The Mexikanemi – Texas Mexican Mafia is now in the Philippines (Filipinas)

The Mexikanemi – Texas Mexican Mafia is now in the Philippines (Filipinas)

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The Mexikanemi, sometimes confused with the Mexican Mafia was founded by San Antonio natives Heriberto “Herb” Huerta and Jose Lopez in 1984. Heriberto Huerta came up with the scheme for the mafia style gang and organized it along the outline of La Cosa Nostra, the New York Italian Mafia. The prison gang is a powerful and operates in both prisons across the nation and the streets. The gang is involved in crimes such as drug trafficking, murder, extortion, robbery and loan sharking. The gang is highly organized and operates under a strict paramilitary structure. There is an estimated 17,000 Mexikanemi members in cities across the U.S. and Mexico.

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GANG PROFILE Symbols: Aztec Double-Headed Serpent, EME, 13, Merecido. Ranking structure: Paramilitary Territory: San Antonio, Austin, Laredo, Corpus Christi, Rio Grande Valley, Los Angeles CA, and small chapters across the United States and southern Mexico. . Alliances: none Members: 17,000 Racial make up: Hispanic Threat: High

MEXIKANEMI POWER STRUCTURE The structure of the Mexikanemi is comprised of three components, the members, prospects, and associates. There are also descending ports of lieutenants, sergeants and solders in the organization. These are the back bone, the doers of the deadly organization who set up the Mesa’s (the boards) which are controlling boards on the prison main lines. These boards’ members are in charge of organizing most of Mexican Mafia activity. The Mexikanemi require its members to remain loyal to the gang and vow to do so for life. Homosexuality is prohibited and so is drug abuse.

MEXIKANEMI IN PRISON The Mexikanemi rapidly multiplied in Texas after a war erupted between the Mexikanemi and the Texas Syndicate. The Texas Syndicate, which was the states only Hispanic prison gang refused to accept the Mexikanemi. While the Texas Syndicate was known for extorting nonmember Hispanics, the Mexikanemi claimed to offer all Mexican American inmates who joined their gang full protection. As a result the Mexikanemi became popular, particularly with offenders from San Antonio. The war between these two prison gangs went on for 7 years, with as many as 100 murders from both sides. The Mexikanemi and Texas Syndicate decided to settle a truce in 1988 after new prison gangs such as the Barrio Azteca and Raza Unida were emerging into the scene. Feeling that the Barrio Azteca had no right in using the Mexikanemi’s Aztlan ideology, they demanded that the Barrio Azteca change its name. The Azteca’s took great offense to their request and responded attacking dozens of Mexikanemi members across the state. The Mexikenemi retaliated by ordering the murder of 2 Barrio Azteca members at the Clemens unit in Brazoria, TX and in a federal prison in 1990. A truce between both rival gangs was made in 1997 under the condition that both gangs renew their peace treaty every year on May 5th.

THE MEXIKANEMI’S DRUG ENTERPRISE The Mexikanemi are in alliance with the Gulf cartel and control the drug trade of both Laredo and San Antonio. The Gulf Cartel sells narcotics to the Mexikanemi at discount prices as well as hires the ruthless Mexikanemi as hit men. In recent years the Mexikanemi has experienced a power struggle within its ranks and as a result has carried out dozens of execution style murders of its own members in the San Antonio area. Dozens of high ranking members of the prison gang have recently been charged for these homicides, as well as drug are trafficking and money laundering. Bexar County narcotics detectives made a recent drug bust on the cities west side. Detectives seized over 300,000 of black tar heroin at the home of 54 year old Juan Gomez, a high ranking member of the Mexikanemi. The drugs were stashed in PVC pipes hidden in the ceiling of the heavily fortified house. When questioned about the drugs, Juan Gomez refused to corporate with law enforcement agents, nor did he admit being a member of the Mexikanemi.

THE DIME While drug trafficking and robbery are the some of the prison gangs sources of income, extortion make up most of the gang’s profits. Mexikanemi foot soldiers are ordered to collect 10% off each non member drug dealer and turn in the money to Mexikanemi leaders. The “dime” as it’s called is used to support members in prison.

MEXIKANEMI INFORMANTS Using gang informants to receive intelligence about the organizations clandestine structure has been an effective tactic for law enforcement official. Some gang members are willing to cooperate in return of leniency when faced with heavy felony charges. One such informant was Rene Enriquez, a former high ranking member of the Mexikanemi. Enriquez, a Lieutenant of the gang, had been involved with the Mexikanemi for 17 years and was in charge of utilizing the gangs trust account and distributing those funds to members in the prison unit he was in charge of. He explained how he was in charge of appointing non ranking members in the streets the special task of providing his girlfriend with funds generated by drug trafficking. Enriquez’s girlfriend would then mail the money via money order into Enriquez’s prison trust fund account. It is common for gang members to trick their wives or girlfriends into doing this without telling them what they are doing is a serious crime. Such deception comes easy for Mexikanemi members since the loyalty to their organization comes first.

MEXIKANEMI VS OREJON CONFLICT The Mexikanemi is currently under going a conflict with a group called “Los Orejones”. Los Orejones, which is basically an unorganized structure of prison inmates from San Antonio, consider them selves non gang members. Inmates from San Antonio were once forcefully obligated to assist the Mexikanemi in conducting gang related crimes.

MEXIKANEMI CHRONOLOGIES OF EVENTS

The Mexikanemi, sometimes confused with the Mexican Mafia was founded by San Antonio natives Heriberto “Herb” Huerta and Jose Lopez in 1984. (Gang Intelligence 101)

In 1983, the Texas Syndicate refuses to recognize the Mexikanemi as a prison gang and declares war. Over 80 gang members are killed in an 8 year battle for control. (Gang Intelligence 101)

In 1988, the Mexikanemi declare war on the Barrio Azteca after tensions arise over a fight between both gangs in a Coffield unit recreation yard. (Gang Intelligence 101)

In 1990, the Mexikanemi and Texas Syndicate agree on a truce. (Gang Intelligence 101)

In 1992, Mexikanemi members murder a Barrio Azteca member at the Clemens unit in Brazoria, Texas. (Gang Intelligence 101)

In December 1994 Mexikanemi members murder Richard Bracknell El Paso County jail. Bracknall, a former Mexikanemi member is beat and strangled to death because he did not follow gang rules. (El Paso Times)

In 1995, 2 members of the Aryan Circle are stabbed by the Mexikanemi in a prison yard fight at the J.B. Connally unit in Kenedy, Texas.

