ISIS Islamic State – AL Qaeda and Islam in Southern Mexico, Latin America
ISIS Islamic State – AL Qaeda and Islam in Southern Mexico, Latin America
The Border Brothers prison gang was founded in 1989 in Tijuana, Mexico by habitual criminal Sergio Gonzalez-Martinez. The gang spread across the border into San Diego and then into the California prison system in 1990 where they began recruiting other incarcerated Mexican nationals. By 1994 the Border Brothers were numbered in the hundreds with chapters reaching all over the state.
Paroled Border Brother gang members began jockeying for power in the streets of San Diego, Los Angeles, Fresno and Oakland. By doing so the gang made made bitter enemies with a deadly Salvadorian gang called the Mara Salvatrucha and other California gangs. The gangs enemies didn’t end there and in 1998 the Border Brothers became locked in a bloody prison gang war with the Barrio Azteca gang inside federal prisons.
GANG PROFILE Symbols: BB, XXII, Aztec sun with flames and the head of an Aztec Jaguar Knight in center with the letters BB above Ranking structure: Paramilitary Territory: California, Arizona, Nevada, Denver and Tijuana Mexico Alliances: 81st Street gang, PRM (Partido Revolucionario Mexicano) Members: 10,000 Racial make up: Hispanic Threat: Moderate
BORDER BROTHERS ARE TARGETED BY PRISON GANGS Soon after the Border Brothers declared itself a prison gang in 1994, established prison gangs such as the Nuestra Familia, Barrio Azteca and Black Guerrilla Family refused to recognize the new gangs sovereignty and declared war on the gang. This war did little to dismantle the up and coming Border Brothers since the gang had already grown in the thousands. In 1998, the Border Brothers became even more powerful when it formed an alliance with the PRM (Partido Revolucionario Mexicano), a large prison gang that originated in Texas.
BORDER BROTHERS CHAIN OF COMMAND The Border Brothers are comprised of two distinct branches, the prison gang and the street gang. The Border Brothers prison gang operates under a paramilitary structure of president, vice president, generals, lieutenants, sergeants and soldiers, while the Border Brother street gang is loosely organized.
BORDER BROTHERS CHRONOLOGIES OF EVENTS
In 1989, the Border Brothers is founded in the streets of Tijuana, Mexico. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In 1990, the Border Brothers spreads into southern and northern California. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In 1993, “The Cat” Carlos quits the Border Brothers gangs and joins the Guardian Angels to help stop gang violence was once a member of the Mexican gang Border Brothers. (Associated Press)
In 1994, the Border Brothers establishes itself in the California and Arizona prison system. (Gang Intelligence 101)
March 1996, Border Patrol agents nab Border Brother gang member Eulogio Soriano-Vasquez, 30, after he attempts to smuggle narcotics across the Mexico / Arizona border. (Associated Press)
In 1998, members of the PRM (Partido Revolucionario Mexicano) assist the Tijuana, Mexico based Border Brother’s gang in a riot against the Barrio Azteca gang inside a federal penitentiary. Tension erupts and both gangs fail to settle the dispute. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In early 2005, Barrio Azteca members brutally murder a member of the rival Border Brothers gang inside a Mexican prison in Juarez Mexico. (Associated Press)
In 2007, members of the Border Brothers murder Sur-13 member Ulises Pineda in Oakland, California. 90 minutes later the Sureno gang retaliates by murdering Border Brother member 32-year-old Nester Molina. (Associated Press
On April 3, 2007, members of the Border Brothers shoot and murder two Norteno gang members in Oakland, California. (Associated Press)
On May 9, 2007, four Border Brothers gang are charged in the murder of a 23-year-old pregnant woman who was walking near members of an enemy gang the suspects were trying to shoot. (Associated Press)
The Northern Structure gang, also known as the Nortenos 14, was founded in 1984, by incarcerated northern California offenders. The gang consists of united gang members from violent northern California street gangs such as Varrio Santa Rosa Norte, Pachuco Loco, Varrio South Park, West Side Windsor, Brown Pride Norteño and several others. Northern Structure is governed by the violent Nuestra Familia prison gang which controls most of San Francisco, Castroville, Salinas, Greenfield, Petaluma, and Fremont’s narcotics trade. The gang is known for committing violent crimes such as murder, home invasions and car jacking. The Northern Structure has increased in size after the Nuestra Familia became the FBI’s #1 target in 1995.
