Filipino Gangs in the Philippines

Filipino Gangs

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Filipino Gangs are present in the Philippine Islands and Internationally, most of these are located in the United States of America (California primarily). There is a very large number of Filipino street gangs in the Philippines and United States, Organised crime is also known to exist between a number of gangs.

About

In general, their are gangs located in the Philippines that deal in organised crime, and follow a general hierarchy. These gangs can be linked to certain families or barkadas (groups). A number of gangs are known to deal in illegal narcotics, some known criminal activities include home invasion, kidnapping and torture, extortion, arson, grand theft auto, robberies, sale of illegal narcotics, battery assault, shootings and numerous known & unknown homicides. Some gangs are so largely spread out among the island nation, that it is hard to keep track of the various branch’s, this is evident in one of the largest and most infamous gangs among the Philippine Islands, known as the “SSC” gang also known as the “Sigue-Sigue Comando”. Filipino gangs are also known to be located in parts of Europe and Asia, the Middle East, Australia, New Zealand and primarily in the United States, Mexico, and Canada.

Philippines A number of gangs in the Philippines are known to be active around the nation, the majority being centered in Manila, with locations in and around the general Metro Manila region. One of the most infamous areas in the City is Tondo, Manila. Tondo is known to be the “Hub” of Gangs in the region, with the majority of street gangs being located in this district.

Apart from a very large number of local street gangs, there are a number of organized gangs among the Philippines.

True Brown Style 13

True Brown Style 13 “Vera Indio Istilo at Trese” (TBS 13) is one of The most infamous & largest street gangs in the Philippines because of its crime related activities throughout the country. Murder, homicide, illegal drug trade, and home invasions is their primary criminal activities. The TBS 13 gang originated from San Diego, California, USA. Filipina-mexicanas deportees brought the gangs name and formed a clique in the Philippines. The clique which started in the Philippines was exclusively for females. But as the gang grew, the former female members accepted male members to join the gang, and those members made the gang infamous in the Philippines. True Brown Style 13 is the most popular Gang in the Philippines.Their colors are Red,Blue & Black their Sets are either Blood or Crip. Other True Brown Style 13 Hoods are connected with Bloods & Crips in the USA.

Filipino Mafia

The Kuratong Baleleng was an organized crime syndicate that once was an anti-communist vigilante group. They were known nationwide due to their end in an alleged shootout with the Police on May 1995 in Quezon City.[1]

For most Filipinos, the Kuratong Baleleng is that notorious group of bank robbers that met a bloody end in a supposed shootout with the police one May morning in 1995 in Quezon City. But down in Ozamiz City, in northwestern Mindanao, Kuratong is said to be well-loved — and well-connected, even if no one denies that it is a criminal syndicate.[1]

Armed with assorted type of high powered firearms and operates in the cities of Ozamis,Cagayan De Oro, Pagadian and Dipolog, and other neighboring cities and municipalities in Mindanao (in southern Philippines), Cebu in Visayas (in Central Philippines), and Metro Manila in Luzon (in northern Philippines). The group is engaged in robbery/hold-up, carnapping, illegal drugs trafficking, smuggling of rice and sugar, Human smuggling, Gun Running, Extortion, Loan sharking, prostitution, illigal gambling, murder for hire, Protection rackets from Politicians,Businessmen and Drug dealers.[1]

The members of the group are on the “BISAYA” speaking christians, no accurate estimation of the groups number since it has never been infiltrated and fear has become Kuratong Baleleng’s most effective weapon.The Kuratong baleleng is the most well organized crime gang in the Philippines, it was rumored that some criminal gangs such as Abu sayyaf got killed without any permission to operate from the Kuratong Baleleng Bosses. “They have no qualms in killing perceived enemies,” says a local journalist who asked not to be named. “They are untouchables.” This perception is fueled by the fact that authorities refuse to even investigate criminal activities allegedly perpetrated by the group. The gang also has business ties with other ASIAN gangs such as Japanese YAKUZA and The Chinese Triads and the Russian Mafia. The Kuratong baleleng is also known for supplying rebels such as the NPA and Abu sayyaf groups.It was also rumored that the organization has gone International, and not online in the Philippines but, also some neighboring parts of the nation such as Malaysia, Indonesia, Hong Kong, singapore and even Saudi Arabia and Middle east.

Joining this gang is not easy since this is a highly organized crime syndicate and most members are Family associated by blood. The gang organization are consist of BOSSES these bosses are known as “PAPA” manong or Ninong the Head Boss or the father of the Family or Clan which comprise of the underboss the second in command. The Next are the “KUYA or MANOY” Big brother or the CAPTAIN. Each Captains consists of Soldiers or “Sondalo” these sondalo are the one’s who always do the dirty works for the BOSSES. The Gang is hard to infiltrate and for that matter has never ever been infiltrated since the gang has bigtime protection such as former Generals ,Former mayors and former military people.[1]

Akyat Bahay Gang

The Akyat Bahay Gang is known as a violent home invasion-oriented gang which also has a history with drug dealing. [2]

Bahala Na Gang

The Bahala Na Gang (“Come What May”) is one of the most notorious of Filipino Gangs, they were established among inmates in the notorious jails of the Philippines in the early 1940s and eventually spread its operations throughout the globe. The gang is known to have chapters in North and Latin America as well as Europe alongside their Philippine presence. A tattoo of a Question Mark (?) located on any part of the body is a mark of the infamous Filipino gang. The Bahala Gang, despite rumours that the gang is “dying” out, mainly due to the majority of its leaders being in jail, still has a presence in the Philippines and primarily in the United States.[3]

Sigue Sigue Comando Gang

The Sigue Sigue Comando Gang is one of the largest Gangs in the Philippines. The Gang has thousands of members spread around the Philippine Islands, the gang is involved with home invasion, kidnapping and torture, extortion, arson, auto theft, robberies, sales of illegal narcotics, battery assault, shootings and numerous known & unknown homicides.[4] Sputnik Prison Gang-a prison gang Batang Cityjail-a prison gang

Bacolod Underground Crips

Bacolod Underground Crips 13 (BUC13) is a type of gang that has been known for its number of vandals in the city of Bacolod, Negros Occidental. The gang is involved with shootings and mostly vandalism. The gang is widely spread in the city of Bacolod and is not involved with other gang wars except their own. The gang is said to have connected with True Brown Style 13 and other Crip gangs in Bacolod City.

Watch Dogg Committee

Watch Dogg Committee (WDC) is an underground type of gang wherein people, especially the poor and the oppressed and other members of the community, unite to liberate themselves from all forms of enslavement,violence and corruption, abusive use of power or authority, and create a condition in which there are no oppressors and oppressed. This gang is more on “activism”, somewhat peaceful, but sometimes uses violence to get what they want such as to maintain order in their territory or to teach an enemy a lesson. It is widely existing in Mindanao and Visayas.

United States

Filipino Gangs in the United States are largely focused in and around the Southern California region (SoCal) and generally the entire West Coast region. Due to their hispanic culture they are more assimilated with other Latino gangs. There are thousands of Filipino gang members which mostly center around the California region, Chicago, New York, and Miami. They represent a diversre array of backgrounds and affiliations with some being with the Bloods, Crips, Sureños, Norteños, Peoples, and Folks. There are a number of Filipino Gangs located on the west coast, below is a list of Major Filipino Gangs in the region.

Temple Street 13 Gang

The Temple Street Varrio over time has expanded outside its original territory and has established itself in the far corners of the L.A country, Northern Califas and in Las Vegas, Nevada, Salt Lake City, Utah, Pennysylvania, Washington and Oregon. And in addition to having established grounds on the west side of L.A TST has heads representing their Varrio in South Central, San Fernando Valley, Palmdale, Lancaster, Antelope Valley, Cerritos, Glendale, Long Beach, Pomona and Oakland. TST has even branched out Internationally, having presence in cities in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Mexico, El Salvador and the TST is well represented across the sea in the Philippines with the Pinoy Locos Clique which formed from the Temple Street Varrio.

The TST Pinoy Locos 13 Clique was originally started out in the Early 1980s and became one of the most notorious gangs in the Philippines, it also started out in the homegrounds of west central L.A but eventually with the deportation of many of the Filipino gang members of the Clique back to the Philippine Islands, the Clique became larger than ever back in the Philippines alongside the United States and its linked TST Cliques.

B Down Boys

The B Down Boys are a Filipino gang from the San Diego area.[5]

Bahala Na Barkada

Bahala Na Barkada is a Filipino gang from the San Diego area.[5]

Bahala Na Gang

The Bahala Na Gang (“Come What May”), also known by its abbreviation BNG [6], is one of the most notorious of Filipino Gangs, they were established among inmates in the notorious jails of the Philippines in the early 1940s and eventually spread its operations throughout the globe. The gang is known to have chapters in North and Latin America as well as Europe alongside their Philippine presence. A tattoo of a Question Mark (?) located on any part of the body is a mark of the infamous Filipino gang. The BNG have a large influence primarily focused around the Los Angeles area and Bay area. According to last reports, they are located in the following Los Angeles areas:[7][3] Los Angeles, West Covina, Glendale, Hawthorne, Montebello, Pomona, Cerritos and Carson

TFS

The Filipino Stoners, also known as TFS, is one of the most notorious of Filipino Gangs in northern california. Established by filipinos of the mid 1940’s who were sick of the racism they dealt with. The gang is known to have gang members all over California and some in the Philippines

Watch Dogg Committee

Watch Dogg Committee (WDC) is a Filipino-African-American secret brotherhood. This group was first formed in Crown Heights, New York, U.S.A. in 1985 as a protection group against oppressive gangs. 1995, Watch Dogg became a gang when most of its members affiliated with the Bloods. 1996, Watch Dogg reached Los Angeles and became an inter-gang (with members from different gangs and groups such as Flipside 13, Tau Gamma Pinoy, Tropang Hudas, etc.). The word “Committee” was added to emphasize that the group is a mixture of different members from different gangs. It reached the Philippines in the year 1997. Though it is believed that the group disbanded in U.S. in the year 1996, there are still members in Crown Heights, New York and San Francisco Valley, Los Angeles. Members are widely present in the Philippines particularly in Dipolog City, Katipunan Zamboanga del Norte, Dumaguete City, Bayawan City, Bukidnon, General Santos City, and etc.