On February 14, 1996, the Texas based Mexikanemi and California Mexican Mafia declare war on each other after members of the Mexican Mafia stab 2 members of the Mexikanemi at the United States Penitentiary in Florence, Colorado. (Gang Intelligence 101)

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In December of 1996, The Aryan Circle and Mexikanemi agree on a peace treaty over a war that resulted in 13 murders in units across Texas.

On June of 1997, the Mexikanemi and Barrio Azteca settle a peace agreement and organize a commission called “La Mesa Grande” at the Cofield unit between high ranking members of the Mexikanemi, Texas Syndicate and Barrio Azteca. (Gang Intelligence 101)

In August 1997, Mexikanemi members raid the house of a drug dealer who refused to pay the gang 10% of their drug earnings. Five people are blindfolded, bound with duct tape and shot repeatedly execution style. (Associated Press)

On January 29, 1998, leaders of the Mexikanemi and Mexican Mafia declared peace with each other. (Gang Intelligence 101)

In 1998, another federal indictment results in the conviction of Mexikanemi General Robert “Beaver” Perez. Perez is sentenced to death for 19 execution style murders committed in 1994 – 1997.

In November 1999, Mexikanemi members raid the house of Juanita Ybarra, then strangle her to death with a telephone cord. A contract was put on her life after she refused to pay the Mexikenemi a 10% cut of her marijuana dealing profits. Vasquez v State, 67 S.W.3d 229 (Tex. Crim. App., 2002)

In 1999, the Mexikanemi declares war on the Raza Unida over a conflict involving drugs in the streets of Corpus Christi, Texas. A member of the Raza Unida is brutally murdered at the Connally unit in Kenedy, Texas by Mexikanemi members. (Gang Intelligence 101)

On September 14, 2000, members of the HPL “Hermandad Pistoleros Latinos” murder Mexikanemi member Adrian Torres in San Antonio, Texas over a cocaine deal gone bad. Saenz v. State, 131 S.W.3d 43 (TX, 2003)

In 2000, both the Mexikanemi and Raza Unida settle on a truce after 1 year of war fare. (Gang Intelligence 101)

On March 1, 2001, Mexikanemi members in the Michael Unit of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice kill inmate Rogelio Garza for stealing money and heroin from the gang. Loredo v. State, No. 12-06-00287-CR (Tex. App. 8/22/2007) (Tex. App., 2007)

In July of 2004, Federal investigators freeze the prison trust fund accounts of Mexikanemi founder Heriberto “Herb” Huerta and vice president Benito “Viejito” Alonzo. Officials suspect that the $23,000 both gang members had in their trust fund was money raised from illegal activity.

On August 2004 Bexar County Sheriff detectives arrest 26 Mexikanemi members and associates on federal drug, firearms and money laundering charges. (Associated Press)

On January 15, 2005, two members of the Mexikanemi are arrested in Laredo, Texas for the brutal murders of Roberto Patino and Enrique Botello. The killers reportedly kidnapped the victims, gunned them down, and then burned their bodies in the trunk of a car. The prison gang ordered the murders in retaliation for money owed by the victims. Gallardo v. State, No. 4-06-00057-CR (Tex. App. 7/25/2007) (Tex. App., 2007)

On March 2007, Robert “Beaver” Perez, leader of the Mexikanemi is executed by the state of Texas for his involvement of over 19 gang related murders. (Associated Press)

In early 2008, a mass grave is discovered in an Atascosa County ranch and law enforcement officials link the murders to the Mexikanemi. (San Antonio Express News)

In 2008, dozens of Mexikanemi leaders are arrested on racketeering charges that involve more than 20 execution style murders in San Antonio, Austin and Atascosa County. (San Antonio Express News)

In 2007, Mexikanemi member Robert Anthony Martinez Perez is scheduled for lethal injection for his role in the 1994 execution style murder of fellow member Luis “Blue” Adames. The killing came as a result of a power struggle with in higher ranks of the gang. (San Antonio Express News)

Syndicato Nuevo Mexico SNM Prison Gang is now in the Philippines (Filipinas)

Syndicato Nuevo Mexico SNM Prison Gang is now in the Philippines (Filipinas)

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The Syndicato Nuevo Mexico, also known as the New Mexico Syndicate, was founded in 1979 by Hispanic inmates in Albuquerque, New Mexico’s Bernalillo County Detention Center. The prison gang spread into the New Mexico prison system in 1980 soon after the bloody New Mexico State Penitentiary riot in Santa Fe.

GANG PROFILE Symbols: New Mexico sun symbol, SNM, 505 Ranking structure: Paramilitary Territory: Albuquerque, New Mexico and surrounding area Alliances: 18th Street, San Jose and Los Padillas gang Members: 3,000 Racial make up: Hispanic/ Native American Threat: Moderate

NEW MEXICO SYNDICATE GANG STRUCTURE The organized prison gang operates under a rank “Panel” of Generals who issue out orders to foot soldiers. When members of the SNM are released from prison they are required to tax Rio Rancho and Bernalillo county area drug dealers a percentage of their drug profits. Albuquerque street gangs such as the 18th Street, San Jose and Los Padillas assist the New Mexico Syndicate and are often recruited into the prison gang. Known rivals of the SNM are “Los Carnales” and “Barrio Azteca.”

NEW MEXICO SYNDICATE DECLARE WAR ON BARRIO AZTECA The New Mexico Syndicate declared war on the Texas based Barrio Azteca after the Azteca’s took control of the southern New Mexico drug trade. Clashes between both violent prison gangs have been reported in state and federal prisons across the nation.

NEW MEXICO SYNDICATE DRUG ENTERPRISE Law enforcement officials are currently cracking down methamphetamines hubs run by both the New Mexico Syndicate and Banditos motorcycle gang. The New Mexico Syndicate control Albuquerque’s heroin and cocaine market and use local street gangs to distribute their drugs.

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SNM CHRONOLOGIES OF EVENTS

In 1979, The Syndicato Nuevo Mexico, also known as the New Mexico Syndicate, is founded in Albuquerque, New Mexico’s Bernalillo County Detention Center.