GANG PROFILE Symbols: “N”, “14”, “XIV”, “X4”, “NORTE”, “NORTEÑO”, ENE Ranking structure: Paramilitary Territory: Northern California Alliances: Nuestra Raza, most street gangs in northern California. Members: 10,000 Racial make up: Hispanic, African-American, White, Asian, and Pacific Islander Threat: Moderate
NORTHERN STRUCTURE’S TIES WITH LA NUESTRA FAMILIA The Northern Structure is a sub group of the Nuestra Familia and carry out most of the NF’s dirty work. Nuestra Familia leaders decided to organize a structure division called “Nuestra Raza”, more commonly known as “Northern Structure”. The new branch would serve as a prospect base for those interested in joining Nuestra Familia. Northern Structure prospects would have to earn membership into NF by following the gang’s orders. Gang hits were always handed down to Northern Structure prospects and gave wanna be’s the opportunity of proving themselves to the NF. Before a sponsored prospect can qualify as a member of the NF, the offender must gain knowledge of the gang’s constitution officially known as the “XIV Bonds”. The Northern Structure became the ears of the senior Nuestra Familia and was required to deal drugs for its father hierarchy. Northern Structure sold drugs in the streets and brought in funds for ranking NF members behind bars.
NORTHERN STRUCTURE CHRONOLOGIES OF EVENTS In 1984, the Northern Structure is formed in California’s Pelican Bay prison. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In November 2002, Northern Structure members invade the Modesto, CA home of Kerry and Elizabeth MacDougall and murder their Fourteen-year-old son Daniel MacDougall in an apparent robbery.(People v. Barragan, C049845 (Cal. App. 9/17/2008)
In March 2004, Northern Structure members Ricardo Arana and Senituli Penisoni brutally murder Ortega Barnes and attempt to murder Donald Prince, Dellory Crooks and Ray Porter in East Palo Alto, California. (People v. Arana, A115257 (Cal. App. 9/22/2008)
On August 28, 2005, Northern Structure members murder Raul Ruiz. (People v. Fregoso, F050895 (Cal. App. 4/28/2008)
In May, 26, 2007, 22, Northern Structure members are arrested by FBI officials on high intensity drug trafficking charges. (Associated Press)
The Mexikanemi, sometimes confused with the Mexican Mafia was founded by San Antonio natives Heriberto “Herb” Huerta and Jose Lopez in 1984. Heriberto Huerta came up with the scheme for the mafia style gang and organized it along the outline of La Cosa Nostra, the New York Italian Mafia. The prison gang is a powerful and operates in both prisons across the nation and the streets. The gang is involved in crimes such as drug trafficking, murder, extortion, robbery and loan sharking. The gang is highly organized and operates under a strict paramilitary structure. There is an estimated 17,000 Mexikanemi members in cities across the U.S. and Mexico.
GANG PROFILE Symbols: Aztec Double-Headed Serpent, EME, 13, Merecido. Ranking structure: Paramilitary Territory: San Antonio, Austin, Laredo, Corpus Christi, Rio Grande Valley, Los Angeles CA, and small chapters across the United States and southern Mexico. . Alliances: none Members: 17,000 Racial make up: Hispanic Threat: High
MEXIKANEMI POWER STRUCTURE The structure of the Mexikanemi is comprised of three components, the members, prospects, and associates. There are also descending ports of lieutenants, sergeants and solders in the organization. These are the back bone, the doers of the deadly organization who set up the Mesa’s (the boards) which are controlling boards on the prison main lines. These boards’ members are in charge of organizing most of Mexican Mafia activity. The Mexikanemi require its members to remain loyal to the gang and vow to do so for life. Homosexuality is prohibited and so is drug abuse.