Hellside Gang

The Hellside Gang (HSG) is a Filipino street gang located on the West coast of the United States. The gang’s turf is known to be at Gardena, Alhambra and Baldwin Park.[7][3]

Insane Diego Mob The Insane Diego mob is a Filipino gang from San Diego. The gang is known to be located on the South Side of San Diego.[5]

JEFROX

JEFROX (JFX) was founded in 1979, is a Filipino Street Gang, with locations in Los Angeles (Maplewood) and Valleyside (Panorama, San Fernando, North Hills, Mission Hills and Northridge).[7] Spoiled Brotherz also known as Spoiled Bratz (SBZ) originally 13 heads from Los Angeles, is the ruthless, 2nd to the last click of the gang and was active in the valley around 1998-2005. Multiplied from Los Angeles to The ValleySide. Spoiled Brotherz became the number one click in their generation passing other clicks from the 90’s, and highly respected in Los Angeles and The ValleySide. Because of numerous attempted murder, battery and drive bys. Their main rival was Van Nuys Asian Boyz (ABZ) and Mara Salvatruchas (MS). Recent incedent was the shootout on Panorama Sea Food City and the Kennedy High drive by attempted murder. The youngest click and that are still active until now are called No Mercy Pinoy (NMP) Valleyside. This click was originated from Spoiled Brotherz Click (SBZ).

Mabuhay Pinoy Trece

The Mabuhay Pinoy Trece (MP13) is a Filipino gang with locations in Eagle Rock, Walnut, Highland Park and parts of Los Angeles. [7][3]

Pinoy Real Gang

The Pinoy Real Gang (PR), pronounced Pinoy Re-al street gang was founded in the early 1980s in Atwater Village, California. Located 9 miles Northeast of Downtown L.A. Pinoy is a Filipino slang name for a Filipino male. Real used in a Spanish term, pronounced Re-al which means Royal or King. The gang name is abbreviated to PR or PRG (G meaning Gang). [7] Pinoy Real Gang has known established sets and cliques throughout Southern California and Las Vegas and the Philippines. Active sets includes: Atwater Village, Granada Hills, Norwalk, West Covina, Hawthorne, Rancho Cucamonga, Pasadena, Las Vegas, Culver City, Cerritos, Chino Hills, Anaheim and Rowland Heights.[8] The gang has been associated with recent gang turfwars and crimes, most recent was an icedent involving the Jefrox (JFX) gang, where a person was tortured and beaten by some PRG members.[9][10]

Real Pinoy Brothers

The Real Pinoy Brothers (or Real Pinoy Brotherhood, RPB)formed in San Francisco in the mid 80s. Daly City 2nd generation were led by Uno and Dos. RPB are located in Palmdale, Carson and the San Fernando Valley and also Northern California such as in cities of San Francisco, Daly City, San Jose, Milpitas, Fremont as well as Las Vegas,NV (Inactive).Las Vegas founders were Temper and Droopy.Temper was from the Bay Area,Droopy was from the Los Angeles Area.RPB was most notorious for violence whihc included kidnapping,extorsion,robberies,car theft and attempted murder.[7]

Satanas

The Satanas (STS) is a large Filino Gang with a lot of locations spread out in the US west coast, places in Los Angeles such as West and South Barrio Rampart, East and South Barrio Long Beach, Lakewood, Palmdale, Cerritos, Barrio South Oxnard, Santa Ana, North and South Valleyside, Barrio Norwalk, West Covina and La Puente.[7][3] The Satanas also have a presence in the San Diego Region of the US west coast.[5] The Satanas also have links with the TST (Varrio Temple Street), as this is the clique the Satanas originated from.[11] Tres Cantos The Tres Cantos (TCS) , is a gang that originated in Eaglerock, and also has cliques in Los Angeles.

Tropang Hudas The Tropang Hudas are known to be around Baldwin Park, Eagle Rock and Glendale.[7] Unique Boys

The Unique Boys are a Filipino gang from San Diego. The gang is known to be located on the South Side of San Diego.[5]

Canada

Filipino Gangs in Canada are present, probably due to the large numbers of Filipino’s living in Canada. The TST temple Street Varrios (Of which the Pinoy Locos 13 is also linked to) has also a significant influence in Canada among other places. Most recently a number of Vietnamese and Filipino gangs where involved in a turf war, with a number of Bashings, a Drive By and 8 recorded stabbings. The fights have involved a variety of bladed weapons. The groups commonly favour machetes, swords and illegal switchblades and butterfly knives, police said

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Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) is an international criminal gang that originated in Los Angeles, California. It has spread to other parts of the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Central America. The majority of the gang is ethnically composed of Central Americans (mostly Salvadorans) and active in urban and suburban areas.

In the U.S., the MS-13 has an especially heavy presence in Los Angeles County and the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California; the Washington, D.C. metropolitan areas of Fairfax County, Virginia, Montgomery County, Maryland, and Prince George’s County, Maryland; Queens, New York; Long Island, New York; Newark, New Jersey, Plainfield, New Jersey; Jersey City, New Jersey; Elizabeth, New Jersey; the Boston, Massachusetts area; Charlotte, North Carolina; and Houston, Texas. There is also a presence of MS-13 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Members of MS distinguish themselves by tattoos covering the body and also often the face, as well as the use of their own sign language. They are notorious for their use of violence and a subcultural moral code that predominantly consists of merciless revenge and cruel retributions. This cruelty of the distinguished members of the “Maras” or “Mareros” earned them a path to be recruited by the Sinaloa Cartel battling against Los Zetas in an ongoing drug war south of the United States border. [5] [6][7] Their wide-ranging activities have drawn the attention of the FBI and Immigration and Customs Enforcement, who have initiated wide-scale raids against known and suspected gang members – netting hundreds of arrests across the country

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The Mexican Mafia (Spanish: Mafia Mexicana), also known as La eMe (Spanish for “the M”), is a highly organized Mexican American criminal organization in the United States.[1][4] Despite its name, the Mexican Mafia did not originate in Mexico and is entirely a U.S. criminal prison organization. Sureños, including MS-13 and Florencia 13,[15] use the number 13 to show allegiance to the Mexican Mafia.

M is the 13th letter of the alphabet. Law enforcement officials report that La eMe is the most powerful gang within the California prison system.[16] Government officials state that there are currently 155–300 official members of the Mexican Mafia with around 990 associates who assist La eMe in carrying out its illegal activities in the hopes of becoming full members.[

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Sureno 5

Sureños, Sur 13, or Sureños X3 are groups of loosely affiliated gangs[10] that pay tribute to the Mexican Mafia while in U.S. state and federal correctional facilities.

Many Sureño gangs have rivalries with one another and the only time this rivalry is set aside is when they enter the prison system.[4][6][11] Thus, fighting is common among different Sureño gangs even though they share the same common identity. Sureños have emerged as a national gang in the United States.[5]

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The Sinaloa Cartel (Spanish: Cártel de Sinaloa or CDS)[9] is an international drug trafficking, money laundering, and organized crime syndicate.[10] Established during the mid-1980s,[11] the Sinaloa Cartel is based primarily in the city of Culiacán, Sinaloa,[12] with operations in the Mexican states of Baja California, Durango, Sonora, and Chihuahua.[13][14] The cartel is also known as the Guzmán-Loera Organization and the Pacific Cartel, the latter due to the coast of Mexico from which it originated. The cartel has also been called the Federation and the Blood Alliance.[13][15][16][17] The ‘Federation’ was partially splintered when the Beltrán-Leyva brothers broke apart from the Sinaloa Cartel.[18]

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The United States Intelligence Community considers the Sinaloa Cartel “the most powerful drug trafficking organization in the world”[19] and in 2011, the Los Angeles Times called it “Mexico’s most powerful organized crime group.”[20] The Sinaloa Cartel is associated with the label “Golden Triangle”, which refers to the states of Sinaloa, Durango, and Chihuahua. The region is a major producer of Mexican opium and marijuana.[18] According to the U.S. Attorney General, the Sinaloa Cartel is responsible for importing into the United States and distributing nearly 200 tons of cocaine and large amounts of heroin between 1990 and 2008.[21] According to the National Drug Intelligence Center, within the U.S. the Sinaloa Cartel is primarily involved in the distribution of cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, marijuana and MDMA.[22]

As of 2015, the Sinaloa Cartel is the most active drug cartel involved in smuggling illicit drugs into the United States and trafficking them throughout the United States.[2

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Filipino Gangs in the Philippines and Worldwide

Filipino Gangs

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Filipino Gangs are present in the Philippine Islands and Internationally, most of these are located in the United States of America (California primarily). There is a very large number of Filipino street gangs in the Philippines and United States, Organised crime is also known to exist between a number of gangs.
About
In general, their are gangs located in the Philippines that deal in organised crime, and follow a general hierarchy. These gangs can be linked to certain families or barkadas (groups). A number of gangs are known to deal in illegal narcotics, some known criminal activities include home invasion, kidnapping and torture, extortion, arson, grand theft auto, robberies, sale of illegal narcotics, battery assault, shootings and numerous known & unknown homicides. Some gangs are so largely spread out among the island nation, that it is hard to keep track of the various branch’s, this is evident in one of the largest and most infamous gangs among the Philippine Islands, known as the “SSC” gang also known as the “Sigue-Sigue Comando”. Filipino gangs are also known to be located in parts of Europe and Asia, the Middle East, Australia, New Zealand and primarily in the United States, Mexico, and Canada.


