Russian Mafia

Russian Mafia

cropped-b-zbbim-exu

Territory International, strongholds in former Soviet states; extensive operations in European Union, Middle East, the United States
Ethnicity Primarily Russians, Ukrainians, Chechens, Georgians, Azerbaijanis, Armenians, etc.
Criminal activities Money laundering, extortion, arms trafficking, cybercrime, human trafficking, prostitution, drug trafficking, arson, counterfeiting, fraud, and larceny

The Russian MafiaRusskaya Mafiya) is a name applied to organized crime syndicates in Russia and Ukraine. The mafia in various countries take the name of the country, as for example the Ukrainian mafia.

Bratva slang for “brotherhood”, which applies to all gangs, including rivals) is a name designating a range of organized crime syndicates originating in the former Soviet Union, Russia and the CIS. Since the August 19–December 26, 1991 fall of the Soviet Union, these groups have amassed considerable worldwide power and influence.They are active in virtually every part of Russian society.Russian criminals are internationally active in the illegal oil trade, human trafficking, drug trafficking, smuggling of weapons and money laundering. In December 2009, Timur Lakhonin, the head of the Russian National Central Bureau of Interpol, stated: “Certainly, there is crime involving our former compatriots abroad, but there is no data suggesting that an organized structure of criminal groups comprising former Russians exists abroad”.

History

Origins

Organized crime has existed in Russia since the days of the Czars in Imperial Russia in the form of banditry and thievery but it could trace its roots even earlier. In the Soviet period vory v zakone or “thieves in law” (understood as “bound by code”) emerged. This class of criminals had to abide by certain rules in the prison system. One such rule was that cooperation with the authorities of any kind was forbidden. During World War II some prisoners made a deal with the government to join the armed forces in return for a reduced sentence, but upon their return to prison they were attacked and killed by inmates who remained loyal to the rules of the thieves. During the era when the Soviet economy took a downhill turn, the Vory would take control of the black market with the help of corrupt officials, supplying products such as electronics or delicatessen during the Brezhnev era which were hard to reach for the ordinary Soviet citizen.

Fall of the Soviet UnionThe real breakthrough for criminal organizations began in 1988, when the Soviet Union legalised private entrepreneurship, allowing free trade. However the new law said nothing about regulations and security of market economy. Crude markets started forming, the most notorious being the Rizhsky market where prostitution rings were run next to the Rizhsky Railway Station in Moscow. As the Soviet Union headed for its collapse, so too did the economy and resulted in a social decay. Desperate for money, many former government workers turned to crime, others joined the former Soviet citizens who moved overseas, and the Russian Mafia became a natural extension of this trend. Former KGB agents, sportsmen and veterans of the Afghan and First and Second Chechen Wars, now finding themselves out-of-work but with experience in areas which could prove useful in crime, joined the increasing crime wave.Widespread corruption, poverty and distrust of authorities only contributed to the rise of organized crime. Contract killings, bombings and kidnappings reached an all-time high with many gangland murders taking place, a substantial number remaining unsolved. By the mid-1990s it was believed that the Ukrainian born Semion Mogilevich had become in charge of finance for some Russian Mafia syndicates ( Solntsevskaya bratva), and described by the FBI as “one of the most dangerous men in the world”. By 1993 almost all banks in Russia were owned by the mafia, and 80% of businesses were paying protection money. In that year, 1400 people were murdered in Moscow, crime members killed businessmen who would not pay money to them, as well as reporters, politicians, bank owners and others opposed to them. The new criminal class of Russia took on a more Westernized and businesslike approach to organized crime as the more code-of-honor based Vory faded into extinction.

Lubyanka Criminal Group BookLubyanka Criminal Group (also translated as The Gang from Lubyanka) is a book by Alexander Litvinenko about the alleged transformation of the Russian Security Services into a criminal and terrorist organization. Lubyanka is known as KGB headquarters. In the book, Litvinenko claims that Russian prime minister Vladimir Putin and other FSB officers have been involved in organized crime, including covering up drug traffic from Afghanistan.

