Filipino Mafia

Filipino Mafia

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The Kuratong Baleleng was an organized crime syndicate that once was an anti-communist vigilante group. They were known nationwide due to their end in an alleged shootout with the Police on May 1995 in Quezon City.

For most Filipinos, the Kuratong Baleleng is that notorious group of bank robbers that met a bloody end in a supposed shootout with the police one May morning in 1995 in Quezon City. But down in Ozamiz City, in northwestern Mindanao, Kuratong is said to be well-loved — and well-connected, even if no one denies that it is a criminal syndicate.

Armed with assorted type of high powered firearms and operates in the cities of Ozamis,Cagayan De Oro, Pagadian and Dipolog, and other neighboring cities and municipalities in Mindanao (in southern Philippines), Cebu in Visayas (in Central Philippines), and Metro Manila in Luzon (in northern Philippines). The group is engaged in robbery/hold-up, carnapping, illegal drugs trafficking, smuggling of rice and sugar, Human smuggling, Gun Running, Extortion, Loan sharking, prostitution, illigal gambling, murder for hire, Protection rackets from Politicians,Businessmen and Drug dealers.

The members of the group are on the “BISAYA” speaking christians, no accurate estimation of the groups number since it has never been infiltrated and fear has become Kuratong Baleleng’s most effective weapon.The Kuratong baleleng is the most well organized crime gang in the Philippines, it was rumored that some criminal gangs such as Abu sayyaf got killed without any permission to operate from the Kuratong Baleleng Bosses. “They have no qualms in killing perceived enemies,” says a local journalist who asked not to be named. “They are untouchables.” This perception is fueled by the fact that authorities refuse to even investigate criminal activities allegedly perpetrated by the group. The gang also has business ties with other ASIAN gangs such as Japanese YAKUZA and The Chinese Triads and the Russian Mafia. The Kuratong baleleng is also known for supplying rebels such as the NPA and Abu sayyaf groups.It was also rumored that the organization has gone International, and not online in the Philippines but, also some neighboring parts of the nation such as Malaysia, Indonesia, Hong Kong, singapore and even Saudi Arabia and Middle east.

Joining this gang is not easy since this is a highly organized crime syndicate and most members are Family associated by blood. The gang organization are consist of BOSSES these bosses are known as “PAPA” manong or Ninong the Head Boss or the father of the Family or Clan which comprise of the underboss the second in command. The Next are the “KUYA or MANOY” Big brother or the CAPTAIN. Each Captains consists of Soldiers or “Sondalo” these sondalo are the one’s who always do the dirty works for the BOSSES. The Gang is hard to infiltrate and for that matter has never ever been infiltrated since the gang has bigtime protection such as former Generals ,Former mayors and former military people.

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Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) is an international criminal gang that originated in Los Angeles, California. It has spread to other parts of the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Central America. The majority of the gang is ethnically composed of Central Americans (mostly Salvadorans) and active in urban and suburban areas.

In the U.S., the MS-13 has an especially heavy presence in Los Angeles County and the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California; the Washington, D.C. metropolitan areas of Fairfax County, Virginia, Montgomery County, Maryland, and Prince George’s County, Maryland; Queens, New York; Long Island, New York; Newark, New Jersey, Plainfield, New Jersey; Jersey City, New Jersey; Elizabeth, New Jersey; the Boston, Massachusetts area; Charlotte, North Carolina; and Houston, Texas. There is also a presence of MS-13 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Members of MS distinguish themselves by tattoos covering the body and also often the face, as well as the use of their own sign language. They are notorious for their use of violence and a subcultural moral code that predominantly consists of merciless revenge and cruel retributions. This cruelty of the distinguished members of the “Maras” or “Mareros” earned them a path to be recruited by the Sinaloa Cartel battling against Los Zetas in an ongoing drug war south of the United States border. [5] [6][7] Their wide-ranging activities have drawn the attention of the FBI and Immigration and Customs Enforcement, who have initiated wide-scale raids against known and suspected gang members – netting hundreds of arrests across the country

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The Mexican Mafia (Spanish: Mafia Mexicana), also known as La eMe (Spanish for “the M”), is a highly organized Mexican American criminal organization in the United States.[1][4] Despite its name, the Mexican Mafia did not originate in Mexico and is entirely a U.S. criminal prison organization. Sureños, including MS-13 and Florencia 13,[15] use the number 13 to show allegiance to the Mexican Mafia.

M is the 13th letter of the alphabet. Law enforcement officials report that La eMe is the most powerful gang within the California prison system.[16] Government officials state that there are currently 155–300 official members of the Mexican Mafia with around 990 associates who assist La eMe in carrying out its illegal activities in the hopes of becoming full members.[

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Sureno 5

Sureños, Sur 13, or Sureños X3 are groups of loosely affiliated gangs[10] that pay tribute to the Mexican Mafia while in U.S. state and federal correctional facilities.

Many Sureño gangs have rivalries with one another and the only time this rivalry is set aside is when they enter the prison system.[4][6][11] Thus, fighting is common among different Sureño gangs even though they share the same common identity. Sureños have emerged as a national gang in the United States.[5]

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The Sinaloa Cartel (Spanish: Cártel de Sinaloa or CDS)[9] is an international drug trafficking, money laundering, and organized crime syndicate.[10] Established during the mid-1980s,[11] the Sinaloa Cartel is based primarily in the city of Culiacán, Sinaloa,[12] with operations in the Mexican states of Baja California, Durango, Sonora, and Chihuahua.[13][14] The cartel is also known as the Guzmán-Loera Organization and the Pacific Cartel, the latter due to the coast of Mexico from which it originated. The cartel has also been called the Federation and the Blood Alliance.[13][15][16][17] The ‘Federation’ was partially splintered when the Beltrán-Leyva brothers broke apart from the Sinaloa Cartel.[18]

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The United States Intelligence Community considers the Sinaloa Cartel “the most powerful drug trafficking organization in the world”[19] and in 2011, the Los Angeles Times called it “Mexico’s most powerful organized crime group.”[20] The Sinaloa Cartel is associated with the label “Golden Triangle”, which refers to the states of Sinaloa, Durango, and Chihuahua. The region is a major producer of Mexican opium and marijuana.[18] According to the U.S. Attorney General, the Sinaloa Cartel is responsible for importing into the United States and distributing nearly 200 tons of cocaine and large amounts of heroin between 1990 and 2008.[21] According to the National Drug Intelligence Center, within the U.S. the Sinaloa Cartel is primarily involved in the distribution of cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, marijuana and MDMA.[22]

As of 2015, the Sinaloa Cartel is the most active drug cartel involved in smuggling illicit drugs into the United States and trafficking them throughout the United States.[2

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Insane Diego mob

The Insane Diego mob is a Filipino gang from San Diego. The gang is known to be located on the South Side of San Diego

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New Links:

1) https://isisandislaminlatinamerica.wordpress.com/

2) https://isisandislamlatinamerica.blogspot.com

3) https://islamandisisinlatinamerica.blogspot.com

4) https://mrkowalzki21.wordpress.com/2016/07/22/the-isis-islamic-state-invasion-and-islam-of-latin-america-through-central-america-like-mayan-southern-mexico-and-guatemala/

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Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) is an international criminal gang that originated in Los Angeles, California. It has spread to other parts of the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Central America. The majority of the gang is ethnically composed of Central Americans (mostly Salvadorans) and active in urban and suburban areas.