Philippines A number of gangs in the Philippines are known to be active around the nation, the majority being centered in Manila, with locations in and around the general Metro Manila region. One of the most infamous areas in the City is Tondo, Manila. Tondo is known to be the “Hub” of Gangs in the region, with the majority of street gangs being located in this district.
Apart from a very large number of local street gangs, there are a number of organized gangs among the Philippines.
True Brown Style 13
True Brown Style 13 “Vera Indio Istilo at Trese” (TBS 13) is one of The most infamous & largest street gangs in the Philippines because of its crime related activities throughout the country. Murder, homicide, illegal drug trade, and home invasions is their primary criminal activities. The TBS 13 gang originated from San Diego, California, USA. Filipina-mexicanas deportees brought the gangs name and formed a clique in the Philippines. The clique which started in the Philippines was exclusively for females. But as the gang grew, the former female members accepted male members to join the gang, and those members made the gang infamous in the Philippines. True Brown Style 13 is the most popular Gang in the Philippines.Their colors are Red,Blue & Black their Sets are either Blood or Crip. Other True Brown Style 13 Hoods are connected with Bloods & Crips in the USA.
Filipino Mafia
The Kuratong Baleleng was an organized crime syndicate that once was an anti-communist vigilante group. They were known nationwide due to their end in an alleged shootout with the Police on May 1995 in Quezon City.[1]
For most Filipinos, the Kuratong Baleleng is that notorious group of bank robbers that met a bloody end in a supposed shootout with the police one May morning in 1995 in Quezon City. But down in Ozamiz City, in northwestern Mindanao, Kuratong is said to be well-loved — and well-connected, even if no one denies that it is a criminal syndicate.[1]
Armed with assorted type of high powered firearms and operates in the cities of Ozamis,Cagayan De Oro, Pagadian and Dipolog, and other neighboring cities and municipalities in Mindanao (in southern Philippines), Cebu in Visayas (in Central Philippines), and Metro Manila in Luzon (in northern Philippines). The group is engaged in robbery/hold-up, carnapping, illegal drugs trafficking, smuggling of rice and sugar, Human smuggling, Gun Running, Extortion, Loan sharking, prostitution, illigal gambling, murder for hire, Protection rackets from Politicians,Businessmen and Drug dealers.[1]
The members of the group are on the “BISAYA” speaking christians, no accurate estimation of the groups number since it has never been infiltrated and fear has become Kuratong Baleleng’s most effective weapon.The Kuratong baleleng is the most well organized crime gang in the Philippines, it was rumored that some criminal gangs such as Abu sayyaf got killed without any permission to operate from the Kuratong Baleleng Bosses. “They have no qualms in killing perceived enemies,” says a local journalist who asked not to be named. “They are untouchables.” This perception is fueled by the fact that authorities refuse to even investigate criminal activities allegedly perpetrated by the group. The gang also has business ties with other ASIAN gangs such as Japanese YAKUZA and The Chinese Triads and the Russian Mafia. The Kuratong baleleng is also known for supplying rebels such as the NPA and Abu sayyaf groups.It was also rumored that the organization has gone International, and not online in the Philippines but, also some neighboring parts of the nation such as Malaysia, Indonesia, Hong Kong, singapore and even Saudi Arabia and Middle east.
Joining this gang is not easy since this is a highly organized crime syndicate and most members are Family associated by blood. The gang organization are consist of BOSSES these bosses are known as “PAPA” manong or Ninong the Head Boss or the father of the Family or Clan which comprise of the underboss the second in command. The Next are the “KUYA or MANOY” Big brother or the CAPTAIN. Each Captains consists of Soldiers or “Sondalo” these sondalo are the one’s who always do the dirty works for the BOSSES. The Gang is hard to infiltrate and for that matter has never ever been infiltrated since the gang has bigtime protection such as former Generals ,Former mayors and former military people.[1]
Akyat Bahay Gang
The Akyat Bahay Gang is known as a violent home invasion-oriented gang which also has a history with drug dealing. [2]
Bahala Na Gang
The Bahala Na Gang (“Come What May”) is one of the most notorious of Filipino Gangs, they were established among inmates in the notorious jails of the Philippines in the early 1940s and eventually spread its operations throughout the globe. The gang is known to have chapters in North and Latin America as well as Europe alongside their Philippine presence. A tattoo of a Question Mark (?) located on any part of the body is a mark of the infamous Filipino gang. The Bahala Gang, despite rumours that the gang is “dying” out, mainly due to the majority of its leaders being in jail, still has a presence in the Philippines and primarily in the United States.[3]
Sigue Sigue Comando Gang
The Sigue Sigue Comando Gang is one of the largest Gangs in the Philippines. The Gang has thousands of members spread around the Philippine Islands, the gang is involved with home invasion, kidnapping and torture, extortion, arson, auto theft, robberies, sales of illegal narcotics, battery assault, shootings and numerous known & unknown homicides.[4] Sputnik Prison Gang-a prison gang Batang Cityjail-a prison gang
Bacolod Underground Crips
Bacolod Underground Crips 13 (BUC13) is a type of gang that has been known for its number of vandals in the city of Bacolod, Negros Occidental. The gang is involved with shootings and mostly vandalism. The gang is widely spread in the city of Bacolod and is not involved with other gang wars except their own. The gang is said to have connected with True Brown Style 13 and other Crip gangs in Bacolod City.
Watch Dogg Committee
Watch Dogg Committee (WDC) is an underground type of gang wherein people, especially the poor and the oppressed and other members of the community, unite to liberate themselves from all forms of enslavement,violence and corruption, abusive use of power or authority, and create a condition in which there are no oppressors and oppressed. This gang is more on “activism”, somewhat peaceful, but sometimes uses violence to get what they want such as to maintain order in their territory or to teach an enemy a lesson. It is widely existing in Mindanao and Visayas.
United States
Filipino Gangs in the United States are largely focused in and around the Southern California region (SoCal) and generally the entire West Coast region. Due to their hispanic culture they are more assimilated with other Latino gangs. There are thousands of Filipino gang members which mostly center around the California region, Chicago, New York, and Miami. They represent a diversre array of backgrounds and affiliations with some being with the Bloods, Crips, Sureños, Norteños, Peoples, and Folks. There are a number of Filipino Gangs located on the west coast, below is a list of Major Filipino Gangs in the region.
Temple Street 13 Gang
The Temple Street Varrio over time has expanded outside its original territory and has established itself in the far corners of the L.A country, Northern Califas and in Las Vegas, Nevada, Salt Lake City, Utah, Pennysylvania, Washington and Oregon. And in addition to having established grounds on the west side of L.A TST has heads representing their Varrio in South Central, San Fernando Valley, Palmdale, Lancaster, Antelope Valley, Cerritos, Glendale, Long Beach, Pomona and Oakland. TST has even branched out Internationally, having presence in cities in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Mexico, El Salvador and the TST is well represented across the sea in the Philippines with the Pinoy Locos Clique which formed from the Temple Street Varrio.
The TST Pinoy Locos 13 Clique was originally started out in the Early 1980s and became one of the most notorious gangs in the Philippines, it also started out in the homegrounds of west central L.A but eventually with the deportation of many of the Filipino gang members of the Clique back to the Philippine Islands, the Clique became larger than ever back in the Philippines alongside the United States and its linked TST Cliques.
B Down Boys
The B Down Boys are a Filipino gang from the San Diego area.[5]
Bahala Na Barkada
Bahala Na Barkada is a Filipino gang from the San Diego area.[5]
Bahala Na Gang
The Bahala Na Gang (“Come What May”), also known by its abbreviation BNG [6], is one of the most notorious of Filipino Gangs, they were established among inmates in the notorious jails of the Philippines in the early 1940s and eventually spread its operations throughout the globe. The gang is known to have chapters in North and Latin America as well as Europe alongside their Philippine presence. A tattoo of a Question Mark (?) located on any part of the body is a mark of the infamous Filipino gang. The BNG have a large influence primarily focused around the Los Angeles area and Bay area. According to last reports, they are located in the following Los Angeles areas:[7][3] Los Angeles, West Covina, Glendale, Hawthorne, Montebello, Pomona, Cerritos and Carson
TFS
The Filipino Stoners, also known as TFS, is one of the most notorious of Filipino Gangs in northern california. Established by filipinos of the mid 1940’s who were sick of the racism they dealt with. The gang is known to have gang members all over California and some in the Philippines
Watch Dogg Committee
Watch Dogg Committee (WDC) is a Filipino-African-American secret brotherhood. This group was first formed in Crown Heights, New York, U.S.A. in 1985 as a protection group against oppressive gangs. 1995, Watch Dogg became a gang when most of its members affiliated with the Bloods. 1996, Watch Dogg reached Los Angeles and became an inter-gang (with members from different gangs and groups such as Flipside 13, Tau Gamma Pinoy, Tropang Hudas, etc.). The word “Committee” was added to emphasize that the group is a mixture of different members from different gangs. It reached the Philippines in the year 1997. Though it is believed that the group disbanded in U.S. in the year 1996, there are still members in Crown Heights, New York and San Francisco Valley, Los Angeles. Members are widely present in the Philippines particularly in Dipolog City, Katipunan Zamboanga del Norte, Dumaguete City, Bayawan City, Bukidnon, General Santos City, and etc.
Hellside Gang
The Hellside Gang (HSG) is a Filipino street gang located on the West coast of the United States. The gang’s turf is known to be at Gardena, Alhambra and Baldwin Park.[7][3]
Insane Diego Mob The Insane Diego mob is a Filipino gang from San Diego. The gang is known to be located on the South Side of San Diego.[5]
JEFROX
JEFROX (JFX) was founded in 1979, is a Filipino Street Gang, with locations in Los Angeles (Maplewood) and Valleyside (Panorama, San Fernando, North Hills, Mission Hills and Northridge).[7] Spoiled Brotherz also known as Spoiled Bratz (SBZ) originally 13 heads from Los Angeles, is the ruthless, 2nd to the last click of the gang and was active in the valley around 1998-2005. Multiplied from Los Angeles to The ValleySide. Spoiled Brotherz became the number one click in their generation passing other clicks from the 90’s, and highly respected in Los Angeles and The ValleySide. Because of numerous attempted murder, battery and drive bys. Their main rival was Van Nuys Asian Boyz (ABZ) and Mara Salvatruchas (MS). Recent incedent was the shootout on Panorama Sea Food City and the Kennedy High drive by attempted murder. The youngest click and that are still active until now are called No Mercy Pinoy (NMP) Valleyside. This click was originated from Spoiled Brotherz Click (SBZ).
Mabuhay Pinoy Trece
The Mabuhay Pinoy Trece (MP13) is a Filipino gang with locations in Eagle Rock, Walnut, Highland Park and parts of Los Angeles. [7][3]
Pinoy Real Gang
The Pinoy Real Gang (PR), pronounced Pinoy Re-al street gang was founded in the early 1980s in Atwater Village, California. Located 9 miles Northeast of Downtown L.A. Pinoy is a Filipino slang name for a Filipino male. Real used in a Spanish term, pronounced Re-al which means Royal or King. The gang name is abbreviated to PR or PRG (G meaning Gang). [7] Pinoy Real Gang has known established sets and cliques throughout Southern California and Las Vegas and the Philippines. Active sets includes: Atwater Village, Granada Hills, Norwalk, West Covina, Hawthorne, Rancho Cucamonga, Pasadena, Las Vegas, Culver City, Cerritos, Chino Hills, Anaheim and Rowland Heights.[8] The gang has been associated with recent gang turfwars and crimes, most recent was an icedent involving the Jefrox (JFX) gang, where a person was tortured and beaten by some PRG members.[9][10]
Real Pinoy Brothers
The Real Pinoy Brothers (or Real Pinoy Brotherhood, RPB)formed in San Francisco in the mid 80s. Daly City 2nd generation were led by Uno and Dos. RPB are located in Palmdale, Carson and the San Fernando Valley and also Northern California such as in cities of San Francisco, Daly City, San Jose, Milpitas, Fremont as well as Las Vegas,NV (Inactive).Las Vegas founders were Temper and Droopy.Temper was from the Bay Area,Droopy was from the Los Angeles Area.RPB was most notorious for violence whihc included kidnapping,extorsion,robberies,car theft and attempted murder.[7]
Satanas
The Satanas (STS) is a large Filino Gang with a lot of locations spread out in the US west coast, places in Los Angeles such as West and South Barrio Rampart, East and South Barrio Long Beach, Lakewood, Palmdale, Cerritos, Barrio South Oxnard, Santa Ana, North and South Valleyside, Barrio Norwalk, West Covina and La Puente.[7][3] The Satanas also have a presence in the San Diego Region of the US west coast.[5] The Satanas also have links with the TST (Varrio Temple Street), as this is the clique the Satanas originated from.[11] Tres Cantos The Tres Cantos (TCS) , is a gang that originated in Eaglerock, and also has cliques in Los Angeles.
Tropang Hudas The Tropang Hudas are known to be around Baldwin Park, Eagle Rock and Glendale.[7]