On April 1, 1986, New Mexico Syndicate members murder Los Carnales member Bobby “Barbershop” Garcia and prison guard Louis Jewett. (Trujillo v. Sullivan, 815 F.2d 597 (C.A.10 (N.M.), 1987)

In 1998, Los Carnales members strangle a New Mexico Syndicate to death at the old Santa Fe Downtown jail. (Gang Intelligence 101)

On July 5, 1998, New Mexico Syndicate member Manuel Benito, 32, murders fellow SNM member Felix Steve “Animal” Martinez in the Bernalillo County Detention Center

On Aug. 27, 2000, New Mexico Syndicate member Francisco Villalobos, 32 murders police informant Matthew Cavalier inside Bernalillo County Detention Center. (Associated Press)

On December 07, 2004, the New Mexico Syndicate are hammered by police when Gov. Bill Richardson approves a $2 million plan to dismantle New Mexico gangs. (Associated Press)

March of 2006 New Mexico Syndicate member Michael Paul Astorga shoots a Bernalillo County deputy. (Associated Press)

Texas Syndicate is now in the Philippines (Filipinas)

Texas Syndicate

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The Texas Syndicate (Spanish: Syndicato Tejano) is a mostly Texas-based prison gang that includes Hispanic and at one time, White (non-Hispanic) members. The Texas Syndicate, unlike La Eme or Nuestra Familia, has been more associated or allied with Mexican immigrant prisoners, known as “border brothers”, while La Eme and the NF tend to be more composed of US-born/raised Hispanics.

It was established in the 1970s at Folsom Prison in California in direct response to the other California prison gangs (notably the Aryan Brotherhood and Mexican Mafia), which were attempting to prey on native Texas inmates. Los Zetas cartel has been known to hire US gangs such as the Texas Syndicate and MS-13 to carry out contract killings.[4]

As of 2000, some minority reports claim the Texas Syndicate had about 19,000 members in prisons and jails state-wide with more on the outside, however such numbers are often inflated and include inmates only marginally connected with the gang as well as ex-cons, most of whom do not remain actively involved. Around 8,126 Hispanic members operate across Texas, including specific reportings in the Coffield Unit, about 60 miles southwest of Tyler, and at the Allred prison unit outside of Wichita Falls. However, they still maintain their headquarters in California, where their national president resides, and their numbers continue to reach into state and federal prisons across the US. They have been reported in the Federal Correctional Institute at Oakdale, Louisiana and in San Quentin, California with frequency. As a street gang, heavy activity has been reported in Austin, Corpus Christi, the Rio Grande Valley and the Dallas Fort Worth area in Texas.[citation needed]

The organization at one time did allow non-Hispanic members to join, but in the 1980s reversed this policy.

Crime Groups in the Philippines

Crime Groups in the Philippines

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I recently received an e-mail describing the modi operandi of the top 17 criminal groups in the country and would like to share the information through this blog.

I do not mean to present the Philippines as a country where one’s safety can not be guaranteed. The Filipino people are in fact known throughout the world for being warm, friendly and hospitable. And many tourists who keep coming back or have moved to the Philippines can attest to that.

This post is, in fact, meant to inform and educate us all, whether residents or visitors here in the Philippines. Crime groups operate everywhere in the world and we need to be aware of their activities in order to take the necessary precaution and prevent the loss of our possessions.

Sometimes, foreign tourists who come to the Philippines are victimized by these gangs when they allow themselves to be too trusting of strangers. I would suggest to foreign visitors to exercise judiciuosness when travelling. As a rule of thumb, it would be wise not to do things that one would not do in one’s home country. This way, they could be guaranteed of a considerably pleasant vacation not only in the Philippines but in any other destination.

Below are the names of some of the top criminal groups in the Philippines that mostly operate in public places with a description of how they conduct their criminal activities.

Salisi Gang

Where they operate: Hotel lounges, coffee bars, cafes, and restaurants frequented by perceivably wealthy tourists and businessmen

Suspects are typically well-dressed, mild-mannered, and project an aura of legitimate businessman or an affluent matron; complete with jewelry, attaché case and other props to appear and look wealthy.

The perpetrator moves closer to the would-be victim and waits patiently until the victim is engrossed in a serious conversation with a companion or leaves his/her bags and other belongings unattended. In a swift motion, the perpetrator takes the unattended bag or belongings and casually leaves the place.

Another variant, involves two or three accomplices who distract the would-be victim by engaging them in a conversation, often pretending to know the victim from somewhere or ask for a lighter. When distracted, the accomplice takes the unattended bag or belongings of the victim.

Another tactic involves a perpetrator who loiters around the hotel’s front desk and waits for a guest to deposit his room key or is busy conversing with the Front desk staff during registration. Once the victim is already busy talking with the front desk staff, the perpetrator makes his move by walking beside the victims and grab the bags or belongings unattended in a swift motion and casually leaves the location.

Tutok-Kalawit Gang

Where they operate: malls, sidewalks, schools, public buses, and jeepneys

Tutok-Kalawit involves a man or woman suddenly hugging a victim like they are old friends. In truth, the con man or woman is discreetly poking a sharp object on the side of the victim while quietly telling him to turn over his cash and valuables.

Another variant of this criminal tactic would be two thieves accusing a victim of something bogus. The victim would naturally deny the charge and confront his accuser. The thieves would then ask the victim to show his/her ID. Since IDs are usually kept in wallets, thieves will grab the wallet from the victim and run away.

Ativan Gang

Where they operate: bars, boardwalks, restaurant, and other tourist spots

Ativan perpetrators commonly victimize foreigners who roam alone in public places. The group is usually composed of three (3) to four (4) males or females who befriend the would-be victim. After gaining trust and confidence, the victim will be taken for a ride to other tourist sites and during meal time, the victim will be brought to their house usually situated in a squatter colony where the victim will be treated for lunch, snacks, or dinner. The served drink is spiked with Ativan – a powerful anti-depressant/ sleeping pill. Even before finishing the drink, the victim will succumb to a deep sleep and while sleeping, will be stripped of his cash and valuables and will be brought out of the house and left at a completely random location.

Another variant of this tactic is when a male victim is seduced and picked-up in a bar, restaurant, park and/or a tourist site by a gorgeous female, well-dressed and well-mannered. The victim will be approached and befriended until a casual conversation and seduction process takes place which culminates in negotiated sexual activities. The victim will either be brought to a pre-arranged hotel/motel or to his own hotel room. Once at the designated room, the victim will be offered liquor or drink which the perpetrator mixes with highly potent Ativan pills. Once the victim is unconscious, the suspect will divest the victim of his cash/valuables, and then leave the victim at the scene. Most of the victims of this crime wake-up after two to three days and it takes another two days before the victim can fully recover from the drugs and discover the losses.