Internationalization

The former Soviet Bloc’s opening up to the world and the internationalization of its economy also gave the Russian mafia connections to other criminal organizations around the world such as the Chinese Triads or the Sicilian Cosa Nostra. Connections with Latin American drug cartels allowed the Russian mafia to import cocaine into the country.[15] Vyacheslav “Yaponchik” Ivankov was the first major ethnically Russian organized crime figure prosecuted by the U.S. government, running his extortion operations out of Brighton Beach Brooklyn.[16] Russian organized crime has spread to many other countries as well including Israel, India,[17] Hungary, South Africa, Spain,[18] Thailand[19] and the United Kingdom.

[edit] Individual gangsRussian Mafia gangs are typically called “bratki”, “bratva” meaning “brotherhood” in Russian.

The Solntsevskaya Bratva, or Solntsevskaya brotherhood from Izmaylovo District) was considered one of the country’s most important and oldest Russian Mafia groups in Moscow and also had a presence in Tel Aviv, Berlin, Paris, Toronto, Miami and New York City. It was founded during the 1980s under the leadership of Oleg Ivanov and was estimated to consist of about 200 active members (according to other data of 300–500 people). In principle, the organization was divided into two separate bodies—Izmailovskaya and Gol’yanovskaya  which utilized quasi-military ranks and strict internal discipline. It was involved extensively in murder-for-hire, extortions], and infiltration of legitimate businesses.

The Tambov Gang  of Saint Petersburg.

The Potato Bag Gang, a manifestation of the Odessa Mafia, was a gang of con artists from Odessa that operated in New York City’s Soviet emigre community in the Brighton Beach area of New York City in the mid-1970s.

The Orekhovskaya gang

was a criminal organization based in Moscow] active between the late 1980s and early 1990s.
The Mkhedrioni was a paramilitary group involved in organised crime led by thief-in-law Jaba Ioseliani in 1990s Georgia.
Armenian Power, or AP-13, is a California based street gang and crime syndicate tied to Russian and Armenian organised crime.
The Brothers’ Circle operates in the Middle East, Africa, Latin America, and the United States of America, according to US Department for Treasury officials. Vladislav Leontyev is considered the most important figure in the group.
Throughout the former Sovjet Union, Europe as well as North America there are organized criminal gangs consisting of ethnic Russians, Russian/Ukrainian Jews and Belarusian Jews, Georgians ( including Svans, Mingrelians, Adjarians and Georgian Jews), Chechens, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Dagestanis, Kyrgyzstanis, Uzbeks, Uyghurs, Yezidi Kurds, Abkhazians, Ossetians, Volga Germans, Lithuanians, Estonians, Moldovans, Ingushetians, Turkmens, Tajiks and Russian Romani people. The term Russian Mafia is sometimes incorrectly used as a colloquial term for all of these gangs.