Unique Boys
The Unique Boys are a Filipino gang from San Diego. The gang is known to be located on the South Side of San Diego.[5]
Canada
Filipino Gangs in Canada are present, probably due to the large numbers of Filipino’s living in Canada. The TST temple Street Varrios (Of which the Pinoy Locos 13 is also linked to) has also a significant influence in Canada among other places. Most recently a number of Vietnamese and Filipino gangs where involved in a turf war, with a number of Bashings, a Drive By and 8 recorded stabbings. The fights have involved a variety of bladed weapons. The groups commonly favour machetes, swords and illegal switchblades and butterfly knives, police said

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Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) is an international criminal gang that originated in Los Angeles, California. It has spread to other parts of the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Central America. The majority of the gang is ethnically composed of Central Americans (mostly Salvadorans) and active in urban and suburban areas.

In the U.S., the MS-13 has an especially heavy presence in Los Angeles County and the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California; the Washington, D.C. metropolitan areas of Fairfax County, Virginia, Montgomery County, Maryland, and Prince George’s County, Maryland; Queens, New York; Long Island, New York; Newark, New Jersey, Plainfield, New Jersey; Jersey City, New Jersey; Elizabeth, New Jersey; the Boston, Massachusetts area; Charlotte, North Carolina; and Houston, Texas. There is also a presence of MS-13 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Members of MS distinguish themselves by tattoos covering the body and also often the face, as well as the use of their own sign language. They are notorious for their use of violence and a subcultural moral code that predominantly consists of merciless revenge and cruel retributions. This cruelty of the distinguished members of the “Maras” or “Mareros” earned them a path to be recruited by the Sinaloa Cartel battling against Los Zetas in an ongoing drug war south of the United States border. [5] [6][7] Their wide-ranging activities have drawn the attention of the FBI and Immigration and Customs Enforcement, who have initiated wide-scale raids against known and suspected gang members – netting hundreds of arrests across the country

gangarrestmap

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The Mexican Mafia (Spanish: Mafia Mexicana), also known as La eMe (Spanish for “the M”), is a highly organized Mexican American criminal organization in the United States.[1][4] Despite its name, the Mexican Mafia did not originate in Mexico and is entirely a U.S. criminal prison organization. Sureños, including MS-13 and Florencia 13,[15] use the number 13 to show allegiance to the Mexican Mafia.

M is the 13th letter of the alphabet. Law enforcement officials report that La eMe is the most powerful gang within the California prison system.[16] Government officials state that there are currently 155–300 official members of the Mexican Mafia with around 990 associates who assist La eMe in carrying out its illegal activities in the hopes of becoming full members.[

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Sureno 5

Sureños, Sur 13, or Sureños X3 are groups of loosely affiliated gangs[10] that pay tribute to the Mexican Mafia while in U.S. state and federal correctional facilities.

Many Sureño gangs have rivalries with one another and the only time this rivalry is set aside is when they enter the prison system.[4][6][11] Thus, fighting is common among different Sureño gangs even though they share the same common identity. Sureños have emerged as a national gang in the United States.[5]

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The Sinaloa Cartel (Spanish: Cártel de Sinaloa or CDS)[9] is an international drug trafficking, money laundering, and organized crime syndicate.[10] Established during the mid-1980s,[11] the Sinaloa Cartel is based primarily in the city of Culiacán, Sinaloa,[12] with operations in the Mexican states of Baja California, Durango, Sonora, and Chihuahua.[13][14] The cartel is also known as the Guzmán-Loera Organization and the Pacific Cartel, the latter due to the coast of Mexico from which it originated. The cartel has also been called the Federation and the Blood Alliance.[13][15][16][17] The ‘Federation’ was partially splintered when the Beltrán-Leyva brothers broke apart from the Sinaloa Cartel.[18]

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The United States Intelligence Community considers the Sinaloa Cartel “the most powerful drug trafficking organization in the world”[19] and in 2011, the Los Angeles Times called it “Mexico’s most powerful organized crime group.”[20] The Sinaloa Cartel is associated with the label “Golden Triangle”, which refers to the states of Sinaloa, Durango, and Chihuahua. The region is a major producer of Mexican opium and marijuana.[18] According to the U.S. Attorney General, the Sinaloa Cartel is responsible for importing into the United States and distributing nearly 200 tons of cocaine and large amounts of heroin between 1990 and 2008.[21] According to the National Drug Intelligence Center, within the U.S. the Sinaloa Cartel is primarily involved in the distribution of cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, marijuana and MDMA.[22]

As of 2015, the Sinaloa Cartel is the most active drug cartel involved in smuggling illicit drugs into the United States and trafficking them throughout the United States.[2

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Crime Groups in the Philippines

Crime Groups in the Philippines

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I recently received an e-mail describing the modi operandi of the top 17 criminal groups in the country and would like to share the information through this blog.

I do not mean to present the Philippines as a country where one’s safety can not be guaranteed. The Filipino people are in fact known throughout the world for being warm, friendly and hospitable. And many tourists who keep coming back or have moved to the Philippines can attest to that.

This post is, in fact, meant to inform and educate us all, whether residents or visitors here in the Philippines. Crime groups operate everywhere in the world and we need to be aware of their activities in order to take the necessary precaution and prevent the loss of our possessions.

Sometimes, foreign tourists who come to the Philippines are victimized by these gangs when they allow themselves to be too trusting of strangers. I would suggest to foreign visitors to exercise judiciuosness when travelling. As a rule of thumb, it would be wise not to do things that one would not do in one’s home country. This way, they could be guaranteed of a considerably pleasant vacation not only in the Philippines but in any other destination.

Below are the names of some of the top criminal groups in the Philippines that mostly operate in public places with a description of how they conduct their criminal activities.

Salisi Gang

Where they operate: Hotel lounges, coffee bars, cafes, and restaurants frequented by perceivably wealthy tourists and businessmen

Suspects are typically well-dressed, mild-mannered, and project an aura of legitimate businessman or an affluent matron; complete with jewelry, attaché case and other props to appear and look wealthy.

The perpetrator moves closer to the would-be victim and waits patiently until the victim is engrossed in a serious conversation with a companion or leaves his/her bags and other belongings unattended. In a swift motion, the perpetrator takes the unattended bag or belongings and casually leaves the place.

Another variant, involves two or three accomplices who distract the would-be victim by engaging them in a conversation, often pretending to know the victim from somewhere or ask for a lighter. When distracted, the accomplice takes the unattended bag or belongings of the victim.

Another tactic involves a perpetrator who loiters around the hotel’s front desk and waits for a guest to deposit his room key or is busy conversing with the Front desk staff during registration. Once the victim is already busy talking with the front desk staff, the perpetrator makes his move by walking beside the victims and grab the bags or belongings unattended in a swift motion and casually leaves the location.

Tutok-Kalawit Gang

Where they operate: malls, sidewalks, schools, public buses, and jeepneys

Tutok-Kalawit involves a man or woman suddenly hugging a victim like they are old friends. In truth, the con man or woman is discreetly poking a sharp object on the side of the victim while quietly telling him to turn over his cash and valuables.

Another variant of this criminal tactic would be two thieves accusing a victim of something bogus. The victim would naturally deny the charge and confront his accuser. The thieves would then ask the victim to show his/her ID. Since IDs are usually kept in wallets, thieves will grab the wallet from the victim and run away.