In the U.S., the MS-13 has an especially heavy presence in Los Angeles County and the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California; the Washington, D.C. metropolitan areas of Fairfax County, Virginia, Montgomery County, Maryland, and Prince George’s County, Maryland; Queens, New York; Long Island, New York; Newark, New Jersey, Plainfield, New Jersey; Jersey City, New Jersey; Elizabeth, New Jersey; the Boston, Massachusetts area; Charlotte, North Carolina; and Houston, Texas. There is also a presence of MS-13 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Members of MS distinguish themselves by tattoos covering the body and also often the face, as well as the use of their own sign language. They are notorious for their use of violence and a subcultural moral code that predominantly consists of merciless revenge and cruel retributions. This cruelty of the distinguished members of the “Maras” or “Mareros” earned them a path to be recruited by the Sinaloa Cartel battling against Los Zetas in an ongoing drug war south of the United States border. [5] [6][7] Their wide-ranging activities have drawn the attention of the FBI and Immigration and Customs Enforcement, who have initiated wide-scale raids against known and suspected gang members – netting hundreds of arrests across the country

gangarrestmap

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28jw60h

The Mexican Mafia (Spanish: Mafia Mexicana), also known as La eMe (Spanish for “the M”), is a highly organized Mexican American criminal organization in the United States.[1][4] Despite its name, the Mexican Mafia did not originate in Mexico and is entirely a U.S. criminal prison organization. Sureños, including MS-13 and Florencia 13,[15] use the number 13 to show allegiance to the Mexican Mafia.

M is the 13th letter of the alphabet. Law enforcement officials report that La eMe is the most powerful gang within the California prison system.[16] Government officials state that there are currently 155–300 official members of the Mexican Mafia with around 990 associates who assist La eMe in carrying out its illegal activities in the hopes of becoming full members.[

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Sureno 5

Sureños, Sur 13, or Sureños X3 are groups of loosely affiliated gangs[10] that pay tribute to the Mexican Mafia while in U.S. state and federal correctional facilities.

Many Sureño gangs have rivalries with one another and the only time this rivalry is set aside is when they enter the prison system.[4][6][11] Thus, fighting is common among different Sureño gangs even though they share the same common identity. Sureños have emerged as a national gang in the United States.[5]

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chapo90s

The Sinaloa Cartel (Spanish: Cártel de Sinaloa or CDS)[9] is an international drug trafficking, money laundering, and organized crime syndicate.[10] Established during the mid-1980s,[11] the Sinaloa Cartel is based primarily in the city of Culiacán, Sinaloa,[12] with operations in the Mexican states of Baja California, Durango, Sonora, and Chihuahua.[13][14] The cartel is also known as the Guzmán-Loera Organization and the Pacific Cartel, the latter due to the coast of Mexico from which it originated. The cartel has also been called the Federation and the Blood Alliance.[13][15][16][17] The ‘Federation’ was partially splintered when the Beltrán-Leyva brothers broke apart from the Sinaloa Cartel.[18]

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The United States Intelligence Community considers the Sinaloa Cartel “the most powerful drug trafficking organization in the world”[19] and in 2011, the Los Angeles Times called it “Mexico’s most powerful organized crime group.”[20] The Sinaloa Cartel is associated with the label “Golden Triangle”, which refers to the states of Sinaloa, Durango, and Chihuahua. The region is a major producer of Mexican opium and marijuana.[18] According to the U.S. Attorney General, the Sinaloa Cartel is responsible for importing into the United States and distributing nearly 200 tons of cocaine and large amounts of heroin between 1990 and 2008.[21] According to the National Drug Intelligence Center, within the U.S. the Sinaloa Cartel is primarily involved in the distribution of cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, marijuana and MDMA.[22]

As of 2015, the Sinaloa Cartel is the most active drug cartel involved in smuggling illicit drugs into the United States and trafficking them throughout the United States.[2

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Albanian Mafia

Albanian Mafia

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The Albanian Mafia or Albanian organized crime (Albanian: Mafia Shqiptare) are the general terms used for criminal organizations based in Albania or composed of ethnic Albanians. Albanian organized crime is active in Albania, the United States, and the European Union (EU) countries, participating in a diverse range of criminal enterprises including drug and arms trafficking. In Albania alone there are over 15 mafia families or clans that control organized crime.

StructureThe typical structure of the Albanian Mafia is hierarchical. Deeply reliant on “loyalty”, “honor” and family (blood relations and marriage being very important) most of the Albanian networks seem to be “old-fashioned”. Albanian Mafia families or clans are usually made up of groups of fewer than 500 members, constituting an extended family residing all along the Balkan route from eastern Turkey, to Western Europe, and North America. The Northern Albanian Mafia which runs the drug wholesale business is also known by the name of “The Fifteen Families.”

According to Ioannis Michaletos, the family structure is characterized by a strong inner discipline, which is achieved by means of punitive action for every deviation from internal rules. Punishment ensures fear and fear guarantees unconditional loyalty to the family. Provisions within the family structure allow official laws to be considered secondary, unimportant and non-binding. Since Mafia families are based on blood relations, the number of clan members are limited and bonds between them tend to be very strong. As a result, infiltrating into the mafia is almost impossible. Members of other ethnic groups can be accepted only to execute one time or secondary jobs. The Albanian mafia families are organized in 4-6 or more levels, which enable them to preserve the organizational action capability even in case some of its members or groups are captured

[edit] Rudaj OrganizationMain article: Rudaj Organization
One of the most famous Albanian criminal organization was the Rudaj Organization. In October 2004, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) arrested 22 men who worked for it. Among them was Alex Rudaj,the leader of the organization, whose arrest effectively ended the workings of the Rudaj. The arrests were made shortly after the men entered the territory of the Lucchese crime family in Astoria, Queens, New York, and supposedly beat up two members of the Lucchese family.