MEXIKANEMI IN PRISON The Mexikanemi rapidly multiplied in Texas after a war erupted between the Mexikanemi and the Texas Syndicate. The Texas Syndicate, which was the states only Hispanic prison gang refused to accept the Mexikanemi. While the Texas Syndicate was known for extorting nonmember Hispanics, the Mexikanemi claimed to offer all Mexican American inmates who joined their gang full protection. As a result the Mexikanemi became popular, particularly with offenders from San Antonio. The war between these two prison gangs went on for 7 years, with as many as 100 murders from both sides. The Mexikanemi and Texas Syndicate decided to settle a truce in 1988 after new prison gangs such as the Barrio Azteca and Raza Unida were emerging into the scene. Feeling that the Barrio Azteca had no right in using the Mexikanemi’s Aztlan ideology, they demanded that the Barrio Azteca change its name. The Azteca’s took great offense to their request and responded attacking dozens of Mexikanemi members across the state. The Mexikenemi retaliated by ordering the murder of 2 Barrio Azteca members at the Clemens unit in Brazoria, TX and in a federal prison in 1990. A truce between both rival gangs was made in 1997 under the condition that both gangs renew their peace treaty every year on May 5th.
THE MEXIKANEMI’S DRUG ENTERPRISE The Mexikanemi are in alliance with the Gulf cartel and control the drug trade of both Laredo and San Antonio. The Gulf Cartel sells narcotics to the Mexikanemi at discount prices as well as hires the ruthless Mexikanemi as hit men. In recent years the Mexikanemi has experienced a power struggle within its ranks and as a result has carried out dozens of execution style murders of its own members in the San Antonio area. Dozens of high ranking members of the prison gang have recently been charged for these homicides, as well as drug are trafficking and money laundering. Bexar County narcotics detectives made a recent drug bust on the cities west side. Detectives seized over 300,000 of black tar heroin at the home of 54 year old Juan Gomez, a high ranking member of the Mexikanemi. The drugs were stashed in PVC pipes hidden in the ceiling of the heavily fortified house. When questioned about the drugs, Juan Gomez refused to corporate with law enforcement agents, nor did he admit being a member of the Mexikanemi.
THE DIME While drug trafficking and robbery are the some of the prison gangs sources of income, extortion make up most of the gang’s profits. Mexikanemi foot soldiers are ordered to collect 10% off each non member drug dealer and turn in the money to Mexikanemi leaders. The “dime” as it’s called is used to support members in prison.
MEXIKANEMI INFORMANTS Using gang informants to receive intelligence about the organizations clandestine structure has been an effective tactic for law enforcement official. Some gang members are willing to cooperate in return of leniency when faced with heavy felony charges. One such informant was Rene Enriquez, a former high ranking member of the Mexikanemi. Enriquez, a Lieutenant of the gang, had been involved with the Mexikanemi for 17 years and was in charge of utilizing the gangs trust account and distributing those funds to members in the prison unit he was in charge of. He explained how he was in charge of appointing non ranking members in the streets the special task of providing his girlfriend with funds generated by drug trafficking. Enriquez’s girlfriend would then mail the money via money order into Enriquez’s prison trust fund account. It is common for gang members to trick their wives or girlfriends into doing this without telling them what they are doing is a serious crime. Such deception comes easy for Mexikanemi members since the loyalty to their organization comes first.
MEXIKANEMI VS OREJON CONFLICT The Mexikanemi is currently under going a conflict with a group called “Los Orejones”. Los Orejones, which is basically an unorganized structure of prison inmates from San Antonio, consider them selves non gang members. Inmates from San Antonio were once forcefully obligated to assist the Mexikanemi in conducting gang related crimes.