Ipit Gang

Where they operate: crowded areas such as passenger jeepneys, railway stations, and malls

Ipit gang members operate in groups of four or five. Gang members shove or push a prospective victim to distract him or her, while their accomplice picks his pocket. In jeepneys and buses, suspects squeeze-in and distract their victims while their accomplice snatches the victim’s wallet and/or mobile phone.

Budol-Budol Gang

Where they operate: malls, airports, restaurants, and coffee shops frequented by perceivably wealthy tourists and businessmen

Budol-Budol is a transaction scam principally involving a supposed bundle (budol) of cash that is actually padded inside with sheets of paper cut in the size of money. Only the exposed sides however are real money, everything in between are plain paper cuttings.

Budol-budol gang members are often described as sweet-talking, charismatic, and convincing. Other victims even report having been hypnotized by the group.

Reports and stories of the Budol-budol operations vary from a balikbayan (returning overseas Filipinos) urgently needing a huge amount in Philippine Peso in exchange for his dollars, to a stranger’s emergency offer to swap his bundle of cash with a mobile phone or an expensive piece of jewelry. After gaining the potential victim’s trust the two parties barter their items – the bundle of money for whatever product the to-be victim is peddling. Mobile phones and jewelry are the most commonly lost items. Some high profile cases involve rare paintings, expensive furniture and millions worth of checks to the Budol-budol gang. After the deal is made, the gang and the victim splits.

Another, more sensational and dramatic variant of this crime is the use of fake gold bars, which the suspects use as bait for their victims. The ploy commonly used involves a Filipino treasure hunter or a Japanese survivor has knowledge of a secret Japanese fortune which was plundered by the retreating Japanese Army during World War II which is yet to be completely recovered. A sample of the gold bar is shown to the would be victim for physical examination and since the gold bar actually looks genuine, an offer is made to sell the whole fortune by asking the victim to pay half the cost of the gold bars under terms and conditions agreed upon. One of the conditions is that the gold bars can be delivered or a map can be provided and brought to the site where the bars can be dug up. After the payment, the perpetrators will never show up and the victim will soon discover that the gold bars which were delivered or unearthed from the site are gold plated lead bars.

Kotong Gang

Where they operate: airports, hotels, restaurants, malls, and public parks frequented by foreigners and balikbayans

Common victims of this are foreigners, balikbayans and their dependents who are lured into exchanging their foreign currencies into pesos at a rate higher than the prevailing exchange rates. The group/individual approaches and offers a tempting high rate to the would-be victim.

During the transaction, which usually takes place outside or right in front of a foreign exchange shop, the equivalent peso is counted before the victim three times. Initially, the victim is allowed to count the money he will receive to make him feel confident that he will get the exact amount for his foreign currency. After, a recount is done by one of the perpetrators spreading the pesos in his palm to cover his fingers that are folding a portion of the bunch. The suspect distracts the attention of the victim, often by telling him to be extra careful of robbers, while wrapping the bundle of money in a newspaper or placing it inside a paper bag. The victim eventually discovers that he was shortchanged when he counts the money while inside a car or upon arrival at his house or hotel.

Laslas Bag/Laslas Bulsa Gang

Where they operate: malls, open-air markets, and public transportation perpetrators of this crime usually target victims in crowded areas.

A man/woman/child pretending to be lost or selling an item approaches the victim to distract his/her attention. An accomplice slashes the bag/pocket of the victim who is busy being distracted by another suspect. All money and goods are stolen.

Ipit Taxi Gang

Where they operate: Taxis

The Ipit Taxi scheme usually involves three (3) perpetrators. The trio uses a taxi cab spray painted with a different name and sporting stolen or fake license plates. The driver usually drives around looking for a potential victim who is hailing a taxi cab. Unknown to the victim, the locking mechanisms of both rear doors are not working. The driver then drives the cab to a pre-arranged area, usually a dimly lit street or highway, and slows down pretending he has engine/mechanical trouble. At this juncture his cohorts approach both doors of the cab, jump in and sandwich the victim who is forcibly divested of his cash and valuables. After the victim is robbed, the driver takes the victim and dumps him in a quiet place or highway.

In another variant, the taxi driver, with the help of an illegal solicitor, will ask the victim to pay an additional amount or forcibly divest him of all cash and valuables, then the victim is dumped in a remote area.

Estribo Gang

Where they operate: Public transportation

Attackers prey on passengers inside a bus or jeepney by positioning themselves near the estribo or vehicle’s exit and then hold up everyone inside. In other instances, a crafty criminal will set up at the exit of a crowded bus or jeepney and systematically pick the pocket of passengers passing through.

Bukas Kotse Gang

Where they operate: main roads under heavy traffic, parking areas in malls, churches, schools, etc.

Thieves typically work in pairs. Spotting a potential victim driving a car with unlocked doors, a pair will force their way into an occupied parked car or a vehicle stopped at an intersection. Other times, using a car of their own, the pair will force the victim to maneuver his or her vehicle off the road. One of the attackers will force the victim to open his door. The attacker pushes the victim to the front passenger seat, drives the car to a deserted area, and robs the victim. Sometimes, the attackers also steal the car.

Dura Boys

Where they operate: public transportation terminals, jeepneys, and buses

This tactic is usually carried out by a group of three. The first member informs the victim that a man/woman has spit on her sleeve and back. The victim will be distracted trying to wipe the spit on her sleeve while one of the other members of the gang steals the victim’s valuables, usually a wallet or a mobile phone.

Akyat-Bahay Gang

Where they operate: Residential areas

The Akyat-Bahay is the most common robbery scheme in the Philippines. This crime is usually orchestrated by three to five people. These thieves target homes that are unoccupied especially during the holiday season (i.e. Christmas, Holy Week, and Summer Vacation) or during severe weather conditions (i.e. typhoons) when members of the household can barely notice break-ins into their homes. The gang also employs children who can easily enter homes illegally through tight spaces.

Pitas Gang

Where they operate: Provincial and city operation buses, jeepneys, motorized passenger sidecars (tricycles), and schools

Thieves typically target passengers seated near the windows of public buses, jeepneys, and tricycles. Among the items usually snatched by thieves include wrist watches, rings, necklaces, mobile phones, and hand bags.

Another variant occurs when a group of thieves grab the ears of women and young girls and steal their earrings or snatch their bracelets from their wrists.

Zest-O Gang

Where they operate: Provincial/city operation buses.