The name Rudaj comes from the head of the organization. According to The New York Times published on January 2006, “Beginning in the 1990s, the Corporation, led by a man named Alex Rudaj, established ties with established organized crime figures including members of the Gambino crime family, the authorities say. Then, through negotiations or in armed showdowns, the Albanians struck out on their own, daring to battle the Lucchese and Gambino families for territory in Queens, the Bronx and Westchester County, prosecutors say.”.

In 2001, Albanian mobsters stormed a Gambino hangout in Astoria, Queens, sending a brazen message to the Mafia.The club, called Soccer Fever, was now theirs. The seven men who invaded the dimly lit basement club tore the joint apart, shot off handguns and beat the club manager bloody, prosecutors say. It was a bold move – and, prior to August 2001 unthinkable.

Gambino leader Arnold Squitieri had had enough and wanted a talk with these rogue mobsters. The “sit down” took place at a gas station in a rest area near the New Jersey turnpike. Squitieri did not come alone, twenty armed Gambino mobsters accompanied their boss. Alex Rudaj on the other hand had only managed to bring six members of his crew. According to undercover FBI agent Joaquin Garcia, who infiltrated the Gambino crime family during this period, Squitieri told Rudaj that the fun was over and that they should stop expanding their operations. The Albanians and Gambinos then pulled out their weapons. Knowing they were outnumbered the Albanians threatened to blow up the gas station with all of them in it. This ended the discussion, and both groups pulled back.

By 2006 all the main players involved in this “sit down” were in prison. Rudaj and his Sixth Family had been picked off the street in October 2004 and charged with a variety of racketeering and gambling charges. After a trial Rudaj and his main lieutenants were all found guilty. In 2006 Rudaj, at that time 38 years old, was sentenced to 27 years in prison. His rival Arnold Squitieri was convicted in an unrelated racketeering case and was sent to prison for seven years.

“What we have here might be considered a sixth crime family,” after the five Mafia organizations — Bonanno, Colombo, Gambino, Genovese and Lucchese — said Fred Snelling, head of the FBI’s criminal division in New York.

[edit] International activity[edit] IsraelThe Israeli government has confirmed its concern that the Albanian mafia has spread its tentacles in the country’s banking system. The Israeli intelligence agency has called for a close cooperation between Israel and Albania to combat money laundering. Justice Minister, Dr. Rotkopf Guy noted; “this is an important step in international cooperation between our countries to combat money laundering with the force of law and to deepen relations between Israel and other countries.”.

[edit] Scandinavia”The ethnic Albanian mafia is very powerful and extremely violent,” said Kim Kliver, chief investigator for organized crime with the Danish National Police. Law enforcement authorities estimate that different Albanian mafia families may smuggle as much as 440 pounds of heroin a year into Scandinavia at any given time.[10]

[edit] SwitzerlandGeneva Deputy Public Prosecutors state that the Albanian mafia is one of the most powerful ones among 8 identified mafias in the world.[11] The other Mafia organizations around the world are the Russian Mafia, Chinese (Triad), Japanese (Yakuza), Italian Mafia, Colombian (drug cartels) organizations, and Mexican (drug cartels) organizations. The Albanian mafia controls the entire network of heroin trafficking in Geneva Switzerland.[12] The Geneva deputy public prosecutors also added that the Albanian Mafia “is laundering a part of income in Geneva economy, restaurants, bars, real estate and cabarets”.[11]

[edit] SpainAccording to Spanish Authorities, the Albanian Mafia is composed of powerful organized factions. In a report by Spanish Authorities, the factions have infiltrated banks and industrial estates. They are very active in Madrid and Costa Del Sol.[13]

[edit] United StatesThe Albanian Mafia in the United States has been thought to greatly increase their dominant power and is one of the most violent criminal organizations in operation — particularly with their strong connections in the European Union.[14]

In the United States, Albanian gangs started to be active in the mid-80s, mostly participating in low-level crimes such as burglaries and robberies. Later, they would become affiliated with Cosa Nostra crime families before eventually growing strong enough to operate their own organizations under the Iliazi family name.[15]

During investigations conducted by FBI experts in the city of ??New York and surrounding areas against the Albanian mafia, it was noted that the Albanian Mafia was too widespead and too secretive to penetrate. Furthermore, although there have been a number of operations performed by the FBI to destroy organized crime such as Italian and Russian factions, the Albanian mafia continues to be widespread in New-York in a relatively high number.[16]

Speaking anonymously for Philadelphia’s City Paper a member of the “Kielbasa Posse”, an ethnic Polish mob group, declared in 2002 that Poles are willing to do business with “just about anybody. Dominicans. Blacks. Italians. Asian street gangs. Russians. But they won’t go near the Albanian mob. The Albanians are too violent and too unpredictable.”[17] The Polish mob has told its associates that the Albanians are like the early Sicilian Mafia — clannish, secretive, hypersensitive to any kind of insult, and too quick to use violence for the sake of vengeance.[17]

In 2011, a New York-based Albanian-American Mob was successfully convicted by the New York US attorney’s office. It was coordinated by the International Narcotics Strike Force (made up of the D.E.A., N.Y.P.D., I.C.E./H.S.I., New York State Police, I.R.S. and U.S. Marshals. The American-Albanian Mob was described as having “hundreds of associated members, workers and customers spanning three continents” and with trafficking drugs from Canada, Mexico, the Netherlands, Colombia, Peru and Venezuela. They were also in close cooperation with other Mafia Families based in the European Union.[18]

According to F.B.I site; “they do not yet demonstrate the established criminal sophistication of La Cosa Nostra.” [19]

According to Jerry Capeci, the national foremost expert on the American Mafia, and the webmaster of the site GangLand; “Albanian gangsters are the latest ethnic criminals to be presented by authorities as competition for the old and dying Mafiosi. Like Irish, Cuban, Russian, Chinese and Greek hoodlums before them, the Albanians are not serious competition for what the F.B.I. calls traditional organized crime, the Italian mob. There are nowhere near enough of them.” [20]

[edit] CanadaThe Albanian Mafia is firmly established in eastern Canadian cities such as Toronto and Montreal. They are involved in various white collar activities such as real estate and health care fraud. Furthermore, they are engaged in cross-border activity between the United States and Canada which include drug smuggling and money laundering.[21]

A Canadian Security Intelligence Service report noted that although organized crime in Canada has shifted to more multi-ethnic and loosely based structures, the term “Mafia” is used only to identify the “big three,” which have hierarchical structures that are ethnically, racially, and culturally homogeneous: the ‘Italian’, ‘Albanian’, and ‘Russian’ Mafias.[22]

[edit] ItalyThe special relationship, cooperation and understanding between Albanian and Italian Mafia groups is based on old traditions, which both parties share. Notions such as vengeance, honour, and respect are traditionally embedded in Italian and Albanian Mafia groups that span over hundreds of years.[23]