MEXIKANEMI CHRONOLOGIES OF EVENTS
The Mexikanemi, sometimes confused with the Mexican Mafia was founded by San Antonio natives Heriberto “Herb” Huerta and Jose Lopez in 1984. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In 1983, the Texas Syndicate refuses to recognize the Mexikanemi as a prison gang and declares war. Over 80 gang members are killed in an 8 year battle for control. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In 1988, the Mexikanemi declare war on the Barrio Azteca after tensions arise over a fight between both gangs in a Coffield unit recreation yard. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In 1990, the Mexikanemi and Texas Syndicate agree on a truce. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In 1992, Mexikanemi members murder a Barrio Azteca member at the Clemens unit in Brazoria, Texas. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In December 1994 Mexikanemi members murder Richard Bracknell El Paso County jail. Bracknall, a former Mexikanemi member is beat and strangled to death because he did not follow gang rules. (El Paso Times)
In 1995, 2 members of the Aryan Circle are stabbed by the Mexikanemi in a prison yard fight at the J.B. Connally unit in Kenedy, Texas.
On February 14, 1996, the Texas based Mexikanemi and California Mexican Mafia declare war on each other after members of the Mexican Mafia stab 2 members of the Mexikanemi at the United States Penitentiary in Florence, Colorado. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In December of 1996, The Aryan Circle and Mexikanemi agree on a peace treaty over a war that resulted in 13 murders in units across Texas.
On June of 1997, the Mexikanemi and Barrio Azteca settle a peace agreement and organize a commission called “La Mesa Grande” at the Cofield unit between high ranking members of the Mexikanemi, Texas Syndicate and Barrio Azteca. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In August 1997, Mexikanemi members raid the house of a drug dealer who refused to pay the gang 10% of their drug earnings. Five people are blindfolded, bound with duct tape and shot repeatedly execution style. (Associated Press)
On January 29, 1998, leaders of the Mexikanemi and Mexican Mafia declared peace with each other. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In 1998, another federal indictment results in the conviction of Mexikanemi General Robert “Beaver” Perez. Perez is sentenced to death for 19 execution style murders committed in 1994 – 1997.
In November 1999, Mexikanemi members raid the house of Juanita Ybarra, then strangle her to death with a telephone cord. A contract was put on her life after she refused to pay the Mexikenemi a 10% cut of her marijuana dealing profits. Vasquez v State, 67 S.W.3d 229 (Tex. Crim. App., 2002)
In 1999, the Mexikanemi declares war on the Raza Unida over a conflict involving drugs in the streets of Corpus Christi, Texas. A member of the Raza Unida is brutally murdered at the Connally unit in Kenedy, Texas by Mexikanemi members. (Gang Intelligence 101)
On September 14, 2000, members of the HPL “Hermandad Pistoleros Latinos” murder Mexikanemi member Adrian Torres in San Antonio, Texas over a cocaine deal gone bad. Saenz v. State, 131 S.W.3d 43 (TX, 2003)
In 2000, both the Mexikanemi and Raza Unida settle on a truce after 1 year of war fare. (Gang Intelligence 101)
On March 1, 2001, Mexikanemi members in the Michael Unit of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice kill inmate Rogelio Garza for stealing money and heroin from the gang. Loredo v. State, No. 12-06-00287-CR (Tex. App. 8/22/2007) (Tex. App., 2007)
In July of 2004, Federal investigators freeze the prison trust fund accounts of Mexikanemi founder Heriberto “Herb” Huerta and vice president Benito “Viejito” Alonzo. Officials suspect that the $23,000 both gang members had in their trust fund was money raised from illegal activity.