This scheme is usually executed by three members. One of the perpetrators wears a bus conductor’s uniform and ask their potential victim “ilan ho” or “how many?” The unsuspecting victim assumes that the man is the bus conductor and responds with the amount of fare the victim should pay. The criminal then forcibly hands the victim a Zest-O juice or any food item and demands that the victim pay for the item. The two accomplices will vouch that the victim ordered from the vendor. The victim will then be forced to pay up.

Laglag-Barya Gang

Where they operate: Provincial/city operation buses, jeepneys, railway stations

Members of this gang drop coins or small bills near their victim. While the victim helps to scoop up the money, other gang members start robbing the victim. In most instances, a gang member blends with the crowd and serves as lookout or “stopper,” when someone tries to run after his companions.

Baraha Gang

Where they operate: Restaurants, shopping malls, department stores, supermarkets

Members of this gang are typically waiters and cashiers who target credit card users in business establishments. Once the victim gives his credit card to the waiter/shop attendant the card is swiped to a skimming device that will capture the victim’s credit card account.

Besfren Gang

Where they operate: Bargain malls and open-air markets

This gang targets shoppers who check out items sold in stalls (i.e. watches, jewelry, mobile phones, and other electronic gadgets). One of the gang members stands next to the victim and borrows the item being checked, pretending that he/she is a friend of the victim. The thief will quickly flee the stall premises bringing with him/her the said item. The store owner/attendant naturally assumes that the victim is an accomplice and will ask him/her to pay for the item.

Dugo Dugo Gang

My own family has had an encounter with the group called Dugo-dugo gang twice already and luckily for us, their scheme was foiled each time. This group makes a phone call to a house at a time when the homeowners are not home. When the household help answers, they pretend to be the owner and concocts a story about having been in a serious vehicular accident and being treated in a hospital. They then instruct the maid to gather whatever valuable possessions are in the master’s bedroom (cash, jewelry and the like) and meet with the gang’s representative so that the hospital bill could be paid. The house maid usually obeys the gang member’s instructions out of a sense of duty to her perceived employers. The gang member runs away with the valuables as soon as these are handed over to him/her.

The maid is oftentimes too overwhelmed by the whole incident to even think of verifying the identity of the caller. At times, the perpetrator will even offer the explanation that his/her voice may sound different as he/she is in so much pain or some other reason.

A variation of the concocted story is the employer gets into an accident where someone else (usually a child or elderly person) gets seriously hurt and is brought by the maid’s employer to the hospital.

This post is not meant to instill fear or cynicism in us. Being armed with such knowledge can only make us wiser in the way we interact with strangers.

This way, my hope is that we will be better able to enjoy our recreation time with our families while keeping ourselves away from the clutches of these criminal elements.

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Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) is an international criminal gang that originated in Los Angeles, California. It has spread to other parts of the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Central America. The majority of the gang is ethnically composed of Central Americans (mostly Salvadorans) and active in urban and suburban areas.

In the U.S., the MS-13 has an especially heavy presence in Los Angeles County and the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California; the Washington, D.C. metropolitan areas of Fairfax County, Virginia, Montgomery County, Maryland, and Prince George’s County, Maryland; Queens, New York; Long Island, New York; Newark, New Jersey, Plainfield, New Jersey; Jersey City, New Jersey; Elizabeth, New Jersey; the Boston, Massachusetts area; Charlotte, North Carolina; and Houston, Texas. There is also a presence of MS-13 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Members of MS distinguish themselves by tattoos covering the body and also often the face, as well as the use of their own sign language. They are notorious for their use of violence and a subcultural moral code that predominantly consists of merciless revenge and cruel retributions. This cruelty of the distinguished members of the “Maras” or “Mareros” earned them a path to be recruited by the Sinaloa Cartel battling against Los Zetas in an ongoing drug war south of the United States border. [5] [6][7] Their wide-ranging activities have drawn the attention of the FBI and Immigration and Customs Enforcement, who have initiated wide-scale raids against known and suspected gang members – netting hundreds of arrests across the country

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The Mexican Mafia (Spanish: Mafia Mexicana), also known as La eMe (Spanish for “the M”), is a highly organized Mexican American criminal organization in the United States.[1][4] Despite its name, the Mexican Mafia did not originate in Mexico and is entirely a U.S. criminal prison organization. Sureños, including MS-13 and Florencia 13,[15] use the number 13 to show allegiance to the Mexican Mafia.

M is the 13th letter of the alphabet. Law enforcement officials report that La eMe is the most powerful gang within the California prison system.[16] Government officials state that there are currently 155–300 official members of the Mexican Mafia with around 990 associates who assist La eMe in carrying out its illegal activities in the hopes of becoming full members.[

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Sureno 5

Sureños, Sur 13, or Sureños X3 are groups of loosely affiliated gangs[10] that pay tribute to the Mexican Mafia while in U.S. state and federal correctional facilities.

Many Sureño gangs have rivalries with one another and the only time this rivalry is set aside is when they enter the prison system.[4][6][11] Thus, fighting is common among different Sureño gangs even though they share the same common identity. Sureños have emerged as a national gang in the United States.[5]

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The Sinaloa Cartel (Spanish: Cártel de Sinaloa or CDS)[9] is an international drug trafficking, money laundering, and organized crime syndicate.[10] Established during the mid-1980s,[11] the Sinaloa Cartel is based primarily in the city of Culiacán, Sinaloa,[12] with operations in the Mexican states of Baja California, Durango, Sonora, and Chihuahua.[13][14] The cartel is also known as the Guzmán-Loera Organization and the Pacific Cartel, the latter due to the coast of Mexico from which it originated. The cartel has also been called the Federation and the Blood Alliance.[13][15][16][17] The ‘Federation’ was partially splintered when the Beltrán-Leyva brothers broke apart from the Sinaloa Cartel.[18]

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The United States Intelligence Community considers the Sinaloa Cartel “the most powerful drug trafficking organization in the world”[19] and in 2011, the Los Angeles Times called it “Mexico’s most powerful organized crime group.”[20] The Sinaloa Cartel is associated with the label “Golden Triangle”, which refers to the states of Sinaloa, Durango, and Chihuahua. The region is a major producer of Mexican opium and marijuana.[18] According to the U.S. Attorney General, the Sinaloa Cartel is responsible for importing into the United States and distributing nearly 200 tons of cocaine and large amounts of heroin between 1990 and 2008.[21] According to the National Drug Intelligence Center, within the U.S. the Sinaloa Cartel is primarily involved in the distribution of cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, marijuana and MDMA.[22]

As of 2015, the Sinaloa Cartel is the most active drug cartel involved in smuggling illicit drugs into the United States and trafficking them throughout the United States.[2