Advertisements

About Koan

ISIS or Islamic State, Al Qaeda and Islam is now in Latin America in the Year 2020 to 2070 Please go to the search box on the Right of the blog's home webpage to type any topic you want https://isisandislaminlatinamerica.wordpress.com/ and https://mrkowalzki21.wordpress.com/2016/07/22/the-isis-islamic-state-invasion-and-islam-of-latin-america-through-central-america-like-mayan-southern-mexico-and-guatemala/ **** English ISIS (ISIL/IS) or Islamic State or Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims are now in the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America like Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Central America Northern Triangle, Panama Canal, Colombia, Andes, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple Border Region and Patagonia. Southern Mexico is now the land of the Mayan Muslims. Islam is now the religion and will become an official religion in Chiapas, Mexico. Muslim groups and peoples from all over the world will come to Chiapas and intermarry with the local Maya tribes. The vengeance of the Maya with the help of Islam and groups like ISIS will wreck havoc on Mexico, Central America and the United States of America. Jews will never be safe in America anymore. Also the Indigenous Native Americans with United States, Canada, Caribbean, Greenland and the other native tribes of Latin America will embrace Islam too. ******* Spanish ISIS (ISIL / IS) o Estado Islámico o Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam y Musulmanes están ahora en los Pueblos Indígenas de América Latina como el Sur de México, Guatemala, Triángulo Norte de América Central, Canal de Panamá, Colombia, Andes, Amazonas, Guyanas, Triple Región Fronteriza y Patagonia. El sur de México es ahora la tierra de los musulmanes mayas. El Islam es ahora la religión y se convertirá en una religión oficial en Chiapas, México. Grupos musulmanes y pueblos de todo el mundo vendrán a Chiapas y se casarán con las tribus mayas locales. La venganza de los mayas con la ayuda del Islam y de grupos como ISIS destruirá estragos en México, Centroamérica y los Estados Unidos de América. Los judíos nunca estarán seguros en América. También los nativos americanos indígenas con Estados Unidos, Canadá, el Caribe, Groenlandia y las otras tribus nativas de América Latina abrazarán el Islam también. ****** Arabic ISIS (ISIL / IS) أو الدولة الإسلامية أو Daesh داعش، القاعدة، الإسلام والمسلمون الآن في السكان الأصليين في أمريكا اللاتينية مثل جنوب المكسيك وغواتيمالا وأمريكا الوسطى الشمالية المثلث، قناة بنما وكولومبيا وجبال الأنديز، والأمازون، غيانا، الثلاثي منطقة الحدود وباتاغونيا. جنوب المكسيك هو الآن في أرض المسلمين المايا. الإسلام هو الآن دين وسوف تصبح الديانة الرسمية في ولاية تشياباس في المكسيك. والجماعات الإسلامية والشعوب من جميع أنحاء العالم يأتون إلى ولاية تشياباس وتزاوج مع القبائل مايا المحلية. فإن الانتقام من مايا بمساعدة الإسلام وجماعات مثل ISIS حطام فسادا في المكسيك وأمريكا الوسطى والولايات المتحدة الأمريكية. اليهود لن يكون آمنا في أمريكا بعد الآن. كما الهنود الأصليين مع الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية وكندا ومنطقة البحر الكاريبي، غرينلاند وغيرها من القبائل المحلية من أمريكا اللاتينية واعتناق الإسلام أيضا. ***** Urdu ISIS (آئی ایس آئی ایل / ہے) یا اسلامی ریاست یا داعش، القاعدہ، اسلام اور مسلمانوں کو اب جنوبی میکسیکو، گوئٹے مالا، وسطی امریکہ شمالی مثلث، پانامہ کینال، کولمبیا، اینڈیز، ایمیزون، Guyanas، ٹرپل طرح لاطینی امریکہ کے مقامی عوام میں ہیں سرحدی علاقے اور پیٹاگونیا. جنوبی میکسیکو، اب میں Mayan مسلمانوں کی زمین ہے. اسلام اب مذہب ہے اور چیاپاس، میکسیکو میں ایک سرکاری مذہب بن جائے گا. دنیا بھر سے مسلمان گروہوں اور قوموں چیاپاس میں آتے ہیں اور مقامی مایا قبائل سے ناتا جوڑیں گے. آئی ایس آئی ایس کی طرح اسلام اور گروہوں کی مدد سے مایا کے انتقام میکسیکو، وسطی امریکہ اور ریاستہائے متحدہ امریکہ پر کہر برباد کرے گا. یہودیوں اب امریکہ میں محفوظ نہیں ہو گا. اس کے علاوہ امریکہ، کینیڈا، کیریبین، گرین لینڈ اور لاطینی امریکہ کے دیگر اسے قبائل کے ساتھ دیسی مقامی