On August 2004 Bexar County Sheriff detectives arrest 26 Mexikanemi members and associates on federal drug, firearms and money laundering charges. (Associated Press)
On January 15, 2005, two members of the Mexikanemi are arrested in Laredo, Texas for the brutal murders of Roberto Patino and Enrique Botello. The killers reportedly kidnapped the victims, gunned them down, and then burned their bodies in the trunk of a car. The prison gang ordered the murders in retaliation for money owed by the victims. Gallardo v. State, No. 4-06-00057-CR (Tex. App. 7/25/2007) (Tex. App., 2007)
On March 2007, Robert “Beaver” Perez, leader of the Mexikanemi is executed by the state of Texas for his involvement of over 19 gang related murders. (Associated Press)
In early 2008, a mass grave is discovered in an Atascosa County ranch and law enforcement officials link the murders to the Mexikanemi. (San Antonio Express News)
In 2008, dozens of Mexikanemi leaders are arrested on racketeering charges that involve more than 20 execution style murders in San Antonio, Austin and Atascosa County. (San Antonio Express News)
In 2007, Mexikanemi member Robert Anthony Martinez Perez is scheduled for lethal injection for his role in the 1994 execution style murder of fellow member Luis “Blue” Adames. The killing came as a result of a power struggle with in higher ranks of the gang. (San Antonio Express News)
The Syndicato Nuevo Mexico, also known as the New Mexico Syndicate, was founded in 1979 by Hispanic inmates in Albuquerque, New Mexico’s Bernalillo County Detention Center. The prison gang spread into the New Mexico prison system in 1980 soon after the bloody New Mexico State Penitentiary riot in Santa Fe.
GANG PROFILE Symbols: New Mexico sun symbol, SNM, 505 Ranking structure: Paramilitary Territory: Albuquerque, New Mexico and surrounding area Alliances: 18th Street, San Jose and Los Padillas gang Members: 3,000 Racial make up: Hispanic/ Native American Threat: Moderate
NEW MEXICO SYNDICATE GANG STRUCTURE The organized prison gang operates under a rank “Panel” of Generals who issue out orders to foot soldiers. When members of the SNM are released from prison they are required to tax Rio Rancho and Bernalillo county area drug dealers a percentage of their drug profits. Albuquerque street gangs such as the 18th Street, San Jose and Los Padillas assist the New Mexico Syndicate and are often recruited into the prison gang. Known rivals of the SNM are “Los Carnales” and “Barrio Azteca.”
NEW MEXICO SYNDICATE DECLARE WAR ON BARRIO AZTECA The New Mexico Syndicate declared war on the Texas based Barrio Azteca after the Azteca’s took control of the southern New Mexico drug trade. Clashes between both violent prison gangs have been reported in state and federal prisons across the nation.
NEW MEXICO SYNDICATE DRUG ENTERPRISE Law enforcement officials are currently cracking down methamphetamines hubs run by both the New Mexico Syndicate and Banditos motorcycle gang. The New Mexico Syndicate control Albuquerque’s heroin and cocaine market and use local street gangs to distribute their drugs.
SNM CHRONOLOGIES OF EVENTS
In 1979, The Syndicato Nuevo Mexico, also known as the New Mexico Syndicate, is founded in Albuquerque, New Mexico’s Bernalillo County Detention Center.
On April 1, 1986, New Mexico Syndicate members murder Los Carnales member Bobby “Barbershop” Garcia and prison guard Louis Jewett. (Trujillo v. Sullivan, 815 F.2d 597 (C.A.10 (N.M.), 1987)
In 1998, Los Carnales members strangle a New Mexico Syndicate to death at the old Santa Fe Downtown jail. (Gang Intelligence 101)
On July 5, 1998, New Mexico Syndicate member Manuel Benito, 32, murders fellow SNM member Felix Steve “Animal” Martinez in the Bernalillo County Detention Center
On Aug. 27, 2000, New Mexico Syndicate member Francisco Villalobos, 32 murders police informant Matthew Cavalier inside Bernalillo County Detention Center. (Associated Press)
On December 07, 2004, the New Mexico Syndicate are hammered by police when Gov. Bill Richardson approves a $2 million plan to dismantle New Mexico gangs. (Associated Press)
The Texas Syndicate (Spanish: Syndicato Tejano) is a mostly Texas-based prison gang that includes Hispanic and at one time, White (non-Hispanic) members. The Texas Syndicate, unlike La Eme or Nuestra Familia, has been more associated or allied with Mexican immigrant prisoners, known as “border brothers”, while La Eme and the NF tend to be more composed of US-born/raised Hispanics.