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List of active rebel groups

List of active rebel groups

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International
Al-Qaeda (Islamist)
Jama’at al-Jihad al-Islami (Islamist)

Afghanistan
Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin(Islamist)

Algeria
Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb
also operates Morocco, Mauritania, Niger and Mali (sometimes “Al Qaeda in the Sahel” (Islamist)

Angola
Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (separatist nationalist)

Burma
Democratic Karen Buddhist Army(Buddhist/nationalist)
Committee for Emergence of a Federal Union (CEFU)
Karen National Union (ethnic/Democratic)
Kachin Independence Organization
Karenni National Progressive Party (KNPP)
the Shan State Progressive Party (SSPP)
Shan State Army-North (SSA-N)
Shan State Army-South (SSA-South)
New Mon State Party (NMSP)
Chin National Front (CNF)

Colombia
National Liberation Army (ELN) (Marxist)
Popular Liberation Army (Marxist)
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia[ (FARC) (Marxist)
Black Eagles (rightwing paramilitary)

France
Comité Régional d’Action Viticole (Winemaker)
National Liberation Front of Corsica (Corsican nationalism)

Greece
Sect of Revolutionaries (leftist/anarchist)
Conspiracy of Fire Nuclei (leftist/anarchist)

Haiti
National Revolutionary Front for the Liberation of Haiti

India
Abhinav Bharat (Hindu nationalism)
Communist Party of India (Maoist) (Marxist)
Harkat-ul-Mujahideen[12] (Islamist)
Hizbul Mujahideen[13] (Islamist)
International Sikh Youth Federation  (Sikh)
Jaish-e-Mohammed[15] (Islamist)
Khalistan Commando Force (Sikh)
Khalistan Zindabad Force (Sikh)
Lashkar-e-Taiba[18] (also in Pakistan) (Islamist)
National Socialist Council of Nagaland – Isaac-Muivah (Christian)
Students Islamic Movement of India (Islamist)
United Jihad Council (Islamist)
United Liberation Front of Assam (separatist)

Indonesia
Jemaah Islamiyah
(also known to operate in other parts of South East Asia such as Singapore and the Philippines) (Islamist)
South Moluccas – (Christian)
Free Papua Movement

Italy
Informal Anarchist Federation (leftist/anarchist)

Iran
Jundullah (Baloch nationalism/Islamist Sunni)
PJAK (affiliates of Turkey’s PKK) (Kurdish nationalism)

Iraq
Al-Qaeda in Iraq (Islamist)
Islamic Army in Iraq (Islamist)
Mahdi Army (Islamist)

Lebanon
Hezbollah
Various Palestinian groups

Mali
National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad

Mexico
Popular Revolutionary Army (Marxist)
Zapatista Army of National Liberation (anarcho-communist)

Nigeria
Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta(anarcho-communist)
Boko Haram

Pakistan
Balochistan Liberation Army (Baloch nationalism)
Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (Islamist)
Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi (Islamist)
Fedayeen al-Islam (Islamist)
Lashkar-e-Islam(Islamist)
Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (Islamist)
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (also operated in Kyrgzstan) (Islamist)
Lashkar-e-Omar(Islamist)

Palestine
Palestine Liberation Organization
Fatah
Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade
Force 17
Tanzim
Fatah Hawks
Abu-Arish brigades
al-Awda Brigade
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command
Abu Ali Mustapha Brigades
Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Palestine Liberation Front
Hamas
Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades
Qawasameh tribe
Morbiton (People’s Army)
Palestinian Islamic Jihad
Al-Quds Squads
Popular Resistance Committees
Abu Samhadana clan
Army of Islam (Gaza Strip)
Fatah Revolutionary Council

Paraguay
Paraguayan People’s Army (leftist)

Peru
Shining Path (Maoist)

Philippines
Abu Sayyaf (Al-Harakat Al-Islamiyya) (Islamist)
Moro National Liberation Front (nationalist)
Moro Islamic Liberation Front[ (Islamist)
Rajah Sulaiman Movement (Islamist)
Misuari Renegade/Breakaway Group
Philippine Raja Solaiman Movement (Islamist)
New People’s Army (Communist)
Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930 (Communist)
Alex Boncayao Brigades (Communist)

Russia
Caucasus Mujahadeen (Islamist)
Ingush Jamaat (Islamist)
Shariat Jamaat (Islamist)
Yarmuk Jamaat (Islamist)
Kataib al-Khoul (Islamist)

Rwanda
Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda
(also active in the Democratic Republic of the Congo) (ethnic)

Somalia
Al-Shabaab (Islamist)

Sudan
Union of Forces for Democracy and Development
Rally of Democratic Forces (rebel group)
National Movement for Reform and Development
Justice and Equality Movement[42]
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army

Thailand
Pattani United Liberation Organization (Islamist)

Turkey
Kurdistan Workers’ Party (Kurdish nationalism/Marxist)
Kurdistan Freedom Falcons (Kurdish nationalism/Marxist)

Uganda
Lord’s Resistance Army (operates mainly in northern Uganda, but also in parts of Sudan and D.R. of the Congo). (Christian)

United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland
Continuity Irish Republican Army: 1994–present (separatist/Irish nationalist)
Real Irish Republican Army: 1997–present (separatist/Irish nationalist)
Óglaigh na hÉireann (Real IRA splinter group): 2009–present (separatist/Irish nationalist)
Republican Action Against Drugs: 2008–present (vigilante/Irish nationalist)
Orange Volunteers: 1998–present (Ulster loyalist/sectarian)
Real Ulster Freedom Fighters: 2007–present (Ulster loyalist/sectarian)
Red Hand Defenders: 1998–present (Ulster loyalist/sectarian)

Yemen
Houthis (separatist nationalism/ Islamist Shia)
Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (Islamist)

Prison gangs are now in the Philippines and Worldwide

Prison gangs are now in the Philippines and Worldwide

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Prison gang is a term used to denote any type of gang activity in prisons and correctional facilities. Prison officials and others in law enforcement use the term security threat group or STG. The concept for this name is to take away the recognition and publicity that the term “gang” connotates when referring to people who have an interestin undermining the system.

Most prison gangs do more than offer simple protection for their members. Most often, prison gangs are responsible for any drug, tobacco or alcohol handling inside correctional facilities. Furthermore, many prison gangs involve themselves in prostitution, assaults, kidnappings and murders. Prison gangs often seek to intimidate other inmates (pressuring them to relinquish their food and other resources) and bribe or intimidate prison staff (to ensure they can go about their activities without interference, and to create links to the outside).