امریکیوں نے بھی اسلام قبول کرے گا. ***** Turkish Güney Meksika, Guatemala, Orta Amerika, Kuzey Üçgeni, Panama Kanalı, Kolombiya, Andes, Amazon, Guyanas, Üçlü gibi Latin Amerika Yerli Halklarında olan ISIS (İsrail / İslamcı) veya İslam Devleti ya da Daeş, El Kaide, İslam ve Müslümanlar Sınır Bölgesi ve Patagonya. Güney Meksika şimdi Maya Müslümanlarının ülkesidir. İslam şu anda dindir ve Chiapas, Meksika’da resmi bir din haline gelecektir. Dünyanın dört bir yanından gelen Müslüman gruplar ve insanlar, Chiapas’a gelecek ve yerel Maya kabileleri ile evlilikleşecek. Maya’nın İslam’ın ve ISIS gibi grupların intikamı, Meksika, Orta Amerika ve Amerika Birleşik Devletlerinde büyük yıkıma yol açacak. Yahudiler artık Amerika’da asla güvende olmayacak. Ayrıca Amerika Birleşik Devletleri, Kanada, Karayipler, Grönland ve diğer Latin Amerika ana kabileleri ile Yerli Yerli Amerikalılar da İslam’ı benimseyecektir. **** German ISIS (ISIL / IS) oder Islamischer Staat oder Daesh, Al Qaida, Islam und Muslime sind jetzt in den indigenen Völkern Lateinamerikas wie Südmexiko, Guatemala, Mittelamerika Nordtriangle, Panamakanal, Kolumbien, Anden, Amazonas, Guyana, Triple Grenzregion und Patagonien. Südmexiko ist jetzt das Land der Maya-Muslime. Der Islam ist nun die Religion und wird eine offizielle Religion in Chiapas, Mexiko. Muslimische Gruppen und Völker aus aller Welt kommen nach Chiapas und verheiraten sich mit den dortigen Maya-Stämmen. Die Rache der Maya mit Hilfe des Islam und Gruppen wie ISIS wird in Mexiko, Zentralamerika und den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika verwüsten. Juden werden in Amerika nie mehr sicher sein. Auch die indigenen Ureinwohner Amerikas mit den Vereinigten Staaten, Kanada, Karibik, Grönland und den anderen einheimischen Stämmen Lateinamerikas werden auch den Islam umarmen. *** French ISIS (ISIL / IS) ou l’Etat Islamique ou Daesh, Al-Qaïda, l’Islam et les Musulmans sont maintenant dans les Peuples Indigènes d’Amérique Latine comme le Sud du Mexique, le Guatemala, le Triangle Nord de l’Amérique Centrale, le Canal de Panama, la Colombie, les Andes, Région frontalière et Patagonie. Le sud du Mexique est maintenant le pays des musulmans mayas. L’islam est maintenant la religion et deviendra une religion officielle au Chiapas, au Mexique. Des groupes musulmans et des peuples du monde entier viendront au Chiapas et se marieront avec les tribus mayas locales. La vengeance des Mayas avec l’aide de l’islam et des groupes comme ISIS fera des ravages sur le Mexique, l’Amérique centrale et les États-Unis d’Amérique. Les Juifs ne seront plus en sécurité en Amérique. Aussi les indigènes amérindiens avec les États-Unis, le Canada, les Caraïbes, le Groenland et les autres tribus indigènes d’Amérique latine embrasseront aussi l’Islam. ***** Italian ISIS (ISIL / IS) o Stato islamico o Daesh, Al Qaeda, l’Islam ei musulmani sono ora nelle popolazioni indigene dell’America Latina come il Messico meridionale, Guatemala, America Centrale Triangolo del Nord, Canale di Panama, Colombia, Ande, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple Regione di confine e la Patagonia. Sud del Messico è ora la terra dei musulmani Maya. L’Islam è oggi la religione e diventerà una religione ufficiale in Chiapas, Messico. gruppi musulmani e popoli di tutto il mondo verranno a Chiapas e sposarsi con le tribù Maya locali. La vendetta del Maya con l’aiuto di Islam e gruppi come ISIS sarà distruggere il caos sul Messico, America Centrale e Stati Uniti d’America. Gli ebrei non saranno mai più al sicuro in America. Anche gli indigeni nativi americani con Stati Uniti, Canada, Caraibi, la Groenlandia e le altre tribù indigene dell’America Latina saranno abbracciare l’Islam troppo. **** Dutch ISIS (ISIL / IS) of Islamitische Staat of Daesh, Al Qaeda, de islam en moslims zijn nu in de inheemse volkeren van Latijns-Amerika, zoals het zuiden van Mexico, Guatemala, Midden-Amerika Noord-Driehoek, het Panamakanaal, Colombia, Andes, Amazon, Guyana, Triple