The Mexikanemi – Texas Mexican Mafia
The Mexikanemi, sometimes confused with the Mexican Mafia was founded by San Antonio natives Heriberto “Herb” Huerta and Jose Lopez in 1984. Heriberto Huerta came up with the scheme for the mafia style gang and organized it along the outline of La Cosa Nostra, the New York Italian Mafia. The prison gang is a powerful and operates in both prisons across the nation and the streets. The gang is involved in crimes such as drug trafficking, murder, extortion, robbery and loan sharking. The gang is highly organized and operates under a strict paramilitary structure. There is an estimated 17,000 Mexikanemi members in cities across the U.S. and Mexico.
GANG PROFILE Symbols: Aztec Double-Headed Serpent, EME, 13, Merecido. Ranking structure: Paramilitary Territory: San Antonio, Austin, Laredo, Corpus Christi, Rio Grande Valley, Los Angeles CA, and small chapters across the United States and southern Mexico. . Alliances: none Members: 17,000 Racial make up: Hispanic Threat: High
MEXIKANEMI POWER STRUCTURE The structure of the Mexikanemi is comprised of three components, the members, prospects, and associates. There are also descending ports of lieutenants, sergeants and solders in the organization. These are the back bone, the doers of the deadly organization who set up the Mesa’s (the boards) which are controlling boards on the prison main lines. These boards’ members are in charge of organizing most of Mexican Mafia activity. The Mexikanemi require its members to remain loyal to the gang and vow to do so for life. Homosexuality is prohibited and so is drug abuse.
MEXIKANEMI IN PRISON The Mexikanemi rapidly multiplied in Texas after a war erupted between the Mexikanemi and the Texas Syndicate. The Texas Syndicate, which was the states only Hispanic prison gang refused to accept the Mexikanemi. While the Texas Syndicate was known for extorting nonmember Hispanics, the Mexikanemi claimed to offer all Mexican American inmates who joined their gang full protection. As a result the Mexikanemi became popular, particularly with offenders from San Antonio. The war between these two prison gangs went on for 7 years, with as many as 100 murders from both sides. The Mexikanemi and Texas Syndicate decided to settle a truce in 1988 after new prison gangs such as the Barrio Azteca and Raza Unida were emerging into the scene. Feeling that the Barrio Azteca had no right in using the Mexikanemi’s Aztlan ideology, they demanded that the Barrio Azteca change its name. The Azteca’s took great offense to their request and responded attacking dozens of Mexikanemi members across the state. The Mexikenemi retaliated by ordering the murder of 2 Barrio Azteca members at the Clemens unit in Brazoria, TX and in a federal prison in 1990. A truce between both rival gangs was made in 1997 under the condition that both gangs renew their peace treaty every year on May 5th.
THE MEXIKANEMI’S DRUG ENTERPRISE The Mexikanemi are in alliance with the Gulf cartel and control the drug trade of both Laredo and San Antonio. The Gulf Cartel sells narcotics to the Mexikanemi at discount prices as well as hires the ruthless Mexikanemi as hit men. In recent years the Mexikanemi has experienced a power struggle within its ranks and as a result has carried out dozens of execution style murders of its own members in the San Antonio area. Dozens of high ranking members of the prison gang have recently been charged for these homicides, as well as drug are trafficking and money laundering. Bexar County narcotics detectives made a recent drug bust on the cities west side. Detectives seized over 300,000 of black tar heroin at the home of 54 year old Juan Gomez, a high ranking member of the Mexikanemi. The drugs were stashed in PVC pipes hidden in the ceiling of the heavily fortified house. When questioned about the drugs, Juan Gomez refused to corporate with law enforcement agents, nor did he admit being a member of the Mexikanemi.
THE DIME While drug trafficking and robbery are the some of the prison gangs sources of income, extortion make up most of the gang’s profits. Mexikanemi foot soldiers are ordered to collect 10% off each non member drug dealer and turn in the money to Mexikanemi leaders. The “dime” as it’s called is used to support members in prison.
MEXIKANEMI INFORMANTS Using gang informants to receive intelligence about the organizations clandestine structure has been an effective tactic for law enforcement official. Some gang members are willing to cooperate in return of leniency when faced with heavy felony charges. One such informant was Rene Enriquez, a former high ranking member of the Mexikanemi. Enriquez, a Lieutenant of the gang, had been involved with the Mexikanemi for 17 years and was in charge of utilizing the gangs trust account and distributing those funds to members in the prison unit he was in charge of. He explained how he was in charge of appointing non ranking members in the streets the special task of providing his girlfriend with funds generated by drug trafficking. Enriquez’s girlfriend would then mail the money via money order into Enriquez’s prison trust fund account. It is common for gang members to trick their wives or girlfriends into doing this without telling them what they are doing is a serious crime. Such deception comes easy for Mexikanemi members since the loyalty to their organization comes first.
MEXIKANEMI VS OREJON CONFLICT The Mexikanemi is currently under going a conflict with a group called “Los Orejones”. Los Orejones, which is basically an unorganized structure of prison inmates from San Antonio, consider them selves non gang members. Inmates from San Antonio were once forcefully obligated to assist the Mexikanemi in conducting gang related crimes.