Since the beginning of the 1990s Italy has been clamping down hard on the Sicilian Mafia. According to the deputy director of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), at the end of the 1990s the Mafia sought to survive this crackdown by forming a “symbiotic” relationship with the Albanian crime families known as fares, who provided the struggling Sicilians a hand in a number of services in their operations across Italy. Today, both Sicilian Mafia groups and the ‘Ndrangheta are believed to have franchised out prostitution, gambling and drug dealing in territories along the Adriatic coast to the Albanians. One CSIS report even claimed that this partnership had proved so successful that the Sicilian mafia established a ‘headquarters’ in Vlorë, a coastal town in southern Albania at the close of the 1990s.[24]

Albanian emigrants started arriving at Italian ports in 1991. By 1997 the immigration had come under the control of the Albanian and Italian criminal groups, tightening relationships between them[25]

“The Albanian Mafia seems to have established good working relationships with the Italian Mafia”.[26] “On the 27th of July 1999 police in Durres (Albania), with Italian assistance arrested one of the godfathers of the “Sacra Corona Unita”, Puglia’s Italian Mafia. This Albanian link seems to confirm that the Sacra Corona Unita and the Albanian Mafia are “partners” in Puglia/Italy and delegate several criminal activities”.[26] Thus, in many areas of Italy, the market for cannabis, prostitution, and smuggling is run mainly by Albanians. Links to Calabria’s Mafia, the “Ndrangheta”, exist in Northern Italy. Several key figures of the Albanian Mafia seem to reside frequently in the Calabrian towns of Perugia, Africo, Plati, and Bovalino (Italy), fiefs of the Ndrangheta. Southern Albanian groups also have good relationships with Sicily’s Cosa Nostra.[26]

Roberto Saviano, the Italian writer, an expert on the Neapolitan Camorra in particular and the Italian mafia in general, spoke of the Albanian mafia as a “no longer foreign mafia” to Italy and stressed that the Albanians and Italians have a “brotherly” relationship between each other. Saviano notes that the Camorra from Naples can’t understand the Russian clans, which aren’t based on family ties, and feels greater affinity with the Albanian crime families.[27]

In an Albanian television station Top Channel Tv, Saviano went on to say that the Albanian and Italian factions are “one of the same”, and that they don’t consider each other as foreigners.[3]

According to the German Federal Intelligence Service, the Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND), in a leaked report to a Berlin newspaper; states that the ‘Ndrangheta (one of the most notorious criminal organizations in Italy) “act in close co-operation with Albanian mafia families in moving weapons and narcotics across Europe’s porous borders”.[28]

[edit] United KingdomAlbanian mafia gangs are believed to be largely behind sex trafficking, immigrants smuggling, as well as working with Turkish gangs in Southend-On-Sea, who control the heroin trade in the United Kingdom.[29][30]

Vice squad officers estimate that “Albanians now control more than 75 per cent of the country’s brothels and their operations in London’s Soho alone are worth more than £15 million a year.” They are said to be present in every big city in Britain as well as many smaller ones including Telford and Lancaster, after having fought off rival criminals in turf wars. Associate groups within the organizations will also hide their criminal activities within restaurants, bars and clubs in an attempt to remain undercover.[31]

Albanian gangsters were also involved in the largest cash robbery in British crime history, the £53 million (about US$92.5 million at the time of the robbery) Securitas heist in 2006.[32]

According to the Scottish Crime and Drug Enforcement Agency (SCDEA), Albanian Mafia groups have muscled in on the drug and vice trades within the Scottish underworld. The (SCDEA) notes that Albanian Mafia groups have established a foothold in arms and drugs trafficking in Scotland.

[edit] FranceThe Albanian Mafia in France is described as having a monopoly over many criminal transactions including arms and drug trafficking. The Albanian Mafia has a strong foothold in France which is a key strategy as other primary transactions are overseen in neighbouring countries by different mafia families and clans.[33]

[edit] GermanyAlbanian Mafia families are one of the major criminal organizations in Germany. In particular, they play a crucial role in the drug trade and the red light districts of the country. Although this is well known to German security authorities such as the (Bundesnachrichtendienst) , they are unwilling to undertake an investigation against the Albanian criminal structures in Germany.[34]

“Ethnic Albanians” (as the German police officially calls them), who come in to Germany typically from Albania or the Republic of Macedonia or Kosovo, created for a very short time in the last decade of the century, a very powerful criminal network, says Manfred Quedzuweit, director of the Police Department for Fighting the Organized Crime in Hamburg. “Here, it could be heard that they are even more dangerous than Cosa Nostra.[35] Albanian “banks” in Germany are a special story. They are used for the transfer of money from Germany which amounts to a billion of D-marks a year. One of these banks was discovered by accident by the Düsseldorf police while checking a travel agency “Eulinda” owned by the Albanians. “We haven’t found a single travel related catalogue or brochure at the agency. The computers were nonfunctional, the printer had never been used. We found that “Eulinda” was a coverup for some other business”, said high criminal counselor from Düsseldorf Rainer Bruckert. “Eventually we found out that “Eulinda” had already transferred 150 million dollars to Kosovo — for ‘humanitarian purposes’”, says Bruckert. “Money was being transferred by the couriers in special waist belts with multiple pockets. So, in a single one-way trip, it was possible to carry up to six million D-marks.”[35]

[edit] BelgiumThe Albanian mafia has deep roots in Belgium, which was recently a topic of a special programme on Belgian RTBF Channel One. Reporters tried to investigate the roots of Albanian organized crime but have complained that it is too hard to penetrate the structure and organization of the Albanian mafia, but agreed that the Albanian mafia acts on the model of the Italian one, whose crime is part of the “activities of entire families” and which has a clearly defined hierarchy. The Albanian mafia in Brussels has monopoly over activities such as “narcotics and arms deals” according to Belgian sources.[36]

[edit] AustraliaGodfather of an Albanian Mafia family ‘Daut Kadriovski’ gained the attention of the Australian Authorities after creating a drug pipeline through Albanian and Croatian communities in Sydney and Brisbane.[37] The mafia has been known to integrate into Australian society through the use of teenage members, who come into the country in the guise of university students.