Border Gewest en Patagonië. Southern Mexico is nu het land van de Maya-moslims. Islam is nu de religie en zal een officiële godsdienst in Chiapas, Mexico worden. Moslimgroepen en volkeren van over de hele wereld zal naar Chiapas komen en huwen met de lokale Maya stammen. De wraak van de Maya’s met de hulp van de islam en groepen als ISIS zal wrak ravage op Mexico, Centraal-Amerika en de Verenigde Staten van Amerika. Joden zullen nooit meer veilig zijn in Amerika. Ook de inheemse indianen met de Verenigde Staten, Canada, het Caribisch gebied, Groenland en de andere inheemse stammen van Latijns-Amerika zal de islam te omarmen. ***** Swedish ISIS (ISIL / IS) eller islamisk stat eller Daesh, al-Qaida, islam och muslimer är nu i ursprungsbefolkningen i Latinamerika som Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Centralamerika Northern Triangle, Panamakanalen , Colombia, Anderna, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple gränsområdet och Patagonia. Southern Mexico är nu landet av Maya muslimer. Islam är nu religionen och kommer att bli en officiell religion i Chiapas, Mexiko. Muslimska grupper och folk från hela världen kommer till Chiapas och beblanda med de lokala Maya stammarna. Hämnd av Maya med hjälp av islam och grupper som ISIS kommer vraket förödelse på Mexiko, Centralamerika och USA. Judar kommer aldrig vara säker i Amerika längre. Även den inhemska indianer med USA, Kanada, Karibien, Grönland och andra infödda stammar i Latinamerika kommer att omfatta Islam också. **** Danish ISIS (ISIL / IS) eller islamisk stat eller Daesh, al-Qaeda, islam og muslimer er nu i de oprindelige folk i Latinamerika ligesom det sydlige Mexico, Guatemala, Mellemamerika nordlige trekant, Panamakanalen, Colombia, Andesbjergene, Amazonas, Guyanas, Triple grænseregionen og Patagonien. Southern Mexico er nu landet med de Maya muslimer. Islam er nu den religion og vil blive en officiel religion i Chiapas, Mexico. Muslimske grupper og folk fra hele verden vil komme til Chiapas og gifte med de lokale Maya stammer. Den hævn af Maya med hjælp fra islam og grupper som ISIS vil vraget ravage på Mexico, Mellemamerika og USA. Jøder vil aldrig være i sikkerhed i Amerika længere. Også de indfødte indianere med USA, Canada, Caribien, Grønland og de andre indfødte stammer i Latinamerika vil omfavne Islam også. ***** Russian ISIS (ISIL / IS) или исламское государство или Daesh, Аль-Каида, Ислам и мусульмане в настоящее время в коренных народах Латинской Америки как Южная Мексика, Гватемала, Центральная Америка Северной Треугольнике, Панамский канал, Колумбия, Анды, Амазонка, Guyanas, Тройные Пограничный район и Патагонии. Южная Мексика теперь земля мусульман майя. Ислам теперь религия и станет официальной религией в штате Чьяпас, Мексика. Мусульманские группы и народы со всего мира соберутся в Чьяпас и породниться с местными племенами майя. Отмщение майя с помощью ислама и групп, как ISIS разрушит хаос в Мексике, Центральной Америке и Соединенных Штатах Америки. Евреи никогда не будут в безопасности в Америке больше. Кроме того, коренные коренные американцы с США, Канадой, странами Карибского бассейном, Гренландией и другими местными племенами Латинской Америки принять ислам тоже. ***** Portuguese ISIS (ISIL / IS) ou Estado Islâmico ou Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam e muçulmanos estão agora nos povos indígenas da América Latina como o México do Sul, Guatemala, Triângulo Norte da América Central, Canal do Panamá, Colômbia, Andes, Amazonas, Guiana Região Fronteiriça e Patagônia. Sul do México é agora a terra dos muçulmanos maia. O Islam é agora a religião e se tornará uma religião oficial em Chiapas, no México. Grupos muçulmanos e povos de todo o mundo virão a Chiapas e se casarão com as tribos maias locais. A vingança dos maias com a ajuda do Islã e de grupos como o ISIS causará estragos no México, na América Central e nos Estados Unidos da América. Os judeus nunca mais estarão seguros