Ativan Gang

Where they operate: bars, boardwalks, restaurant, and other tourist spots

Ativan perpetrators commonly victimize foreigners who roam alone in public places. The group is usually composed of three (3) to four (4) males or females who befriend the would-be victim. After gaining trust and confidence, the victim will be taken for a ride to other tourist sites and during meal time, the victim will be brought to their house usually situated in a squatter colony where the victim will be treated for lunch, snacks, or dinner. The served drink is spiked with Ativan – a powerful anti-depressant/ sleeping pill. Even before finishing the drink, the victim will succumb to a deep sleep and while sleeping, will be stripped of his cash and valuables and will be brought out of the house and left at a completely random location.

Another variant of this tactic is when a male victim is seduced and picked-up in a bar, restaurant, park and/or a tourist site by a gorgeous female, well-dressed and well-mannered. The victim will be approached and befriended until a casual conversation and seduction process takes place which culminates in negotiated sexual activities. The victim will either be brought to a pre-arranged hotel/motel or to his own hotel room. Once at the designated room, the victim will be offered liquor or drink which the perpetrator mixes with highly potent Ativan pills. Once the victim is unconscious, the suspect will divest the victim of his cash/valuables, and then leave the victim at the scene. Most of the victims of this crime wake-up after two to three days and it takes another two days before the victim can fully recover from the drugs and discover the losses.

Ipit Gang

Where they operate: crowded areas such as passenger jeepneys, railway stations, and malls

Ipit gang members operate in groups of four or five. Gang members shove or push a prospective victim to distract him or her, while their accomplice picks his pocket. In jeepneys and buses, suspects squeeze-in and distract their victims while their accomplice snatches the victim’s wallet and/or mobile phone.

Budol-Budol Gang

Where they operate: malls, airports, restaurants, and coffee shops frequented by perceivably wealthy tourists and businessmen

Budol-Budol is a transaction scam principally involving a supposed bundle (budol) of cash that is actually padded inside with sheets of paper cut in the size of money. Only the exposed sides however are real money, everything in between are plain paper cuttings.

Budol-budol gang members are often described as sweet-talking, charismatic, and convincing. Other victims even report having been hypnotized by the group.

Reports and stories of the Budol-budol operations vary from a balikbayan (returning overseas Filipinos) urgently needing a huge amount in Philippine Peso in exchange for his dollars, to a stranger’s emergency offer to swap his bundle of cash with a mobile phone or an expensive piece of jewelry. After gaining the potential victim’s trust the two parties barter their items – the bundle of money for whatever product the to-be victim is peddling. Mobile phones and jewelry are the most commonly lost items. Some high profile cases involve rare paintings, expensive furniture and millions worth of checks to the Budol-budol gang. After the deal is made, the gang and the victim splits.

Another, more sensational and dramatic variant of this crime is the use of fake gold bars, which the suspects use as bait for their victims. The ploy commonly used involves a Filipino treasure hunter or a Japanese survivor has knowledge of a secret Japanese fortune which was plundered by the retreating Japanese Army during World War II which is yet to be completely recovered. A sample of the gold bar is shown to the would be victim for physical examination and since the gold bar actually looks genuine, an offer is made to sell the whole fortune by asking the victim to pay half the cost of the gold bars under terms and conditions agreed upon. One of the conditions is that the gold bars can be delivered or a map can be provided and brought to the site where the bars can be dug up. After the payment, the perpetrators will never show up and the victim will soon discover that the gold bars which were delivered or unearthed from the site are gold plated lead bars.

Kotong Gang

Where they operate: airports, hotels, restaurants, malls, and public parks frequented by foreigners and balikbayans

Common victims of this are foreigners, balikbayans and their dependents who are lured into exchanging their foreign currencies into pesos at a rate higher than the prevailing exchange rates. The group/individual approaches and offers a tempting high rate to the would-be victim.

During the transaction, which usually takes place outside or right in front of a foreign exchange shop, the equivalent peso is counted before the victim three times. Initially, the victim is allowed to count the money he will receive to make him feel confident that he will get the exact amount for his foreign currency. After, a recount is done by one of the perpetrators spreading the pesos in his palm to cover his fingers that are folding a portion of the bunch. The suspect distracts the attention of the victim, often by telling him to be extra careful of robbers, while wrapping the bundle of money in a newspaper or placing it inside a paper bag. The victim eventually discovers that he was shortchanged when he counts the money while inside a car or upon arrival at his house or hotel.

Laslas Bag/Laslas Bulsa Gang

Where they operate: malls, open-air markets, and public transportation perpetrators of this crime usually target victims in crowded areas.

A man/woman/child pretending to be lost or selling an item approaches the victim to distract his/her attention. An accomplice slashes the bag/pocket of the victim who is busy being distracted by another suspect. All money and goods are stolen.

Ipit Taxi Gang

Where they operate: Taxis

The Ipit Taxi scheme usually involves three (3) perpetrators. The trio uses a taxi cab spray painted with a different name and sporting stolen or fake license plates. The driver usually drives around looking for a potential victim who is hailing a taxi cab. Unknown to the victim, the locking mechanisms of both rear doors are not working. The driver then drives the cab to a pre-arranged area, usually a dimly lit street or highway, and slows down pretending he has engine/mechanical trouble. At this juncture his cohorts approach both doors of the cab, jump in and sandwich the victim who is forcibly divested of his cash and valuables. After the victim is robbed, the driver takes the victim and dumps him in a quiet place or highway.

In another variant, the taxi driver, with the help of an illegal solicitor, will ask the victim to pay an additional amount or forcibly divest him of all cash and valuables, then the victim is dumped in a remote area.

Estribo Gang

Where they operate: Public transportation

Attackers prey on passengers inside a bus or jeepney by positioning themselves near the estribo or vehicle’s exit and then hold up everyone inside. In other instances, a crafty criminal will set up at the exit of a crowded bus or jeepney and systematically pick the pocket of passengers passing through.

Bukas Kotse Gang

Where they operate: main roads under heavy traffic, parking areas in malls, churches, schools, etc.

Thieves typically work in pairs. Spotting a potential victim driving a car with unlocked doors, a pair will force their way into an occupied parked car or a vehicle stopped at an intersection. Other times, using a car of their own, the pair will force the victim to maneuver his or her vehicle off the road. One of the attackers will force the victim to open his door. The attacker pushes the victim to the front passenger seat, drives the car to a deserted area, and robs the victim. Sometimes, the attackers also steal the car.

Dura Boys

Where they operate: public transportation terminals, jeepneys, and buses

This tactic is usually carried out by a group of three. The first member informs the victim that a man/woman has spit on her sleeve and back. The victim will be distracted trying to wipe the spit on her sleeve while one of the other members of the gang steals the victim’s valuables, usually a wallet or a mobile phone.

Akyat-Bahay Gang

Where they operate: Residential areas

The Akyat-Bahay is the most common robbery scheme in the Philippines. This crime is usually orchestrated by three to five people. These thieves target homes that are unoccupied especially during the holiday season (i.e. Christmas, Holy Week, and Summer Vacation) or during severe weather conditions (i.e. typhoons) when members of the household can barely notice break-ins into their homes. The gang also employs children who can easily enter homes illegally through tight spaces.

Pitas Gang

Where they operate: Provincial and city operation buses, jeepneys, motorized passenger sidecars (tricycles), and schools

Thieves typically target passengers seated near the windows of public buses, jeepneys, and tricycles. Among the items usually snatched by thieves include wrist watches, rings, necklaces, mobile phones, and hand bags.

Another variant occurs when a group of thieves grab the ears of women and young girls and steal their earrings or snatch their bracelets from their wrists.

Zest-O Gang

Where they operate: Provincial/city operation buses.

This scheme is usually executed by three members. One of the perpetrators wears a bus conductor’s uniform and ask their potential victim “ilan ho” or “how many?” The unsuspecting victim assumes that the man is the bus conductor and responds with the amount of fare the victim should pay. The criminal then forcibly hands the victim a Zest-O juice or any food item and demands that the victim pay for the item. The two accomplices will vouch that the victim ordered from the vendor. The victim will then be forced to pay up.

Laglag-Barya Gang

Where they operate: Provincial/city operation buses, jeepneys, railway stations

Members of this gang drop coins or small bills near their victim. While the victim helps to scoop up the money, other gang members start robbing the victim. In most instances, a gang member blends with the crowd and serves as lookout or “stopper,” when someone tries to run after his companions.

Baraha Gang

Where they operate: Restaurants, shopping malls, department stores, supermarkets

Members of this gang are typically waiters and cashiers who target credit card users in business establishments. Once the victim gives his credit card to the waiter/shop attendant the card is swiped to a skimming device that will capture the victim’s credit card account.

Besfren Gang

Where they operate: Bargain malls and open-air markets

This gang targets shoppers who check out items sold in stalls (i.e. watches, jewelry, mobile phones, and other electronic gadgets). One of the gang members stands next to the victim and borrows the item being checked, pretending that he/she is a friend of the victim. The thief will quickly flee the stall premises bringing with him/her the said item. The store owner/attendant naturally assumes that the victim is an accomplice and will ask him/her to pay for the item.

Dugo Dugo Gang

My own family has had an encounter with the group called Dugo-dugo gang twice already and luckily for us, their scheme was foiled each time. This group makes a phone call to a house at a time when the homeowners are not home. When the household help answers, they pretend to be the owner and concocts a story about having been in a serious vehicular accident and being treated in a hospital. They then instruct the maid to gather whatever valuable possessions are in the master’s bedroom (cash, jewelry and the like) and meet with the gang’s representative so that the hospital bill could be paid. The house maid usually obeys the gang member’s instructions out of a sense of duty to her perceived employers. The gang member runs away with the valuables as soon as these are handed over to him/her.

The maid is oftentimes too overwhelmed by the whole incident to even think of verifying the identity of the caller. At times, the perpetrator will even offer the explanation that his/her voice may sound different as he/she is in so much pain or some other reason.

A variation of the concocted story is the employer gets into an accident where someone else (usually a child or elderly person) gets seriously hurt and is brought by the maid’s employer to the hospital.

This post is not meant to instill fear or cynicism in us. Being armed with such knowledge can only make us wiser in the way we interact with strangers.