[edit] HondurasReliable information from Honduras indicate formidable Albanian mafia activity. According to WikiLeaks reports, Albanian mafia groups are affiliated with various South American politicians, and have set in motion to move their hidden assets in various banks. The Wikileaks report goes on to state that Albanian Mafia groups are preying heavily in Central America, where all roads lead to Colombian Cocaine. Albanian mafia groups are laundering money through banks in Honduras and investing a large amount in construction projects to further gain influence in South America.[38]

Israeli Mafia

Israeli Mafia

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The Israeli mafia is the general term for organized crime groups operating in Israel and also internationally. Allegedly there are 16 crime families operating in Israel, five major groups active on the national level, and 11 smaller organizations. Many heads and members of the crime groups have either been killed or are in prison

Organized crime in IsraelThe major crime groups are the Abergils, the Abutbuls, the Alperons, the Dumranis, the Shirazis, the Amir Molnar and Zeev Rosenstein syndicatesThe illegal activities they are engaged in include:

Operating casinos and other forms of gambling inside and outside Israel
Prostitution and trafficking in women
Money Laundering
Protection and extortion rackets
Loan sharking
Drugs and arms dealing
Fencing stolen goods
Diamond smuggling
According to Israel’s former Police Commissioner David Cohen, Israeli crime organizations had penetrated the formal economic sector and local governments, and “equipped themselves with large quantities of combat means explosives and arms.” In a mob war starting in the early 2000s between the crime families, several crime bosses were killed. It also cost the life of innocent bystanders.

Ex-Soviet organized crimeEx-Soviet organized crime in Israel began with the mass immigration of Russian Jews to Israel in 1989. The Russian mafia saw Israel as an ideal place to launder money, as Israel’s banking system was designed to encourage aliyah, the immigration of Jews, and the accompanying capital. Following the trend of global financial deregulation, Israel had also implemented legislation aimed at easing the movement of capital. Combined with the lack of anti-money laundering legislation, “Russian” organised crime found it an easy place to transfer ill-gotten gains. In 2005, police estimated that Russian organised crime had laundered between $5 and 10 billion in the fifteen years since the end of the Soviet Union. Even non-Jewish criminals such as Sergei Mikhailov, sought to get an Israeli passport, using fake Jewish documentation.

The Israeli mafia in the United StatesIn the 1980s Israelis set up a crime syndicate headed by Johnny Attias in New York, dubbed the “Israeli mafia”. It pulled off the biggest gold heist in the history of Manhattan’s jewellery district, getting away with over $4 million in gold jewellery. Attias was murdered in January 1990, and New York’s Israeli mafia fell apart soon after. Several members among them Ron Gonen had turned informant and the authorities arrested the rest of the gang in September of that year.

Israeli crime organizations such as the Abergil crime family and Zeev Rosenstein are heavily involved in ecstasy trafficking in the United States. In a statement before Congress in 2000, officials with the U.S. Customs Service noted that “Israeli organized-crime elements appear to be in control” of the multibillion-dollar U.S. Ecstasy trade, “from production through the international smuggling phase”. The main drug supplier of former Gambino crime family underboss Sammy Gravano in his Arizona drug ring allegedly was New York based Israeli mobster Ilan Zarger, who allegedly distributed more than 1 million Ecstasy pills from May 1999 to May 2000 with a wholesale value of $7 million. He pleaded guilty to charges of running a drug gang that flooded Arizona and New York with almost four million Ecstasy pills over three years. Another Israeli, Oded Tuito, said to head one of the largest Ecstasy-smuggling organization, which imported millions of Ecstasy pills from Paris, Brussels and Frankfurt into New York, Miami and Los Angeles, was arrested in May 2001.

In 2006 Zeev Rosenstein was extradited to the U.S., after being arrested in Israel. He pleaded guilty before a federal court in Florida to charges that he distributed ecstasy pills and was sentenced to 12 years in prison which he serves in Israel. In January 2011, Yitzik and Meir Abergil and three other suspects were extradited to the U.S. They are facing a 77-page, 32-count federal indictment that alleges murder, massive embezzlement, money laundering, racketeering and running a large Los Angeles-based Ecstasy ring. The trial is set for November 8, 2011 in the Los Angeles Federal District Court

Indian Mafia

Indian Mafia

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The term Indian mafia refers to certain criminal organizations found in some of India’s major cities. The “Indian Mafia” also refer to powerful families that have criminal aspects to it

Mumbai underworldThe first of mafia elements, or syndicates, perhaps had their origins in the gambling and bootleg liquor dens set up by a pathan Ayub Khan Pathan alias Ayub Lala. He was the founder president of Pakhtun Jirga e Hind, an association of around 13,000 Afghani nationals settled in Bombay. Although Ayub Lala was labelled a mafia don, he had not even slapped a single person during his lifetime, to show off his muscle power. He controlled the gambling clubs mostly owned by marwaris, Muslim and gujrati operators and drug cartel including spurious liquor dens in Mumbai. Ayub Lala also owned a few KawaKhanas (a drink made from opium served with black tea) and Chandolkhanas (somewhat like hokkah parlours). He left Bombay after the murder of his own step son Kashmiri Lala handing over the reigns of all his activities to Karim lala who was earlier a vendor selling liquor at a den at Dongri in south Mumbai. in the 1940s.

Varadarajan Mudaliar, who rose to be a mafia don in Bombay was most active in the 1970s with Karim Lala and Haji Mastan. He enjoyed celebrity status and there are accounts that he even helped the needy and organized religious festivals. He is also considered to be India’s first celebrity criminal. The Tamil film Nayagan which is a biopic of him directed by Mani Ratnam even made it to the Time Magazine’s “All-Time 100 Best Films”. The film was remade in Hindi called Dayavan which was directed by Feroze Khan with Vinod Khanna in leading role as the don Varadarajan Mudaliar. Meanwhile Haji Mastan is understood to be the inspiration behind the movie Deewar which was directed by Yash Chopra with Amitabh Bachchan in the lead role as the don.

There was also a don named Rama Naik who hailed from Byculla a close associate of Bada Rajan and mentor of Arun Gavli. He reigned from 70 to 1987 when he was encountered on the behest of Dawood. Currently the biggest such underworld leader is Dawood Ibrahim. During his rise, Dawood Ibrahim was initially challenged by Karim Lala who eventually surrendered due to Dawood’s swift and shrewd moves that resulted in also eliminating members of Karim Lala’s family and his mob. Dawood was also challenged by the powerful Dholakia brothers (Mahesh and Arvind Dholakia) who masterminded the murder of Dawood’s key ally Babu Reshim in a daring raid inside a Mumbai police station where Babu Reshim was detained. Following this, Dawood had both Dholakia brothers assassinated (in separate incidents) and consequently became the supreme and unchallenged underworld king of Mumbai. Varadarajan Mudaliar and Haji Mastan quit all illegal activities by that time and maintained a low key presence.

In the illegal opium trade, the earliest dated mafia family was the Thane-based (Mumbai) Thanevale gang that was responsible for over 80% of the opium and heroin trafficking in the 1860s according to an article by Harkisondas Thanawala (1965).