It was established in the 1970s at Folsom Prison in California in direct response to the other California prison gangs (notably the Aryan Brotherhood and Mexican Mafia), which were attempting to prey on native Texas inmates. Los Zetas cartel has been known to hire US gangs such as the Texas Syndicate and MS-13 to carry out contract killings.
As of 2000, some minority reports claim the Texas Syndicate had about 19,000 members in prisons and jails state-wide with more on the outside, however such numbers are often inflated and include inmates only marginally connected with the gang as well as ex-cons, most of whom do not remain actively involved. Around 8,126 Hispanic members operate across Texas, including specific reportings in the Coffield Unit, about 60 miles southwest of Tyler, and at the Allred prison unit outside of Wichita Falls. However, they still maintain their headquarters in California, where their national president resides, and their numbers continue to reach into state and federal prisons across the US. They have been reported in the Federal Correctional Institute at Oakdale, Louisiana and in San Quentin, California with frequency. As a street gang, heavy activity has been reported in Austin, Corpus Christi, the Rio Grande Valley and the Dallas Fort Worth area in Texas.
The organization at one time did allow non-Hispanic members to join, but in the 1980s reversed this policy.
Logan Heights Gang is now in the Philippines (Filipinas)
The Logan Heights gang was established in Southeast San Diego during the 1960s, when several individual Mexican-American street gangs from the neighborhoods of Barrio Logan, Logan Heights, and Memorial unified. Currently the gang is composed of four main subsets (Red Steps, 30th Street, 33rd Street, Logan Heights 13) that operate within these neighborhoods. There is also a small subset called Logan Heights Clicka that operates within the Colina del Sol neighborhood of the City Heights district in San Diego.
Although they are based in San Diego, the influence of the gang has spread to other cities in the United States (Los Angeles, Las Vegas, Denver, Minneapolis, and Lakewood, Washington) and to Tijuana, Mexico. Membership is not restricted to Mexican-Americans, and the gang has included Mexican nationals, members from other Hispanic cultures, Native Americans, and whites.
The Logan Heights gang has been an allied to the Tijuana Cartel (Arellano-Félix Organization) over the Tijuana smuggling route to the border city of San Diego, California. The alliance between Tijuana cartel and the gang began On November 8, 1992 when Hector Palma Salazar struck out against the Tijuana Cartel at a disco in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, where eight Tijuana Cartel members were killed in the shootout, the Arellano-Félix brothers having successfully escaped from the location with the assistance of Logan Heights gangster David ”D” Barron.
In retaliation, the Logan Heights and the Tijuana Cartel attempted to set up Mexican drug lord “chapo” Guzmán at Guadalajara airport on May 24, 1993. In the shootout that followed, six civilians were killed by the hired gunmen from the gang. The deaths included that of Roman Catholic Cardinal Juan Jesús Posadas Ocampo. The church hierarchy originally believed Ocampo was targeted as revenge for his strong stance against the drug trade. However, Mexican officials believe Ocampo just happened to be caught in cross fire. The Cardinal arrived at the airport in a white Mercury Grand Marquis town car, known to be popular amongst drug barons, making it a target. Intelligence received by Logan Heights gang leader David ”D” Barron was that Guzmán would be arriving in a white Mercury Grand Marquis town car. This explanation, however, is often countered due to Ocampo having been wearing a long black cassock and large pectoral cross, as well as him sharing no similarity in appearance with Guzmán and having been gunned down from only two feet away.
The Logan Heights gang also has close ties to the Tijuana Cartel and Mexican Mafia. Enemies of the gang include several San Diego County gangs (most notably Barrio Sherman, Varrio Shelltown, and Old Town National City), and gangs from North Hollywood, Los Angeles.