In addition, prison gangs often exercise a large degree of influence over organized crime in the “free world”, larger than their isolation in prison might lead one to expect. Since the 1980s, larger prison gangs have consciously worked to leverage their influence inside prison systems to control and profit from drug trafficking on the street. This is made possible based upon the logic that individuals involved in selling illegal drugs face a high likelihood of serving a prison term at some point or in having a friend or family member in prison. The cooperation of drug dealers and other criminals can be secured due to the credible threat of violence upon incarceration if it is not provided. Prison gang members and associates who are released are usually expected to further the gang’s activities after their release and may face danger if they refuse and are returned to prison, such as on a parole violation. The War on Drugs also led to large numbers of drug addicts serving prison terms, providing gangs with a significant method of asserting control within the prison and by controlling the drug trade that happens on the yard and behind bars.

Prison gangs can also be responsible for laundering money from outside gangs, usually the free world branches of the same gangs “on the inside.”

Most correctional facilities have policies prohibiting the formation of prison gangs. However, many prison gangs continue to operate with impunity. As these gang members are already in prison, and often serving long sentences, any punishment incentive to leave a gang or to integrate with the general prison population is reduced.

Prison gangs often have several “affiliates” or “chapters” in different state prison systems that branch out due to the movement or transfer of their members. Smaller prison gangs may associate with or declare allegiance to larger ones. In addition, some prison gang “chapters” may split into antagonistic groups that become rivals, as the MexicanMafia did in Arizona (into the “Old” or “Original” Mexican Mafia associated with the original California gang and the “New Mexican Mafia”, a rival group).

In the United States
Aryan Brotherhood: A white prison gang that originated in California’s San Quentin Prison, amongst White American prisoners, in 1964 (their emblem, “the brand”, consists of a shamrock and the number 666). Perhaps out of their ideology and the necessity of establishing a presence among the more numerous Black and Hispanic gang members, the AB has a particular reputation for ruthlessness and violence. Since the 1990s, in part because of this reputation, the AB has been targeted heavily by state and federal authorities. Many key AB members have been moved to “supermax” control-unit prisons at both the federal and state level or are under federal indictment.

Nazi Lowriders: A newer white prison gang that emerged after many Aryan Brotherhood members were sent to the Security Housing Unit at Pelican Bay or transferred to federal prisons. NLR is associated with members originally from the Antelope Valley and is known to accept some light-skinned or Caucasian-identified Hispanic members.

La Eme or the Mexican Mafia: “Eme” is the Spanish name of the letter “M” and it is the 13th letter in the alphabet. The Mexican mafia are composed mostly of Hispanics, although some Caucasian members exist. The Mexican Mafia and the Aryan Brotherhood are allies and work together to control prostitution, drug running, weapons and “hits” or murders. Originally formed in the 1950s in California prisons by Hispanic prisoners from the southern part of that state, Eme has traditionally been composed of US-born or raised Hispanics and has retained ties to the Southern California-based “Sureños”. During the 1970s and 1980s, Eme in California established the model of leveraging their power in prison to control and profit from criminal activity on the street.

Nuestra Familia (“our family” in Spanish): The “N” is the 14th letter in the alphabet which is used as their symbol,along with the Roman numeral “XIV” to represent their gang, another mostly Hispanic prison gang that is constantly at war with La Eme and was originally formed from Northern-California or rural-based Hispanic prisoners opposing the domination by La Eme, which was started by and associated with Los Angeles gang members.

The Texas Syndicate: A mostly Texas-based prison gang that includes mostly Hispanic members and does (albeit rarely) allow Caucasian members. The Texas Syndicate, more than La Eme or Nuestra Familia, has been associated or allied with Mexican immigrant prisoners, such as the “Border Brothers”, while Eme and Familia tend to be composed of and associate with US-born or raised Hispanics.

Most African-American prison gangs retain their street gang names and associations. These commonly include Rollin’ sets (named after streets, i.e. Rollin’ 30′s, Rollin’ 40′s etc.) that can identify with either Blood or Crip affiliations. The Black Guerilla Family represents an exception, as an originally politically-based group that has a significant presence in prisons and prison politics.

Netas: a Hispanic (mainly Puerto Rican) gang, found on Puerto Rico and on the eastern coast of the US.

United Blood Nation: an African-American prison gang found on the east coast. They are rivals with the Netas and have ties with the Black Guerilla Family.

Folk Nation: Found in Midwestern and Southern states, allied with Crips, bitter rivals with the People Nation.

People Nation: Found in Midwestern and Southern states, allied with Bloods, bitter rivals with the Folk Nation.

D.C. Blacks: Found in Washington D.C. by African-American inmates, are alliged with the BGF and UBN and enemies to
AB and MM.

European Kindred: a white supremacist prison gang founded in Oregon that is affiliated with the Aryan Brotherhood
and the Ku Klux Klan.

Confederate Knights of America: a white supremacist prison gang in Texas that is affiliated with the KKK and AB.

Aryan Circle: a white supremacist prison gang affiliated with the Aryan Brotherhood of Texas and the KKK.

Dead Man Incorporated (DMI): a predominately white prison gang founded in the Maryland Correctional System with branches in many other correctional facilities throughout the U.S.

Conservative Vice Lords (CVL): A primarily African American gang that originated in the St. Charles Illinois Youth Center outside Chicago.[ In Chicago, CVL operated primarily in the Lawndale section and used drug sales profits to continue operation and used prisons to train and recruit new members.

Aryan Brotherhood of Texas: a white supremacist prison gang affiliated with the AB and the KKK.

Latin Kings Gang is now in the Philippines (Filipinas) and Worldwide

Latin Kings Gang is now in the Philippines (Filipinas)  and Worldwide

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Latin Kings graffiti of the King Master along with the abbreviations “L” and “K” on the sides.
Founding location Chicago, Illinois
Years active 1940′s — present
Territory Nationwide, in predominately Hispanic neighborhoods in Chicago, New York City as well as other
cities throughout the United States
Ethnicity Hispanic / mainly Puerto Rican and Mexican
Membership King Motherland Chicago faction – 20,000 to 35,000

Bloodline faction – 2,200 to 7,500

Criminal activities Racketeering, battery, arms trafficking, drug trafficking, extortion, identity document
forgery, robbery, and murder
Allies People Nation, Vice Lords, Bloods, United Blood Nation
Rivals Folk Nation, Maniac Latin Disciples, Spanish Gangster Disciples

The Almighty Latin King and Queen Nation (ALKQN, ALKN, LKN) is said to be the largest and one of the most organized Hispanic street gang in the United States of America, which has its roots dating back to the 1940s in Chicago, Illinois.
Latin Kings
History
The Latin Kings street gang was formed in Chicago in the 1940s and consisted predominantly of Puerto Rican males. Although it was created by Puerto Ricans, most factions of the gang are now dominated by Mexicans, specifically in the Midwest—including Chicago, the city with the second largest Mexican population in the United States.