This way, my hope is that we will be better able to enjoy our recreation time with our families while keeping ourselves away from the clutches of these criminal elements.

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Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) is an international criminal gang that originated in Los Angeles, California. It has spread to other parts of the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Central America. The majority of the gang is ethnically composed of Central Americans (mostly Salvadorans) and active in urban and suburban areas.

In the U.S., the MS-13 has an especially heavy presence in Los Angeles County and the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California; the Washington, D.C. metropolitan areas of Fairfax County, Virginia, Montgomery County, Maryland, and Prince George’s County, Maryland; Queens, New York; Long Island, New York; Newark, New Jersey, Plainfield, New Jersey; Jersey City, New Jersey; Elizabeth, New Jersey; the Boston, Massachusetts area; Charlotte, North Carolina; and Houston, Texas. There is also a presence of MS-13 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Members of MS distinguish themselves by tattoos covering the body and also often the face, as well as the use of their own sign language. They are notorious for their use of violence and a subcultural moral code that predominantly consists of merciless revenge and cruel retributions. This cruelty of the distinguished members of the “Maras” or “Mareros” earned them a path to be recruited by the Sinaloa Cartel battling against Los Zetas in an ongoing drug war south of the United States border. [5] [6][7] Their wide-ranging activities have drawn the attention of the FBI and Immigration and Customs Enforcement, who have initiated wide-scale raids against known and suspected gang members – netting hundreds of arrests across the country

gangarrestmap

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The Mexican Mafia (Spanish: Mafia Mexicana), also known as La eMe (Spanish for “the M”), is a highly organized Mexican American criminal organization in the United States.[1][4] Despite its name, the Mexican Mafia did not originate in Mexico and is entirely a U.S. criminal prison organization. Sureños, including MS-13 and Florencia 13,[15] use the number 13 to show allegiance to the Mexican Mafia.

M is the 13th letter of the alphabet. Law enforcement officials report that La eMe is the most powerful gang within the California prison system.[16] Government officials state that there are currently 155–300 official members of the Mexican Mafia with around 990 associates who assist La eMe in carrying out its illegal activities in the hopes of becoming full members.[

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Sureno 5

Sureños, Sur 13, or Sureños X3 are groups of loosely affiliated gangs[10] that pay tribute to the Mexican Mafia while in U.S. state and federal correctional facilities.

Many Sureño gangs have rivalries with one another and the only time this rivalry is set aside is when they enter the prison system.[4][6][11] Thus, fighting is common among different Sureño gangs even though they share the same common identity. Sureños have emerged as a national gang in the United States.[5]

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The Sinaloa Cartel (Spanish: Cártel de Sinaloa or CDS)[9] is an international drug trafficking, money laundering, and organized crime syndicate.[10] Established during the mid-1980s,[11] the Sinaloa Cartel is based primarily in the city of Culiacán, Sinaloa,[12] with operations in the Mexican states of Baja California, Durango, Sonora, and Chihuahua.[13][14] The cartel is also known as the Guzmán-Loera Organization and the Pacific Cartel, the latter due to the coast of Mexico from which it originated. The cartel has also been called the Federation and the Blood Alliance.[13][15][16][17] The ‘Federation’ was partially splintered when the Beltrán-Leyva brothers broke apart from the Sinaloa Cartel.[18]

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The United States Intelligence Community considers the Sinaloa Cartel “the most powerful drug trafficking organization in the world”[19] and in 2011, the Los Angeles Times called it “Mexico’s most powerful organized crime group.”[20] The Sinaloa Cartel is associated with the label “Golden Triangle”, which refers to the states of Sinaloa, Durango, and Chihuahua. The region is a major producer of Mexican opium and marijuana.[18] According to the U.S. Attorney General, the Sinaloa Cartel is responsible for importing into the United States and distributing nearly 200 tons of cocaine and large amounts of heroin between 1990 and 2008.[21] According to the National Drug Intelligence Center, within the U.S. the Sinaloa Cartel is primarily involved in the distribution of cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, marijuana and MDMA.[22]

As of 2015, the Sinaloa Cartel is the most active drug cartel involved in smuggling illicit drugs into the United States and trafficking them throughout the United States.[2

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List of active rebel groups

List of active rebel groups

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International
Al-Qaeda (Islamist)
Jama’at al-Jihad al-Islami (Islamist)

Afghanistan
Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin(Islamist)

Algeria
Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb
also operates Morocco, Mauritania, Niger and Mali (sometimes “Al Qaeda in the Sahel” (Islamist)

Angola
Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (separatist nationalist)

Burma
Democratic Karen Buddhist Army(Buddhist/nationalist)
Committee for Emergence of a Federal Union (CEFU)
Karen National Union (ethnic/Democratic)
Kachin Independence Organization
Karenni National Progressive Party (KNPP)
the Shan State Progressive Party (SSPP)
Shan State Army-North (SSA-N)
Shan State Army-South (SSA-South)
New Mon State Party (NMSP)
Chin National Front (CNF)

Colombia
National Liberation Army (ELN) (Marxist)
Popular Liberation Army (Marxist)
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia[ (FARC) (Marxist)
Black Eagles (rightwing paramilitary)

France
Comité Régional d’Action Viticole (Winemaker)
National Liberation Front of Corsica (Corsican nationalism)

Greece
Sect of Revolutionaries (leftist/anarchist)
Conspiracy of Fire Nuclei (leftist/anarchist)

Haiti
National Revolutionary Front for the Liberation of Haiti

India
Abhinav Bharat (Hindu nationalism)
Communist Party of India (Maoist) (Marxist)
Harkat-ul-Mujahideen[12] (Islamist)
Hizbul Mujahideen[13] (Islamist)
International Sikh Youth Federation  (Sikh)
Jaish-e-Mohammed[15] (Islamist)
Khalistan Commando Force (Sikh)
Khalistan Zindabad Force (Sikh)
Lashkar-e-Taiba[18] (also in Pakistan) (Islamist)
National Socialist Council of Nagaland – Isaac-Muivah (Christian)
Students Islamic Movement of India (Islamist)
United Jihad Council (Islamist)
United Liberation Front of Assam (separatist)

Indonesia
Jemaah Islamiyah
(also known to operate in other parts of South East Asia such as Singapore and the Philippines) (Islamist)
South Moluccas – (Christian)
Free Papua Movement

Italy
Informal Anarchist Federation (leftist/anarchist)

Iran
Jundullah (Baloch nationalism/Islamist Sunni)
PJAK (affiliates of Turkey’s PKK) (Kurdish nationalism)

Iraq
Al-Qaeda in Iraq (Islamist)
Islamic Army in Iraq (Islamist)
Mahdi Army (Islamist)

Lebanon
Hezbollah
Various Palestinian groups

Mali
National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad

Mexico
Popular Revolutionary Army (Marxist)
Zapatista Army of National Liberation (anarcho-communist)

Nigeria
Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta(anarcho-communist)
Boko Haram

Pakistan
Balochistan Liberation Army (Baloch nationalism)
Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (Islamist)
Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi (Islamist)
Fedayeen al-Islam (Islamist)
Lashkar-e-Islam(Islamist)
Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (Islamist)
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (also operated in Kyrgzstan) (Islamist)
Lashkar-e-Omar(Islamist)

Palestine
Palestine Liberation Organization
Fatah
Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade
Force 17
Tanzim
Fatah Hawks
Abu-Arish brigades
al-Awda Brigade
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command
Abu Ali Mustapha Brigades
Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Palestine Liberation Front
Hamas
Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades
Qawasameh tribe
Morbiton (People’s Army)
Palestinian Islamic Jihad
Al-Quds Squads
Popular Resistance Committees
Abu Samhadana clan
Army of Islam (Gaza Strip)
Fatah Revolutionary Council

Paraguay
Paraguayan People’s Army (leftist)

Peru
Shining Path (Maoist)

Philippines
Abu Sayyaf (Al-Harakat Al-Islamiyya) (Islamist)
Moro National Liberation Front (nationalist)
Moro Islamic Liberation Front[ (Islamist)
Rajah Sulaiman Movement (Islamist)
Misuari Renegade/Breakaway Group
Philippine Raja Solaiman Movement (Islamist)
New People’s Army (Communist)
Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930 (Communist)
Alex Boncayao Brigades (Communist)

Russia
Caucasus Mujahadeen (Islamist)
Ingush Jamaat (Islamist)
Shariat Jamaat (Islamist)
Yarmuk Jamaat (Islamist)
Kataib al-Khoul (Islamist)

Rwanda
Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda
(also active in the Democratic Republic of the Congo) (ethnic)

Somalia
Al-Shabaab (Islamist)

Sudan
Union of Forces for Democracy and Development
Rally of Democratic Forces (rebel group)
National Movement for Reform and Development
Justice and Equality Movement[42]
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army

Thailand
Pattani United Liberation Organization (Islamist)

Turkey
Kurdistan Workers’ Party (Kurdish nationalism/Marxist)
Kurdistan Freedom Falcons (Kurdish nationalism/Marxist)

Uganda
Lord’s Resistance Army (operates mainly in northern Uganda, but also in parts of Sudan and D.R. of the Congo). (Christian)

United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland
Continuity Irish Republican Army: 1994–present (separatist/Irish nationalist)
Real Irish Republican Army: 1997–present (separatist/Irish nationalist)
Óglaigh na hÉireann (Real IRA splinter group): 2009–present (separatist/Irish nationalist)
Republican Action Against Drugs: 2008–present (vigilante/Irish nationalist)
Orange Volunteers: 1998–present (Ulster loyalist/sectarian)
Real Ulster Freedom Fighters: 2007–present (Ulster loyalist/sectarian)
Red Hand Defenders: 1998–present (Ulster loyalist/sectarian)

Yemen
Houthis (separatist nationalism/ Islamist Shia)
Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (Islamist)

Prison gangs are now in the Philippines and Worldwide

Prison gangs are now in the Philippines and Worldwide

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Prison gang is a term used to denote any type of gang activity in prisons and correctional facilities. Prison officials and others in law enforcement use the term security threat group or STG. The concept for this name is to take away the recognition and publicity that the term “gang” connotates when referring to people who have an interestin undermining the system.