na América. Também os indígenas nativos americanos com os Estados Unidos, Canadá, Caribe, Groenlândia e as outras tribos nativas da América Latina abraçará o Islã também. ****** Malaysian ISIS (ISIL / IS) atau Negara Islam atau Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam dan umat Islam kini berada dalam Orang Asal di Amerika Latin seperti Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Amerika Tengah Utara Triangle, Panama Canal, Colombia, Andes, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple sempadan Wilayah dan Patagonia. kini selatan Mexico adalah tanah umat Islam Mayan. Masuk Islam adalah agama dan akan menjadi agama rasmi di Chiapas, Mexico. kumpulan Islam dan bangsa-bangsa dari seluruh dunia akan datang ke Chiapas dan kawin-mengawin dengan suku-suku Maya tempatan. Dendam Maya dengan bantuan Islam dan kumpulan-kumpulan seperti ISIS akan menghancurkan-hara di Mexico, Amerika Tengah dan Amerika Syarikat. Yahudi tidak akan selamat di Amerika lagi. Juga asli Amerika Indigenous dengan Amerika Syarikat, Kanada, Caribbean, Greenland dan suku kaum asli lain di Amerika Latin akan memeluk Islam juga. **** Indonesia ISIS (ISIL / IS) atau Negara Islam atau Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam dan Muslim kini berada di Masyarakat Adat Amerika Latin seperti Meksiko Selatan, Guatemala, Amerika Tengah Segitiga Utara, Panama Canal, Kolombia, Andes, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple Daerah perbatasan dan Patagonia. Meksiko selatan sekarang tanah Muslim Maya. Islam sekarang agama dan akan menjadi agama resmi di Chiapas, Meksiko. kelompok-kelompok Muslim dan orang-orang dari seluruh dunia akan datang ke Chiapas dan kawin dengan suku-suku Maya setempat. Pembalasan dari Maya dengan bantuan Islam dan kelompok-kelompok seperti ISIS akan merusak malapetaka pada Meksiko, Amerika Tengah dan Amerika Serikat. Yahudi tidak akan pernah aman di Amerika lagi. Juga Adat penduduk asli Amerika dengan Amerika Serikat, Kanada, Karibia, Greenland dan suku-suku asli lainnya dari Amerika Latin akan memeluk Islam juga. **** Albanian ISIS (ISIL / IS) ose Shteti Islamik apo Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islami dhe muslimanët janë tani në Popujt indigjenë të Amerikës Latine si Jugore Meksikë, Guatemala, Amerikën Qendrore Veriore Triangle, Panama Canal, Kolumbi, Ande, Amazon, Guyanas, e trefishtë Rajoni kufitar dhe Patagoni. Southern Mexico është tani vendi i muslimanëve Mayan. Islami është tani feja dhe do të bëhet një fe zyrtare në Chiapas, Meksikë. grupet myslimane dhe popujt nga e gjithë bota do të vijnë në Chiapas dhe bashkohemi me martesë me fiset lokale Maya. Hakmarrja e Maya me ndihmën e Islamit dhe grupeve si ISIS do të thyej kërdi në Meksikë, Amerika Qendrore dhe Shtetet e Bashkuara të Amerikës. Çifutët nuk do të jetë e sigurt në Amerikë më. Gjithashtu indigjene Gjuha amerikanët me Shtetet e Bashkuara, Kanada, Karaibe, Grenlandë dhe fiset e tjera të native të Amerikës Latine do të përqafojnë Islamin too. **** Bosnian ISIS (ISIL / IS) ili Islamska država ili Daesh, Al Kaida, islam i muslimane su sada u autohtone narode Latinske Amerike kao što su Southern Meksiko, Gvatemala, Centralna Amerika Sjeverna Triangle, Panamski kanal, Kolumbija, Anda, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple Border Region i Patagonije. Južnom Meksiku je sada zemlja Maja muslimana. Islam je sada religija i da će postati zvanična religija u Chiapas, Meksiko. Muslimanskih grupa i naroda iz cijelog svijeta će doći do Chiapas i brakove sa lokalnim Maya plemena. Osvete Maja uz pomoć islama i grupa poput ISIS će izazivaju nerede na Meksiko, Srednja Amerika i Sjedinjene Američke Države. Jevreji nikada neće biti siguran u Americi više. Takođe, autohtonih Indijanaca sa Sjedinjenim Državama, Kanadi, Karibima, Grenlanda i drugi native plemena Latinske Amerike će prihvatiti islam previše.
This entry was posted in Uncategorized and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s