Originally created with the philosophy of overcoming racial prejudice and creating an organization of “Kings,” the Latin Kings evolved into a criminal enterprise operating throughout the United States under two umbrella factions—Motherland, also known as KMC (King Motherland Chicago), and Bloodline (New York City). All members of the gang refer to themselves as Latin Kings and, currently, individuals of any nationality are allowed to become members.

Latin Kings associating with the Motherland faction also identify themselves as “Almighty Latin King Nation (ALKN),” and make up more than 160 structured chapters operating in 158 cities in 31 states. The membership of Latin Kings following KMC is estimated to be 20,000 to 35,000. The Bloodline was founded by Luis Felipe in the New York State correctional system in 1986. Latin Kings associating with Bloodline also identify themselves as the “Almighty Latin King and Queen Nation (ALKQN).” Membership is estimated to be 2,200 to 7,500, divided among several dozen chapters operating in 15 cities in 5 states. Bloodline Latin Kings share a common culture and structure with KMC and respect them as the Motherland, but all chapters do not report to the Chicago leadership hierarchy. The gang’s primary source of income is the street-level distribution of powder cocaine, crack cocaine, heroin, and marijuana. Latin Kings continue to portray themselves as a community organization while engaging in a wide variety of criminal activities, including assault, burglary, homicide, identity theft, and money laundering.

LeadershipLatin King documents reveal that Gino Gustavo Colon (a.k.a. “Lord Gino”) is considered the leader or “Sun” of the Chicago Latin Kings. They also refer to him as their “Corona”, which means “Crown”. Currently he is serving a life sentence in federal prison due to a 25-count indictment, which includes charges of murder and conspiracy to distribute cocaine and other drugs.

Organizational structureThe Latin Kings have a hierarchical organizational structure: they have numerous “chapters” or “tribes” across the country, which adhere to a regional, state, and a national system. Officers (Inca, Casique and Enforcer) are supported by a “Crown Council” of seven members which set rules and regulations and holds disciplinary hearings. The hierarchy leads to regional officers and ultimately to the Supreme Inca ruler based in Chicago. The head (or heads) of the entire criminal organization are known as ”Coronas” (crowns in English). One retired detective said “When you compare them to other street gangs like the Bloods and the Crips, none compare to the organization of the Latin Kings.”.

Markings
Latin King gang member showing his gang tattoo, a lion with a crown, and signifying the 5 point star with his hands An example of common Latin Kings’ vandalism – showing a crude depiction of a five-pointed crown and the saying, “Amor de Rey”.The Latin King colors are black and gold; gang markings consist of a 5 or 3-point crown, writings of LK, ALK, ALKN, ALKQN abbreviations (or the whole words); and drawings of the Lion and/or the King Master. Latin King symbolism is usually accompanied with the name and number of the chapter, region or city of the gang. The Latin Kings are of the People Nation, and therefore, represent everything to the “right” in opposition to the “left”, which is representative of the Folk Nation.

Kingism
According to John H. Richardson in the February 1997 issue of the New York Magazine, “What also made the Kings different was their unique mixture of intense discipline, revolutionary politics and a homemade religion called “Kingism”–adding idealism and a bootcamp rigor to the usual gang camaraderie—a potent mixture for troubled ghetto kids whose lives lacked structure and hope”.

The Latin Kings operate under strict codes and guidelines that are conveyed in a lengthy constitution, and they follow the teachings of the King Manifesto.In this manifesto you can find traces of Marxism, Christianity,Confucianism and other revolutionary/historical world-views, which when combined make up the ideology and morality of “KINGISM”.

According to the Latin King Manifesto, there are three stages or cycles of Nation life that constitute Kingism. They are:

1.The Primitive Stage: wherein the neophyte member is expected to be immature and to be involved in such activities as gang-banging and being a street warrior without the full consciousness of Kingism.

2.The Conservative or Mummy Stage: which is where a member tires of the street gang life but is still accepting of life as it has been taught to him by the existing system that exploits all people of color, dehumanizes them, and maintains them under the conditions and social yoke of slavery.

3.The New King Stage: where the member “learns that his ills lie at the roots of a system completely alien to his train of thought and his natural development, due to the components of dehumanization that exist therein”.According to the Manifesto, “The New King is the end product of complete awareness, perceiving three-hundred and sixty degrees of enlightenment; his observations are free and independent; his thoughts are not clouded by any form of prejudice…For him there are no horizons between races, sexes and senseless labels”, including gang labels for recognition. The New King no longer views the rival warrior as the cause of his ills; instead, he fights against the Anti-King System (social injustices and inequality), a system which seeks to deny and oppress his people: the Oppressed Third World Peoples.

King Motherland Chicago Latin KingsThe Chicago faction of the Latin Kings is recognized as the largest Hispanic street gang, and the largest Chicago-based street gang, in the United States. Although the original Chicago members were of Puerto Rican descent, most members are now Mexican-American. Unlike MS-13 and 18th Street gang—whose great portion of gang membership exists in Central and South America—the Latin Kings have a heavier presence within the United States. The gang has over 25,000 members in the city of Chicago alone and have organized chapters in over 41 states and several Latin American and European countries, including: Mexico, Spain, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Canada, Italy, Puerto Rico, Philippines, Portugal, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, United Kingdom and others. The Latin Kings are mostly of Latino descent, with some Black, White, Asian and Middle Eastern members as well.Violent HistoryViolence is the hallmark of the Chicago Latin Kings. In their beginnings, when they were not great in size, their brutal history and propensity for violence distinguished them from other Latino gangs in Chicago, making them equal players with the larger Black “Super Gangs”, such as the Gangster Disciples, the Almighty Vice Lord Nation and the Black P. Stones. The ALKN is the largest and most violent Hispanic street gang in Illinois. For example, in 2000 there were approximately 1600 self-admitted Latin Kings in the Illinois prison system, and these accounted for over half of all the recorded violent acts on prison personnel and other inmates, making the Latin Kings the most violent prison gang in Illinois(FBI Fiscal Report 2000).