Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia or FARC is now in the Philippines (Filipinas)

Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia or FARC is now in the Philippines (Filipinas)


The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia — People’s Army (Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia — Ejército del Pueblo, FARC–EP and FARC) are a Colombian Marxist–Leninist revolutionary guerrilla organization involved in the continuing Colombian Civil War, which began in 1964.The FARC–EP are a peasant army with a proclaimed political platform of agrarianism and anti-imperialism inspired by Bolivarianism. The FARC claim to represent the poor people of rural Colombia against the economic depredations of the ruling Colombian bourgeoisie; the political influence of the U.S. in the internal, national affairs of Colombia (i.e. Plan Colombia); neo-imperialism; the monopolization of natural resources by multinational corporations; and the Colombian government’s repressive violence (police, military, and paramilitary) against the civil populace of Colombia. The revolutionary operations of the FARC–EP are funded by kidnap to ransom, gold mining, and the production and distribution of illegal drugs.
The strength of the FARC–EP forces is indeterminate; in 2007, the FARC said they were an armed force of 18,000 men and women; in 2010, the Colombian military calculated the FARC forces comprised approximately 18,000 members, of whom 50 per cent were guerrilla combatants; and, in 2011, the President of Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos, said that the FARC–EP forces comprised fewer than 8,000 members. From 1999 to 2008 the guerrilla armies of the FARC and of the Ejército de Liberación Nacional (National Liberation Army of Colombia) controlled approximately 30–35 per cent of the national territory of Colombia. The greatest concentrations of FARC guerrilla forces are in the south-eastern regions of Colombia’s 500,000 square kilometers (190,000 sq mi) of jungle, and in the plains at the base of the Andean mountain chain.

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In 1964, the FARC–EP were established as the military wing of the Colombian Communist Party (Partido Comunista Colombiano, PCC), organized after the Columbian military attacked rural Communist enclaves in the aftermath of The Violence (La Violencia, ca. 1948–58). The FARC forces constitute the violent non-state actor (VNSA) participating in the Colombian Civil War; and formal, diplomatic recognition of the FARC as legitimate belligerent forces in the Colombian Civil War is disputed. As such, the FARC were classified as a terrorist organization by the governments of Colombia, the United States, Canada, Chile, New Zealand, and the European Union; whereas the governments of Venezuela, Brazil, Argentina, Ecuador, and Nicaragua do not classify the FARC as a terrorist organization. In 2008, the Venezuelan President, Hugo Chávez, disregarded the FARC terrorist-classification, and recognized the FARC as an army proper. President Chávez also asked the Colombian government, and their allies, to recognize the FARC as a belligerent force, because such political recognition would oblige the FARC to forego kidnap and terrorism as methods of civil war, and to abide the Geneva Convention.


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