MEXIKANEMI CHRONOLOGIES OF EVENTS
The Mexikanemi, sometimes confused with the Mexican Mafia was founded by San Antonio natives Heriberto “Herb” Huerta and Jose Lopez in 1984. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In 1983, the Texas Syndicate refuses to recognize the Mexikanemi as a prison gang and declares war. Over 80 gang members are killed in an 8 year battle for control. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In 1988, the Mexikanemi declare war on the Barrio Azteca after tensions arise over a fight between both gangs in a Coffield unit recreation yard. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In 1990, the Mexikanemi and Texas Syndicate agree on a truce. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In 1992, Mexikanemi members murder a Barrio Azteca member at the Clemens unit in Brazoria, Texas. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In December 1994 Mexikanemi members murder Richard Bracknell El Paso County jail. Bracknall, a former Mexikanemi member is beat and strangled to death because he did not follow gang rules. (El Paso Times)
In 1995, 2 members of the Aryan Circle are stabbed by the Mexikanemi in a prison yard fight at the J.B. Connally unit in Kenedy, Texas.
On February 14, 1996, the Texas based Mexikanemi and California Mexican Mafia declare war on each other after members of the Mexican Mafia stab 2 members of the Mexikanemi at the United States Penitentiary in Florence, Colorado. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In December of 1996, The Aryan Circle and Mexikanemi agree on a peace treaty over a war that resulted in 13 murders in units across Texas.
On June of 1997, the Mexikanemi and Barrio Azteca settle a peace agreement and organize a commission called “La Mesa Grande” at the Cofield unit between high ranking members of the Mexikanemi, Texas Syndicate and Barrio Azteca. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In August 1997, Mexikanemi members raid the house of a drug dealer who refused to pay the gang 10% of their drug earnings. Five people are blindfolded, bound with duct tape and shot repeatedly execution style. (Associated Press)
On January 29, 1998, leaders of the Mexikanemi and Mexican Mafia declared peace with each other. (Gang Intelligence 101)
In 1998, another federal indictment results in the conviction of Mexikanemi General Robert “Beaver” Perez. Perez is sentenced to death for 19 execution style murders committed in 1994 – 1997.
In November 1999, Mexikanemi members raid the house of Juanita Ybarra, then strangle her to death with a telephone cord. A contract was put on her life after she refused to pay the Mexikenemi a 10% cut of her marijuana dealing profits. Vasquez v State, 67 S.W.3d 229 (Tex. Crim. App., 2002)
In 1999, the Mexikanemi declares war on the Raza Unida over a conflict involving drugs in the streets of Corpus Christi, Texas. A member of the Raza Unida is brutally murdered at the Connally unit in Kenedy, Texas by Mexikanemi members. (Gang Intelligence 101)
On September 14, 2000, members of the HPL “Hermandad Pistoleros Latinos” murder Mexikanemi member Adrian Torres in San Antonio, Texas over a cocaine deal gone bad. Saenz v. State, 131 S.W.3d 43 (TX, 2003)
In 2000, both the Mexikanemi and Raza Unida settle on a truce after 1 year of war fare. (Gang Intelligence 101)
On March 1, 2001, Mexikanemi members in the Michael Unit of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice kill inmate Rogelio Garza for stealing money and heroin from the gang. Loredo v. State, No. 12-06-00287-CR (Tex. App. 8/22/2007) (Tex. App., 2007)
In July of 2004, Federal investigators freeze the prison trust fund accounts of Mexikanemi founder Heriberto “Herb” Huerta and vice president Benito “Viejito” Alonzo. Officials suspect that the $23,000 both gang members had in their trust fund was money raised from illegal activity.
On August 2004 Bexar County Sheriff detectives arrest 26 Mexikanemi members and associates on federal drug, firearms and money laundering charges. (Associated Press)
On January 15, 2005, two members of the Mexikanemi are arrested in Laredo, Texas for the brutal murders of Roberto Patino and Enrique Botello. The killers reportedly kidnapped the victims, gunned them down, and then burned their bodies in the trunk of a car. The prison gang ordered the murders in retaliation for money owed by the victims. Gallardo v. State, No. 4-06-00057-CR (Tex. App. 7/25/2007) (Tex. App., 2007)
On March 2007, Robert “Beaver” Perez, leader of the Mexikanemi is executed by the state of Texas for his involvement of over 19 gang related murders. (Associated Press)
In early 2008, a mass grave is discovered in an Atascosa County ranch and law enforcement officials link the murders to the Mexikanemi. (San Antonio Express News)
In 2008, dozens of Mexikanemi leaders are arrested on racketeering charges that involve more than 20 execution style murders in San Antonio, Austin and Atascosa County. (San Antonio Express News)
In 2007, Mexikanemi member Robert Anthony Martinez Perez is scheduled for lethal injection for his role in the 1994 execution style murder of fellow member Luis “Blue” Adames. The killing came as a result of a power struggle with in higher ranks of the gang. (San Antonio Express News)