[edit] ActivitiesIndia is a major transit point for heroin coming in from the Golden Triangle and Golden Crescent to Europe. India is also the world’s largest legal grower of opium, and experts estimate that 5–10% of the legal opium is converted into illegal heroin and 8–10% is consumed in high quantities as concentrated liquid. The pharmaceutical industry is also responsible for a lot of illegal production of mandrax, much of which is smuggled into South Africa. Diamond smuggling via South Africa is also a major criminal activity, and diamonds are also sometimes used to disguise shipments of heroin. Finally, a lot of money laundering takes place in the country, mostly through the use of the traditional hawala system, although India has criminalised money laundering as of 2003.

Bangalore underworldBangalore’s underworld dates back to the late 1960s, when Kodigehalli Mune Gowda became the first underworld don.In the beginning he controlled all of Bangalore, and his basic revenue source was hafta(protection money) from brothels and arrack shops. In the 1970s, Kotwal Ramachandra and Jayaraj entered the field. Wine shops, massage parlours, game parlours were added to the list. They had political affiliations.The scene changed in the 1980s and 1990s, when young Turks entered the field like Muthappa Rai, Agni Shridhar in 1990 to 1995 Boot House Kumar or Oil Kumar, Bekkina Kannu Rajendra, Srirampura Kitty, Jedarahalli Krishnappa, Pushpa, Kala Pathar and Ele Naga emerged.

At the same time, the underworld became active, with R V Devraj <rowdy turned politician> Abu Shair, Koli Fayaz, Tanvir, Ishtiyak, Sajjad, Nazir, hibbath, Tarakari Khaleel and Chappal Hamid. Bangalore was virtually a battleground, as these operators stretched their businesses to all possible revenue earning sectors.

Bangalore’s underworld scenario is very well depicted in blockbuster Kannada movie Om which has been remade in Telugu as Omkaaram’. Bollywood’s 1998 blockbuster Satya shares many similarities with Om, including the fact that both deal with criminal underworlds and each protagonist’s name is the same: Satya. The movie is considered controversial because of its violence and the portrayal of a lot of Bangalore underworld’s incidents. Many real underworld people acted in the movie, of which some convicts had to be bailed out just to act in this movie. Some of the infamous rowdies who acted in the film are Jedarahalli Krishnappa, Bekkina Kannu (Cat Eye) Raajendra, Korangu, and Tanveer.

Irish Mob

Irish Mob

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The Irish Mob is one of the oldest organized crime groups in the United States, in existence since the early 19th century. Originating in Irish American street gangs of the 19th century—depicted in Herbert Asbury’s 1928 book The Gangs of New York—the Irish Mob has appeared in most major American cities, including Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, Chicago and New Orleans.

Outside of Ireland itself, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom also have histories of Irish gang activities.

In the United States[edit] Boston[edit] ProhibitionBoston has a well-chronicled history of Irish mob activity, particularly in the heavily Irish-American neighborhoods like Somerville, Charlestown, South Boston (“Southie”), Dorchester and Roxbury where the earliest Irish gangsters arose during Prohibition. Frank Wallace of the Gustin Gang dominated Boston’s underworld until his death in 1931, when he was ambushed by Italian gangsters in the North End. Numerous gang wars between rival Irish gangs during the early and mid 20th century would contribute to their decline.

The Winter Hill GangThe Winter Hill Gang, a loose confederation of Boston-area organized crime figures, was one of the most successful organized crime groups in American history. It controlled the Boston underworld from the early 1960s until the mid 1990s. It derives its name from the Winter Hill neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts, north of Boston, and was founded by first boss James “Buddy” McLean.

While Winter Hill Gang members were alleged to have been involved with most typical organized crime related activities, they are perhaps best known for fixing horse races in the northeastern United States. Twenty-one members and associates, including Howie Winter and his right-hand man and bookkeeper, Salvatore Sperlinga, were indicted by federal prosecutors in 1979. The gang was then taken over by James J. “Whitey” Bulger and hitman Stephen Flemmi, both of whom were of Irish heritage.

Irish Mob WarThe Irish Mob War is the name given to conflicts throughout the 1960s between the two dominant Irish-American organized crime gangs in Massachusetts: the Charlestown Mob in Boston, led by brothers Bernard and Edward “Punchy” McLaughlin, and the Winter Hill Gang of Somerville (just north of Boston) headed by James “Buddy” McLean. It is widely believed that the war began when George McLaughlin tried to pick up the girlfriend of Winter Hill associate Alex “Bobo” Petricone, also known as actor Alex Rocco. McLaughlin was then beaten and hospitalized by two other Winter Hill members. Afterward, Bernie McLaughlin went to Buddy McLean for an explanation. When McLean refused to give up his associates, Bernie swore revenge but was soon killed by McLean in Charlestown City Square.

The war resulted in the eradication of the Charlestown Mob with its leaders, Bernie and Edward McLaughlin, and Stevie and Connie Hughes all having been killed. George McLaughlin, the one who started the war, was the only one who survived by being sent to prison. McLean was also killed, by Charlestown’s Hughes brothers, and leadership of The Winter Hill Gang was taken by his right hand man, Howie Winter. The remnants of the Charlestown Mob were then absorbed into the Winter Hill Gang, who were then able to become the dominant non-mafia gang in the New England area.

[edit] Recent yearsDuring the 1970s and 1980s, the FBI’s Boston office was largely infiltrated through corrupt federal agent John J. Connolly, by which Whitey Bulger was able to use his status as a government informant against his rivals (the extent of which would not be revealed until the mid to late 1990s). This scandal was the basis for the book Black Mass and served as the inspiration for the fictional film The Departed.[1]

New York[edit] Pre-prohibitionIrish-American street gangs such as the Dead Rabbits and Whyos dominated New York’s underworld for well over a century before facing competition from other, primarily recently arrived Italian and Jewish gangs, during the 1880s and 1890s. Although gang leaders such as Paul Kelly of the Five Points Gang would rise to prominence during the early 1900s, gangs such as the Hudson Dusters and the Gopher Gang would remain formidable rivals during the period.

In the early 1900s, with Italian criminal organizations, such as the Morello crime family, encroaching on the waterfront, various Irish gangs united to form the White Hand Gang. Although initially successful in keeping their Italian rivals at bay, unstable leadership and infighting would prove their downfall. The murders of Dinny Meehan, Bill Lovett, and Richard Lonergan led to the gang’s disappearance by 1925, and the waterfront was taken over by Italian mobsters Vincent Mangano, Albert Anastasia, and Joe Adonis.

ProhibitionDuring the early years of Prohibition, “Big” Bill Dwyer emerged among many in New York’s underworld as a leading bootlegger. However, following his arrest and trial for violation of the Volsted Act during 1925 and 1926, Dwyer’s former partners were split between Owney “The Killer” Madden, a former leader of the Gopher Gang, and Frank Costello against Jack “Legs” Diamond, “Little” Augie Pisano, Charles “Vannie” Higgins and renegade mobster Vincent “Mad Dog” Coll.