Most prison gangs do more than offer simple protection for their members. Most often, prison gangs are responsible for any drug, tobacco or alcohol handling inside correctional facilities. Furthermore, many prison gangs involve themselves in prostitution, assaults, kidnappings and murders. Prison gangs often seek to intimidate other inmates (pressuring them to relinquish their food and other resources) and bribe or intimidate prison staff (to ensure they can go about their activities without interference, and to create links to the outside).

In addition, prison gangs often exercise a large degree of influence over organized crime in the “free world”, larger than their isolation in prison might lead one to expect. Since the 1980s, larger prison gangs have consciously worked to leverage their influence inside prison systems to control and profit from drug trafficking on the street. This is made possible based upon the logic that individuals involved in selling illegal drugs face a high likelihood of serving a prison term at some point or in having a friend or family member in prison. The cooperation of drug dealers and other criminals can be secured due to the credible threat of violence upon incarceration if it is not provided. Prison gang members and associates who are released are usually expected to further the gang’s activities after their release and may face danger if they refuse and are returned to prison, such as on a parole violation. The War on Drugs also led to large numbers of drug addicts serving prison terms, providing gangs with a significant method of asserting control within the prison and by controlling the drug trade that happens on the yard and behind bars.

Prison gangs can also be responsible for laundering money from outside gangs, usually the free world branches of the same gangs “on the inside.”

Most correctional facilities have policies prohibiting the formation of prison gangs. However, many prison gangs continue to operate with impunity. As these gang members are already in prison, and often serving long sentences, any punishment incentive to leave a gang or to integrate with the general prison population is reduced.

Prison gangs often have several “affiliates” or “chapters” in different state prison systems that branch out due to the movement or transfer of their members. Smaller prison gangs may associate with or declare allegiance to larger ones. In addition, some prison gang “chapters” may split into antagonistic groups that become rivals, as the MexicanMafia did in Arizona (into the “Old” or “Original” Mexican Mafia associated with the original California gang and the “New Mexican Mafia”, a rival group).

In the United States
Aryan Brotherhood: A white prison gang that originated in California’s San Quentin Prison, amongst White American prisoners, in 1964 (their emblem, “the brand”, consists of a shamrock and the number 666). Perhaps out of their ideology and the necessity of establishing a presence among the more numerous Black and Hispanic gang members, the AB has a particular reputation for ruthlessness and violence. Since the 1990s, in part because of this reputation, the AB has been targeted heavily by state and federal authorities. Many key AB members have been moved to “supermax” control-unit prisons at both the federal and state level or are under federal indictment.

Nazi Lowriders: A newer white prison gang that emerged after many Aryan Brotherhood members were sent to the Security Housing Unit at Pelican Bay or transferred to federal prisons. NLR is associated with members originally from the Antelope Valley and is known to accept some light-skinned or Caucasian-identified Hispanic members.

La Eme or the Mexican Mafia: “Eme” is the Spanish name of the letter “M” and it is the 13th letter in the alphabet. The Mexican mafia are composed mostly of Hispanics, although some Caucasian members exist. The Mexican Mafia and the Aryan Brotherhood are allies and work together to control prostitution, drug running, weapons and “hits” or murders. Originally formed in the 1950s in California prisons by Hispanic prisoners from the southern part of that state, Eme has traditionally been composed of US-born or raised Hispanics and has retained ties to the Southern California-based “Sureños”. During the 1970s and 1980s, Eme in California established the model of leveraging their power in prison to control and profit from criminal activity on the street.

Nuestra Familia (“our family” in Spanish): The “N” is the 14th letter in the alphabet which is used as their symbol,along with the Roman numeral “XIV” to represent their gang, another mostly Hispanic prison gang that is constantly at war with La Eme and was originally formed from Northern-California or rural-based Hispanic prisoners opposing the domination by La Eme, which was started by and associated with Los Angeles gang members.

The Texas Syndicate: A mostly Texas-based prison gang that includes mostly Hispanic members and does (albeit rarely) allow Caucasian members. The Texas Syndicate, more than La Eme or Nuestra Familia, has been associated or allied with Mexican immigrant prisoners, such as the “Border Brothers”, while Eme and Familia tend to be composed of and associate with US-born or raised Hispanics.

Most African-American prison gangs retain their street gang names and associations. These commonly include Rollin’ sets (named after streets, i.e. Rollin’ 30′s, Rollin’ 40′s etc.) that can identify with either Blood or Crip affiliations. The Black Guerilla Family represents an exception, as an originally politically-based group that has a significant presence in prisons and prison politics.

Netas: a Hispanic (mainly Puerto Rican) gang, found on Puerto Rico and on the eastern coast of the US.

United Blood Nation: an African-American prison gang found on the east coast. They are rivals with the Netas and have ties with the Black Guerilla Family.

Folk Nation: Found in Midwestern and Southern states, allied with Crips, bitter rivals with the People Nation.

People Nation: Found in Midwestern and Southern states, allied with Bloods, bitter rivals with the Folk Nation.

D.C. Blacks: Found in Washington D.C. by African-American inmates, are alliged with the BGF and UBN and enemies to
AB and MM.

European Kindred: a white supremacist prison gang founded in Oregon that is affiliated with the Aryan Brotherhood
and the Ku Klux Klan.

Confederate Knights of America: a white supremacist prison gang in Texas that is affiliated with the KKK and AB.

Aryan Circle: a white supremacist prison gang affiliated with the Aryan Brotherhood of Texas and the KKK.

Dead Man Incorporated (DMI): a predominately white prison gang founded in the Maryland Correctional System with branches in many other correctional facilities throughout the U.S.

Conservative Vice Lords (CVL): A primarily African American gang that originated in the St. Charles Illinois Youth Center outside Chicago.[ In Chicago, CVL operated primarily in the Lawndale section and used drug sales profits to continue operation and used prisons to train and recruit new members.

Aryan Brotherhood of Texas: a white supremacist prison gang affiliated with the AB and the KKK.

Latin Kings Gang is now in the Philippines (Filipinas) and Worldwide

Latin Kings Gang is now in the Philippines (Filipinas)  and Worldwide

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Latin Kings graffiti of the King Master along with the abbreviations “L” and “K” on the sides.
Founding location Chicago, Illinois
Years active 1940′s — present
Territory Nationwide, in predominately Hispanic neighborhoods in Chicago, New York City as well as other
cities throughout the United States
Ethnicity Hispanic / mainly Puerto Rican and Mexican
Membership King Motherland Chicago faction – 20,000 to 35,000

Bloodline faction – 2,200 to 7,500

Criminal activities Racketeering, battery, arms trafficking, drug trafficking, extortion, identity document
forgery, robbery, and murder
Allies People Nation, Vice Lords, Bloods, United Blood Nation
Rivals Folk Nation, Maniac Latin Disciples, Spanish Gangster Disciples

The Almighty Latin King and Queen Nation (ALKQN, ALKN, LKN) is said to be the largest and one of the most organized Hispanic street gang in the United States of America, which has its roots dating back to the 1940s in Chicago, Illinois.
Latin Kings
History
The Latin Kings street gang was formed in Chicago in the 1940s and consisted predominantly of Puerto Rican males. Although it was created by Puerto Ricans, most factions of the gang are now dominated by Mexicans, specifically in the Midwest—including Chicago, the city with the second largest Mexican population in the United States.

Originally created with the philosophy of overcoming racial prejudice and creating an organization of “Kings,” the Latin Kings evolved into a criminal enterprise operating throughout the United States under two umbrella factions—Motherland, also known as KMC (King Motherland Chicago), and Bloodline (New York City). All members of the gang refer to themselves as Latin Kings and, currently, individuals of any nationality are allowed to become members.

Latin Kings associating with the Motherland faction also identify themselves as “Almighty Latin King Nation (ALKN),” and make up more than 160 structured chapters operating in 158 cities in 31 states. The membership of Latin Kings following KMC is estimated to be 20,000 to 35,000. The Bloodline was founded by Luis Felipe in the New York State correctional system in 1986. Latin Kings associating with Bloodline also identify themselves as the “Almighty Latin King and Queen Nation (ALKQN).” Membership is estimated to be 2,200 to 7,500, divided among several dozen chapters operating in 15 cities in 5 states. Bloodline Latin Kings share a common culture and structure with KMC and respect them as the Motherland, but all chapters do not report to the Chicago leadership hierarchy. The gang’s primary source of income is the street-level distribution of powder cocaine, crack cocaine, heroin, and marijuana. Latin Kings continue to portray themselves as a community organization while engaging in a wide variety of criminal activities, including assault, burglary, homicide, identity theft, and money laundering.

LeadershipLatin King documents reveal that Gino Gustavo Colon (a.k.a. “Lord Gino”) is considered the leader or “Sun” of the Chicago Latin Kings. They also refer to him as their “Corona”, which means “Crown”. Currently he is serving a life sentence in federal prison due to a 25-count indictment, which includes charges of murder and conspiracy to distribute cocaine and other drugs.

Organizational structureThe Latin Kings have a hierarchical organizational structure: they have numerous “chapters” or “tribes” across the country, which adhere to a regional, state, and a national system. Officers (Inca, Casique and Enforcer) are supported by a “Crown Council” of seven members which set rules and regulations and holds disciplinary hearings. The hierarchy leads to regional officers and ultimately to the Supreme Inca ruler based in Chicago. The head (or heads) of the entire criminal organization are known as ”Coronas” (crowns in English). One retired detective said “When you compare them to other street gangs like the Bloods and the Crips, none compare to the organization of the Latin Kings.”.

Markings
Latin King gang member showing his gang tattoo, a lion with a crown, and signifying the 5 point star with his hands An example of common Latin Kings’ vandalism – showing a crude depiction of a five-pointed crown and the saying, “Amor de Rey”.The Latin King colors are black and gold; gang markings consist of a 5 or 3-point crown, writings of LK, ALK, ALKN, ALKQN abbreviations (or the whole words); and drawings of the Lion and/or the King Master. Latin King symbolism is usually accompanied with the name and number of the chapter, region or city of the gang. The Latin Kings are of the People Nation, and therefore, represent everything to the “right” in opposition to the “left”, which is representative of the Folk Nation.

