The Haqqani Network is an insurgent group fighting against US-led NATO forces and the government of Afghanistan. Originating in Afghanistan during the mid-1970s, it was nurtured by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) during the 1980s Soviet war in Afghanistan. Maulvi Jalaluddin Haqqani and his son Sirajuddin Haqqani lead the group, which operates on both sides of the Afghanistan-Pakistan border; but U.S. officials believe it is based in Pakistan’s Waziristan tribal frontier. It is allied with the Taliban.
According to US military commanders it is “the most resilient enemy network” and one of the biggest threats to the U.S.-led NATO forces and the Afghan government in the current war in Afghanistan. In October 2011, U.S. Secretary Hillary Clinton indicated that American officials had held a meeting with the representatives of the group during the previous summer