The WestiesThe Westies are an Irish American gang hailing from Hell’s Kitchen on the West Side of Manhattan, New York City.

The most prominent members have included Eddie McGrath, James Coonan, Mickey Featherstone, and Edward “Eddie The Butcher” Cummiskey. Coonan was imprisoned in 1986 under the RICO act, along with multiple charges of murder. Coonan had let his wife, Edna, become involved in his affairs, and she too was imprisoned. Mickey Featherstone became an informant after his arrest in the early 1980s.

Michael Spillane vs. James CoonanA power struggle between two factions for control of the Westies lasted from 1966 until 1977. Michael Spillane’s position as boss of Hell’s Kitchen was challenged by James Coonan, an up and coming gangster. There was a long history between Spillane and Coonan involving an affair between Spillane and Coonan’s mother. It is said that Coonan started the war by shooting up an apartment with Spillane in it. Coonan then started kidnapping Spillane’s associates, holding them for ransom or executing them.

In the 1970s, with Spillane’s organization already weakened by years of warfare with Coonan, a war started to brew between Spillane and the Genovese crime family over control of a construction site in Hell’s Kitchen. The Genovese family moved quickly, murdering Spillane’s top three lieutenants in 1976. This prompted Coonan to attempt a complete takeover of the Spillane organization by forming an alliance with Roy DeMeo of the Gambino crime family. The Genovese family decided that the Westies were too violent and well led to go to war with and thus mediated a truce via the Gambinos. The Westies were left in control of Hell’s Kitchen (paying 10% of their profits to the Gambinos), and the Genovese family were left in control of the construction site they wanted, paying part of the profits to the Westies.

Philadelphia

ProhibitionDaniel “Danny” O’Leary fought with Maxie Hoff over control of Philadelphia’s bootlegging throughout Prohibition.

Post-World War IIIn the years following World War II, the Northeast Philly Mob, also known as The K&A Gang, was the dominant Irish gang in the city’s underworld. A multi-generational organized crime group made up of predominantly Irish and Irish American gangsters, the Philly Mob originated from a youth street gang based around the intersections of Kensington and Allegheny, which grew in power as local hoods and blue collar Irish Americans seeking extra income joined its ranks. In time, the group expanded and grew more organized, establishing lucrative markets in gambling, loan sharking, and burglary.

The group shifted gears in the 1980s and expanded into neighborhoods beyond Kensington. It was during this time that Italian Mafioso Raymond Martorano and over 36 others were indicted for their alleged involvement in a large methamphetamine ring.

Chicago

ProhibitionThe successors of Michael Cassius McDonald’s criminal empire of the previous century, the Irish-American criminal organizations in Chicago were at their peak during Prohibition, specializing in bootlegging and highjacking. However, they would soon be rivaled by Jewish and Italian mobsters, particularly Al Capone and the Chicago Outfit.

The organizations existing before Prohibition – including the North Side Gang, which included Dion O’Banion, George “Bugs” Moran, and Louis “Two-Gun” Alterie; the Southside O’Donnell Brothers (led by Myles O’Donnell); the Westside O’Donnell’s; Ragen’s Colts; the Valley Gang; Roger Touhy; Frank McErlane; James “Big Jim” O’Leary; and Terry “Machine Gun” Druggan – all were in competition with Capone for control of the bootlegging market.

Other areas in the United States[edit] EastProvidence-based bootlegger Danny Walsh, an early member of the “Seven Group”, was known as one of the leading organized crime figures on the east coast until his disappearance in February 1933.
In New Jersey, Enoch L. Johnson, aka “Nucky,” was an Irish-American political boss in Atlantic City who controlled bootlegging, gambling, and prostitution. Became more widely known because of the HBO series Boardwalk Empire.

CentralIn Cleveland mobster Danny Greene fought for control of the city’s underworld against James Licavoli during the 1970s.
John Patrick Looney controlled bootlegging and extortion in Rock Island, Illinois until his eventual arrest, after a two year manhunt.
The Egan’s Rats ruled St. Louis’s criminal operations until the early 1930s.
Tom Dennison was the early-20th century political boss of Omaha, Nebraska. A politically savvy gambler, Dennison was in charge of the city’s gambling, bootlegging, and prostitution in the 1920s.

SouthGeorge Horace “Kid” McCoy held the Jefferson County and Shelby County, Alabama underworld under his control in the 1920s and 30s until Donald “Little Man” Popwell had McCoy killed on December 24, 1938 at a Christmas Party in Bessemer, Alabama.

In Birmingham, Alabama, Carlton C. “The General” Russell was named boss of the Celtics in Alabama by the New Orleans Commission. Not long after “The General” ordered a hit on Georgia’s Celtic Boss, Roy Sirus. The murder is currently a cold case file in the Fulton County Sheriff’s files. A Grand Jury failed to take action in the case (2002).
In Savannah, Georgia, Johnny Bouhan, an attorney, held significant influence over county and city government until the late 1960s. He was loosely allied with the Dixie Mafia but a falling-out after Bouhan’s death led to the arson of his law firm, Bouhan, Williams, and Levy. This was widely believed to be a retaliation for the law firm filing suit against a Toombs County, Georgia judge who was a leader in the Dixie Mafia.

NorthThe twin cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul have also been the base for several colorful Irish-American gangsters. During Prohibition, St. Paul’s underworld was ruled over by “Dapper” Danny Hogan prior to his murder in 1928. In Minneapolis, his equivalents were “Big” Ed Morgan and Thomas W. Banks.

Elsewhere in the world[edit] CanadaThe West End Gang, a primarily Irish criminal enterprise, is one of the three organizations that makes up Montreal’s “Consortium,” making it one of the most influential criminal organizations in Canada.

AustraliaIn Australia, Melbourne has a long history of Irish organized crime stemming from the poor Irish Catholic working classes. Many Melbourne trade unions have been infiltrated or brought under the mob’s control. Originating from waterfront workers in the Melbourne docklands after World War II, they controlled a large part of the drug trade until the old Painters and Dockers Union was disbanded in 1984. Since the late 1990s, the Moran family is one of the more powerful Irish crime families in Melbourne and allegedly played a significant role in the 1998-2006 Melbourne gangland killings.

United KingdomThe Clerkenwell crime syndicate, most often known as the Adams Family or the A-team by the British press, is alleged to be one of the most powerful criminal organisations in the United Kingdom if not in fact the strongest .
The Noonan family is a criminal group in Manchester headed by Dominic Noonan.