Kingism
According to John H. Richardson in the February 1997 issue of the New York Magazine, “What also made the Kings different was their unique mixture of intense discipline, revolutionary politics and a homemade religion called “Kingism”–adding idealism and a bootcamp rigor to the usual gang camaraderie—a potent mixture for troubled ghetto kids whose lives lacked structure and hope”.

The Latin Kings operate under strict codes and guidelines that are conveyed in a lengthy constitution, and they follow the teachings of the King Manifesto.In this manifesto you can find traces of Marxism, Christianity,Confucianism and other revolutionary/historical world-views, which when combined make up the ideology and morality of “KINGISM”.

According to the Latin King Manifesto, there are three stages or cycles of Nation life that constitute Kingism. They are:

1.The Primitive Stage: wherein the neophyte member is expected to be immature and to be involved in such activities as gang-banging and being a street warrior without the full consciousness of Kingism.

2.The Conservative or Mummy Stage: which is where a member tires of the street gang life but is still accepting of life as it has been taught to him by the existing system that exploits all people of color, dehumanizes them, and maintains them under the conditions and social yoke of slavery.

3.The New King Stage: where the member “learns that his ills lie at the roots of a system completely alien to his train of thought and his natural development, due to the components of dehumanization that exist therein”.According to the Manifesto, “The New King is the end product of complete awareness, perceiving three-hundred and sixty degrees of enlightenment; his observations are free and independent; his thoughts are not clouded by any form of prejudice…For him there are no horizons between races, sexes and senseless labels”, including gang labels for recognition. The New King no longer views the rival warrior as the cause of his ills; instead, he fights against the Anti-King System (social injustices and inequality), a system which seeks to deny and oppress his people: the Oppressed Third World Peoples.

King Motherland Chicago Latin KingsThe Chicago faction of the Latin Kings is recognized as the largest Hispanic street gang, and the largest Chicago-based street gang, in the United States. Although the original Chicago members were of Puerto Rican descent, most members are now Mexican-American. Unlike MS-13 and 18th Street gang—whose great portion of gang membership exists in Central and South America—the Latin Kings have a heavier presence within the United States. The gang has over 25,000 members in the city of Chicago alone and have organized chapters in over 41 states and several Latin American and European countries, including: Mexico, Spain, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Canada, Italy, Puerto Rico, Philippines, Portugal, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, United Kingdom and others. The Latin Kings are mostly of Latino descent, with some Black, White, Asian and Middle Eastern members as well.Violent HistoryViolence is the hallmark of the Chicago Latin Kings. In their beginnings, when they were not great in size, their brutal history and propensity for violence distinguished them from other Latino gangs in Chicago, making them equal players with the larger Black “Super Gangs”, such as the Gangster Disciples, the Almighty Vice Lord Nation and the Black P. Stones. The ALKN is the largest and most violent Hispanic street gang in Illinois. For example, in 2000 there were approximately 1600 self-admitted Latin Kings in the Illinois prison system, and these accounted for over half of all the recorded violent acts on prison personnel and other inmates, making the Latin Kings the most violent prison gang in Illinois(FBI Fiscal Report 2000).

Mexican Mafia La Eme Prison Gang is now in the Philippines (Filipinas) and Worldwide

Mexican Mafia La Eme Prison Gang is now in the Philippines (Filipinas) and Worldwide

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Mafia Mexicana, Mexican Mafia or La eMe

New Links:

1) https://isisandislaminlatinamericablog.wordpress.com/

2) https://isisandislamlatinamerica.blogspot.com

3) https://islamandisisinlatinamerica.blogspot.com

4) https://mrkowalzki21.wordpress.com/2016/07/22/the-isis-islamic-state-invasion-and-islam-of-latin-america-through-central-america-like-mayan-southern-mexico-and-guatemala/

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Founded 1957
Founding location Deuel Vocational Institution, California, United States
Years active 1957 – Present
Territory US federal prison systems, California Prison System, and 12 other states with a heavy presence in
Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas
Ethnicity Predominately Hispanic with mostly Mexicans and some other ethnic groups
Membership 150-300 but estimated to be as much as 400 active members
Criminal activities Murder, money laundering, arms trafficking, drug trafficking, Kidnapping, pandering,
racketeering, extortion, human trafficking, illegal immigration, fraud and illegal gambling
Allies Sureños, Armenian Power, Mara Salvatrucha, Aryan Brotherhood, New Mexico Syndicate,
Rivals Nuestra Familia, Nortenos, Black Guerilla Family, Arizona’s New Mexican Mafia, Black Street Gangs

The Mexican Mafia (Spanish: Mafia Mexicana), also known as La eMe (Spanish for the letter M), is a Mexican American highly-organized, ruthless crime organization in the United States. Despite its name, the Mexican Mafia did not originate in Mexico and is entirely a U.S. criminal prison organization. Surenos use the number 13 to show allegiance to the Mexican Mafia. M is the 13th letter of the alphabet. Law enforcement officials report that La eMe is the most powerful gang within the California prison system. Government officials state that there are currently 155–300 official members of the Mexican Mafia with around 990 associates who assist La eMe in carrying out its illegal activities in the hopes of becoming full members. Sureño street gangs and the Mexican Mafia are almost ethnically homogenous, that is, they consist of almost entirely of Hispanic members. When Sureños enter correctional facilities, they are required to put aside their rivalries and obey the Mexican Mafia or suffer possible lethal consequences.

History
The Mexican Mafia was formed in 1957 by 13 Hispanic street gang members from different Los Angeles neighborhoods that
were all incarcerated at the Deuel Vocational Institution; a California Youth Authority facility which is now an adult state prison in Tracy, California. They formed in order to protect themselves from other prison gangs at the time. The founder of La eMe is Luis “Huero Buff” Flores who was an active member of the Hawaiian Gardens gang in Hawaiian Gardens, California. Gang warfare between Hispanic neighborhoods was the norm during the 1950s and 60s so the fact that Luis Flores was able to get established enemies to set aside their rivalries upon entry into the prison system was something that was not thought possible. This requirement exists to present day. Hispanic street gangs like White Fence, San Fer, Avenues, Clanton 14, Varrio Nuevo Estrada, and Hoyo Maravilla were already into their second decade and firmly established as self sustaining entities. Luis Flores initially recruited violent members to the gang in an attempt to create a highly-feared organization which could control the black market activities of the Deuel prison facilities. La eMe member Ramon “Mundo” Mendoza claims that in the beginning the overall goal was to terrorize the prison system and enjoy prison comforts while doing time.

As new members of La Eme filtered out back into the streets, Anacleta “Annie” Ramirez, a well-known member of the East Los Angeles community, took many of them under her wing and paired them up with neighborhood youngsters who lacked direction. Ramirez, a sharp, tough woman, taught the youngsters discipline, rules of street life, and, at first, petty crime. This later escalated to her role as a shot caller—as drugs became a major part of the trade—who would get rid of her enemies by ordering youth loyal to her on missions. After she had given the directive, many of her enemies were reportedly murdered on sight.

Rise
By 1961 violence got so bad at the Deuel Vocational Institution that administrators transferred a number of the charter La eMe members to San Quentin Penitentiary in the hopes of discouraging their violent behavior. This tactic failed. Cheyenne Cadena arrived on the lower yard of San Quentin and was met by a six-foot-five, 300-pound black inmate who planted a kiss on his face and announced this scrawny teenager would now be his ‘bitch. Cadena returned a short time later, walked up to the unsuspecting predator, and stabbed him to death with a jailhouse knife,or shank. There were more than a thousand inmates on the yard and no witnesses stepped forward. A string of other slayings soon followed as La eMe members sought to establish a reputation among the inmates of San Quentin. The Mexican Mafia’s quest for complete control alienated many other Mexican-American inmates who were fed up with Mexican Mafia stabbing, killing, and stealing their watches, rings, cigarettes and anything else of value. Some of them secretly founded a new prison gang called La Nuestra Familia (NF) or “Our Family.” It was first established in the mid-1960s at the California Training Facility in Soledad. Some of the early members were from the Los Angeles area, but NF soon drew inmates primarily from rural communities in Northern California. The Mexican Mafia saw Nuestra Familia as inferior and “just a bunch of farmers”, or farmeros. However, in 1968 at San Quentin, a full scale riot broke out after a Mexican Mafia soldier, or soldado, stole a pair of shoes from a Nuestra Familia sympathizer. Nineteen inmates were stabbed and one La eMe associate ended up dead. The battle became known as the “Shoe War” and it established Nuestra Familia as the major La eMe rival.

New Mexican Mafia
New Mexican Mafia tattoos on prison inmate in the Arizona Correctional System.La eMe must not be confused with the New Mexican Mafia. Around 1974, a group of Hispanic inmates at Arizona State Prison, Florence, formed a prison gang known as the Mexican Mafia. Arizona Department of Corrections officials at that time obtained information that this group patterned themselves after the California Mexican Mafia which had been in existence for several years. Several Hispanics who came into the Arizona Prison System brought the concept and philosophy of the California Mexican Mafia.In 1978 the Mexican Mafia split into two organizations. One kept the original philosophy and structure and currently refer to themselves as the Original Mexican Mafia, “Califas Faction”, “EME”. The other, which came into prominence in 1984 and is the organization addressed in this workbook, refer to themselves as the New Mexican Mafia.Many assaults and murders of members of both groups have occurred as a result of each organization claiming the title of “Mexican Mafia” within the Arizona prison system. They have created their own rules and regulations and have established an organizational structure. Each member is allowed to vote on issues regarding membership and leadership. The leader, approved by the members has the power to solely decide important issues. Some of their members were previous La eMe members.

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Location
The Mexican Mafia’s power base is in the California Prison system, but they are active in many other southwestern states and the pacific region of the United States; including the Federal Prison system. La eMe is active in 13 states. Most members are male from Southern California Sureno gangs. La Eme is most active in the California and Texas prison systems. However, in Texas, the Mexican Mafia is called The Mexikanemi.