Russian Mafia

Russian Mafia

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Territory International, strongholds in former Soviet states; extensive operations in European Union, Middle East, the United States
Ethnicity Primarily Russians, Ukrainians, Chechens, Georgians, Azerbaijanis, Armenians, etc.
Criminal activities Money laundering, extortion, arms trafficking, cybercrime, human trafficking, prostitution, drug trafficking, arson, counterfeiting, fraud, and larceny

The Russian MafiaRusskaya Mafiya) is a name applied to organized crime syndicates in Russia and Ukraine. The mafia in various countries take the name of the country, as for example the Ukrainian mafia.

Bratva slang for “brotherhood”, which applies to all gangs, including rivals) is a name designating a range of organized crime syndicates originating in the former Soviet Union, Russia and the CIS. Since the August 19–December 26, 1991 fall of the Soviet Union, these groups have amassed considerable worldwide power and influence.They are active in virtually every part of Russian society.Russian criminals are internationally active in the illegal oil trade, human trafficking, drug trafficking, smuggling of weapons and money laundering. In December 2009, Timur Lakhonin, the head of the Russian National Central Bureau of Interpol, stated: “Certainly, there is crime involving our former compatriots abroad, but there is no data suggesting that an organized structure of criminal groups comprising former Russians exists abroad”.

History

Origins

Organized crime has existed in Russia since the days of the Czars in Imperial Russia in the form of banditry and thievery but it could trace its roots even earlier. In the Soviet period vory v zakone or “thieves in law” (understood as “bound by code”) emerged. This class of criminals had to abide by certain rules in the prison system. One such rule was that cooperation with the authorities of any kind was forbidden. During World War II some prisoners made a deal with the government to join the armed forces in return for a reduced sentence, but upon their return to prison they were attacked and killed by inmates who remained loyal to the rules of the thieves. During the era when the Soviet economy took a downhill turn, the Vory would take control of the black market with the help of corrupt officials, supplying products such as electronics or delicatessen during the Brezhnev era which were hard to reach for the ordinary Soviet citizen.

Fall of the Soviet UnionThe real breakthrough for criminal organizations began in 1988, when the Soviet Union legalised private entrepreneurship, allowing free trade. However the new law said nothing about regulations and security of market economy. Crude markets started forming, the most notorious being the Rizhsky market where prostitution rings were run next to the Rizhsky Railway Station in Moscow. As the Soviet Union headed for its collapse, so too did the economy and resulted in a social decay. Desperate for money, many former government workers turned to crime, others joined the former Soviet citizens who moved overseas, and the Russian Mafia became a natural extension of this trend. Former KGB agents, sportsmen and veterans of the Afghan and First and Second Chechen Wars, now finding themselves out-of-work but with experience in areas which could prove useful in crime, joined the increasing crime wave.Widespread corruption, poverty and distrust of authorities only contributed to the rise of organized crime. Contract killings, bombings and kidnappings reached an all-time high with many gangland murders taking place, a substantial number remaining unsolved. By the mid-1990s it was believed that the Ukrainian born Semion Mogilevich had become in charge of finance for some Russian Mafia syndicates ( Solntsevskaya bratva), and described by the FBI as “one of the most dangerous men in the world”. By 1993 almost all banks in Russia were owned by the mafia, and 80% of businesses were paying protection money. In that year, 1400 people were murdered in Moscow, crime members killed businessmen who would not pay money to them, as well as reporters, politicians, bank owners and others opposed to them. The new criminal class of Russia took on a more Westernized and businesslike approach to organized crime as the more code-of-honor based Vory faded into extinction.

Lubyanka Criminal Group BookLubyanka Criminal Group (also translated as The Gang from Lubyanka) is a book by Alexander Litvinenko about the alleged transformation of the Russian Security Services into a criminal and terrorist organization. Lubyanka is known as KGB headquarters. In the book, Litvinenko claims that Russian prime minister Vladimir Putin and other FSB officers have been involved in organized crime, including covering up drug traffic from Afghanistan.

Internationalization

The former Soviet Bloc’s opening up to the world and the internationalization of its economy also gave the Russian mafia connections to other criminal organizations around the world such as the Chinese Triads or the Sicilian Cosa Nostra. Connections with Latin American drug cartels allowed the Russian mafia to import cocaine into the country.[15] Vyacheslav “Yaponchik” Ivankov was the first major ethnically Russian organized crime figure prosecuted by the U.S. government, running his extortion operations out of Brighton Beach Brooklyn.[16] Russian organized crime has spread to many other countries as well including Israel, India,[17] Hungary, South Africa, Spain,[18] Thailand[19] and the United Kingdom.

[edit] Individual gangsRussian Mafia gangs are typically called “bratki”, “bratva” meaning “brotherhood” in Russian.

The Solntsevskaya Bratva, or Solntsevskaya brotherhood from Izmaylovo District) was considered one of the country’s most important and oldest Russian Mafia groups in Moscow and also had a presence in Tel Aviv, Berlin, Paris, Toronto, Miami and New York City. It was founded during the 1980s under the leadership of Oleg Ivanov and was estimated to consist of about 200 active members (according to other data of 300–500 people). In principle, the organization was divided into two separate bodies—Izmailovskaya and Gol’yanovskaya  which utilized quasi-military ranks and strict internal discipline. It was involved extensively in murder-for-hire, extortions], and infiltration of legitimate businesses.

The Tambov Gang  of Saint Petersburg.

The Potato Bag Gang, a manifestation of the Odessa Mafia, was a gang of con artists from Odessa that operated in New York City’s Soviet emigre community in the Brighton Beach area of New York City in the mid-1970s.

The Orekhovskaya gang

was a criminal organization based in Moscow] active between the late 1980s and early 1990s.
The Mkhedrioni was a paramilitary group involved in organised crime led by thief-in-law Jaba Ioseliani in 1990s Georgia.
Armenian Power, or AP-13, is a California based street gang and crime syndicate tied to Russian and Armenian organised crime.
The Brothers’ Circle operates in the Middle East, Africa, Latin America, and the United States of America, according to US Department for Treasury officials. Vladislav Leontyev is considered the most important figure in the group.
Throughout the former Sovjet Union, Europe as well as North America there are organized criminal gangs consisting of ethnic Russians, Russian/Ukrainian Jews and Belarusian Jews, Georgians ( including Svans, Mingrelians, Adjarians and Georgian Jews), Chechens, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Dagestanis, Kyrgyzstanis, Uzbeks, Uyghurs, Yezidi Kurds, Abkhazians, Ossetians, Volga Germans, Lithuanians, Estonians, Moldovans, Ingushetians, Turkmens, Tajiks and Russian Romani people. The term Russian Mafia is sometimes incorrectly used as a colloquial term for all of these gangs.